2008 Prosecutor's Manual

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  DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICENational Prosecution ServiceMANUALFORPROSECUTORS  TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD .........................................................................................................6 ACKNOWLEDEMENT .............................................................................................6 NOTE .................................................................................................................7 R ULES   ON  P ROCEDURE   IN   THE  I NVESTIGATION , P ROSECUTION   AND  T RIAL   OF  C RIMINAL  C ASES ..................8 PART I. P ROSECUTION   OF  O FFENSES ...............................................................................8 SEC! Cri#inal action ..............................................................................................8 SEC! $! %o& an' &(ere co##ence'! .............................................................................8 SEC! )! Co#*laint! ...................................................................................................8 SEC! +! O,,en'e' *art-. 'e,ine'! ...................................................................................8 SEC! /! In,or#ation! .................................................................................................8 SEC! 0! Su,,icienc- o, co#*laint or in,or#ation! ..................................................................8 SEC! 1! Ot(er essential #atters to 2e alle3e' in co#*laint or in,or#ation! .....................................9 SEC! 4! A''itional contents o, a co#*laint ........................................................................9 SEC! 5! Na#e o, accuse'! ..........................................................................................9 SEC! 6! Desi3nation o, o,,ense! ...................................................................................9 SEC! ! Cause o, accusation ......................................................................................9 SEC! )! Ti#e o, co##ission o, o,,ense! ..........................................................................9 SEC! +! Title o, co#*laint or in,or#ation .........................................................................9 SEC! /! Contents o, ca*tion o, an in,or#ation! ..................................................................9 SEC! 0! List o, *rosecution &itnesses! ..........................................................................10 SEC! 1! Nu#2er o, o,,enses c(ar3e'! ..........................................................................10 SEC! 4! A#en'#ent o, in,or#ation or co#*laint! ..............................................................10 SEC! 5! Mista7e in,or# an' su2stance! ........................................................................10 SEC! $6! %o& Perio' o, Prescri*tion Co#*ute' an' Interru*te'! .............................................10 PART II. INQUEST .................................................................................................11 SEC! ! Conce*t! ...................................................................................................11 SEC! $! Desi3nation o, In 8uest O,,icer! 9 .......................................................................11 SEC! )! Co##ence#ent an' ter#ination o, in8uest!: ..........................................................11 SEC! +! Docu#ents re8uire' in s*eci,ic cases! .................................................................12 SEC! /! Inco#*lete 'ocu#ents! ..................................................................................13 SEC! 0! Presence o, 'etaine' *erson! ...........................................................................13 SEC! 1! C(ar3es an' counter:c(ar3es ...........................................................................14 SEC! 4! Initial 'ut- o, In8uest O,,icer .............................................................................14 SEC! 5! &(ere arrest not *ro*erl- e,,ecte' ......................................................................14 SEC! 6! &(ere arrest *ro*erl- e,,ecte' .........................................................................14 SEC! ! In8uest ...................................................................................................14 SEC! $! Meanin3 o, *ro2a2le cause ............................................................................15 SEC! )! Presence o, *ro2a2le cause ...........................................................................15 SEC! +! Contents o, In,or#ation .................................................................................15 SEC! /! A2sence o, *ro2a2le cause ............................................................................15 SEC! 0! Presence at cri#e scene ...............................................................................15 SEC! 1! San'i3an2a-an cases ..................................................................................16 SEC! 4! Recovere' articles ......................................................................................16 SEC! 5! Release o, recovere' articles ..........................................................................16 PART III. PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION .....................................................................16 SEC! ! Conce*t o, *reli#inar- investi3ation ....................................................................16 Page 2 of 35  SEC! $! Pur*ose o, *reli#inar- investi3ation ....................................................................17 SEC! )! Nature o, *reli#inar- investi3ation ......................................................................17 SEC! +! E,,ect o, a#en'#ent o, in,or#ation .....................................................................17 SEC! /! &(ere ri3(t o, *reli#inar- investi3ation #a- (e invo7e' ..............................................17 SEC! 0! O,,icers Aut(ori;e' to Con'uct Preli#inar- Investi3ation! ............................................17 SEC! 1! Co##ence#ent o, Preli#inar- Investi3ation!: ........................................................17 SEC! 4! Co#*laint .................................................................................................18 SEC! 5! Su**ortin3 a,,i'avits .....................................................................................18 SEC! 6! Nu#2er o, co*ies o, a,,i'avits .........................................................................18 SEC! ! <aran3a- certi,ication ...................................................................................18 SEC! $! Lac7 o, (aran3a- certi,ication ..........................................................................18 SEC! )! Initial= action on t(e Co#*laint .........................................................................19 SEC! +! Dis#issal o, co#*laint .................................................................................19 SEC! /! Personal service o, 'ocu#ents 2- investi3atin3 *rosecutor ........................................19 SEC! 0! Service o, su2*oena in *reli#inar- investi3ation .....................................................19 SEC! 1! W(ere Res*on'ent cannot (e su2*oenae'! .........................................................20 SEC! 4! Counter:A,,i'avits .......................................................................................20 SEC! 5! Motion ,or 'is#issal o, 2ill o, *articulars ..............................................................20 SEC! $6! Consoli'ation ............................................................................................21 SEC! $ ! E>tension o, ti#e ........................................................................................21 SEC! $$! Sus*ension o, *rocee'in3s ............................................................................21 SEC! $)! Conce*t o, *re?u'icial 8uestion ........................................................................21 SEC! $+! Ele#ents o, *re?u'icial 8uestion .......................................................................21 SEC! $/! Issuance o, or'ers o, sus*ension o, *rocee'in3s ....................................................21 SEC! $0! Re*l-:a,,i'avits an' re?oin'ers .........................................................................22 SEC! $1! Clan,icator- 8uestions ..................................................................................22 SEC! $4! Su2#ission o, case ,or resolution .....................................................................22 SEC! $5! Lac7 o, *ro2a2le cause .................................................................................22 SEC! )6! Fin'in3 o, *ro2a2le cause ..............................................................................22 SEC! ) ! Reo*enin3 o, investi3ation .............................................................................22 SEC! )$! Cases Trans#itte' 2- t(e Munici*al Trial Ju'3e .....................................................23 SEC! ))! Me#oran'a ..............................................................................................23 SEC! )+! Perio' ,or resolvin3 a case .............................................................................23 SEC! )/! For# o, resolution an' nu#2er o, co*ies!: ...........................................................23 SEC! )0! Contents o, t(e resolution ..............................................................................23 SEC! )1! Ca*tion o, resolution ....................................................................................23 SEC! )4! Na#es o, *arties ........................................................................................23 SEC! )5! Case nu#2er ............................................................................................23 SEC! +6! Desi3nation o, o,,ense c(ar3e' ........................................................................24 SEC! + ! Contents o, 2o'- o, resolution .........................................................................24 SEC! +$! Parts o, a resolution ....................................................................................24 SEC! +)! %o& reco##en'e' (ail is &ritten .....................................................................24 SEC! ++! Reco##en'e' 2ail .....................................................................................24 SEC! +/! Parties to 2e ,urnis(e' &it( a co*- o, t(e resolution! ................................................24 SEC! +0! Si3nature an' initials o, investi3atin3 *rosecutor ....................................................24 SEC! +1! Recor's o, t(e case ....................................................................................25 SEC! +4! Action o, t(e Provincial or Cit- Prosecutor or C(ie, State Prosecutor on resolution ..............25 SEC! +5! Reversal 2- t(e Provincial or Cit- Prosecutor or C(ie, State Prosecutor o, resolution o,investi3atin3 *rosecutor ...........................................................................................25 SEC! /6! A**roval o, *lea'in3 2- (ea' o, *rosecution o,,ice ..................................................25 SEC! / ! Motion ,or reinvesti3ation. &(ere ,ile'! ................................................................25 SEC! /$! Con,i'entialit- o, resolutions! ..........................................................................25 SEC! /)! In,or#ation=Co#*laint ..................................................................................25 SEC! /+! Docu#ents to 2e attac(e' to in,or#ation=co#*laint .................................................26 SEC! //! Pro#ul3ation o, resolution .............................................................................26 SEC! /0! Motion ,or reconsi'eration .............................................................................26 Page 3 of 35  SEC! /1! In(i2ition .................................................................................................26 SEC! /4! Perio' to resolve cases un'er *reli#inar- investi3ation! ............................................26 PART IV . PETITION FOR REVIEW ..............................................................................27 SEC! ! Su2?ect o, *etition ,or revie& ............................................................................27 SEC! $! Perio' to ,ile *etition .....................................................................................27 SEC! )! For# an' contents .......................................................................................27 SEC! +! Cases not su2?ect to revie&@ e>ce*tions ...............................................................28 SEC! /! Ans&er ....................................................................................................28 SEC! 0! Wit('ra&al o, *etition!: ...................................................................................28 SEC! 1! Motion ,or reinvesti3ation ................................................................................28 SEC! 5! Motion ,or Reconsi'eration ..............................................................................28 SEC! 6! E,,ect o, ,ilin3 o, *etition ................................................................................28 PART V. BAIL ......................................................................................................29 SEC! ! <ail 'e,ine' ...............................................................................................29 SEC! $! Nature o, ri3(t to 2a' .....................................................................................29 SEC! )! Non:2aila2le o,,ense .....................................................................................29 SEC! + Criteria in reco##en'in3 a#ount o, 2ail ...............................................................29 SEC! /! <ur'en o, *roo, in 2ail a**lication ......................................................................29 SEC! 0! Reco3ni;ance! ............................................................................................29 SEC! 1! <ail. &(en not re8uire'@ re'uce' 2ail or reco3ni;ance ................................................29 SEC! 4! Notice o, a**lication ,or (ail to *rosecutor .............................................................30 SEC! 5! Cancellation o, (ail 2on' .................................................................................30 SEC! 6! Arrest o, accuse' out on (ail! ..........................................................................30 SEC! ! No (a' a,ter ,inal ?u'3#ent. e>ce*tion! ...............................................................30 SEC! $! Rules in co#*utin3 t(e 2ail to 2e reco##en'e' .....................................................30 SEC! )! Petition ,or 2ail in a continuous trial ...................................................................31 PART VI. ARREST .................................................................................................31 SEC! ! De,inition o, *ro2a2le cause as a 3roun' ,or an arrest or issuance o, a &arrant o, arrest .........31 SEC! $! Re#e'- i, no &arrant o, arrest is issue' 2- t(e investi3atin3 ?u'3e .................................31 SEC! )! Re8uest ,or a co*- o, t(e return ........................................................................31 PART VII. ARRAIGNMENT AND PLEA .........................................................................31 SEC! ! Conce*t o, arrai3n#ent .................................................................................31 SEC! $! Duties o, trial *rosecutor .................................................................................31 SEC! )! E,,ect o, ,ilin3 a *etition ,or revie& ......................................................................32 SEC! +! Conce*t o, *lea ...........................................................................................32 PART VIII. PRE-TRIAL ............................................................................................32 SEC! ! Conce*t o, *re:trial .......................................................................................32 SEC! $! Duties o, *rosecutor 2e,ore an' a,ter t(e *re:trial con,erence .......................................32 SEC! )! Su2?ect #atters o,*re:tn!al ...............................................................................32 SEC! +! Plea o, 3uilt- to a lesser o,,ense ........................................................................33 SEC! /! &(en accuse' *lea's 3uilt- to a ca*ital o,,ense .......................................................33 PART IX. TRIAL' ...................................................................................................33 SEC! ! De,inition o, trial ..........................................................................................33 SEC! $! Conce*t o, trial ...........................................................................................34 SEC! )! E>*e'itious *rosecution o, cri#inal cases ,ile' &it( t(e courts ......................................34 SEC! +! Or'er o, *resentation o, &itnesses .....................................................................34 SEC! /! Pre*aration o, ,or#al o,,er o, e>(i2its ..................................................................34 SEC! 0! De,ense evi'ence ........................................................................................34 SEC! 1! Disc(ar3e o, accuse' to (e state &itness ..............................................................34 SEC! 4! Witness *rotection .......................................................................................35 Page 4 of 35
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