222286107 Early Life of Mahatma Gandhi | Mahatma Gandhi

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  Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar, in the present-dayIndian state of G!arat #is father was the dewan $chief minister% of Porbandar& his deep'yre'i(ios mother was a de)oted practitioner of *aishna)ism $worship of the #ind (od *ishn%,inf'enced by +ainism, an ascetic re'i(ion (o)erned by tenets of se'f-discip'ine and non)io'ence t the a(e of 19, Mohandas 'eft home to stdy 'aw in ondon at the Inner .emp'e, one of thecity/s for 'aw co''e(es 0pon retrnin( to India in mid-1891, he set p a 'aw practice inombay, bt met with 'itt'e sccess #e soon accepted a position with an Indian firm that senthim to its office in oth frica 'on( with his wife, Kastrbai, and their chi'dren, Gandhiremained in oth frica for near'y 23 years #ere, he became interested in the phi'osophy of non)io'ence, as e4pressed in the  Bhagavad-Gita , #ind sacred scriptre, and in +ess 5hristsermon on the Mont in the 5hristian ib'e #e retrned to India in 1891, ha)in( passed the bar, bt fond 'itt'e sccess in his attempts to practice 'aw ee7in( a chan(e of scenery, he accepteda position in oth frica for a year, where he assisted on a 'awsit n 1936, after the .rans)aa' (o)ernment passed an ordinance re(ardin( the re(istration of itsIndian pop'ation, Gandhi 'ed a campai(n of ci)i' disobedience that wo'd 'ast for the ne4t ei(htyears rin( its fina' phase in 191, hndreds of Indians 'i)in( in oth frica, inc'din(women, went to !ai', and thosands of stri7in( Indian miners were imprisoned, f'o((ed and e)enshot :ina''y, nder pressre from the ritish and Indian (o)ernments, the (o)ernment of othfrica accepted a compromise ne(otiated by Gandhi and Genera' +an 5hristian mts, whichinc'ded important concessions sch as the reco(nition of Indian marria(es and the abo'ition of the e4istin( po'' ta4 for Indians In +'y 191;, Gandhi 'eft oth frica to retrn to India #e spported the ritish war effortin <or'd <ar I bt remained critica' of co'onia' athorities for measres he fe't were n!st In 1919, Gandhi 'anched an or(ani=ed campai(n of passi)e resistance in response to Par'iament/s passa(e of the >ow'att cts, which (a)e co'onia' athorities emer(ency powers to sppresssb)ersi)e acti)ities #e bac7ed off after )io'ence bro7e ot?inc'din( the massacre by ritish-'ed so'diers of some ;33 Indians attendin( a meetin( at mritsar?bt on'y temporari'y, and by1923 he was the most )isib'e fi(re in the mo)ement for Indian independence In 191, after ritish athorities made some concessions, Gandhi a(ain ca''ed off the resistancemo)ement and a(reed to represent the 5on(ress Party at the >ond .ab'e 5onference in ondon Meanwhi'e, some of his party co''ea(es?partic'ar'y Mohammed 'i +innah, a 'eadin( )oice for India/s Ms'im minority?(rew frstrated with Gandhi/s methods, and what they saw as a 'ac7 of concrete (ains rrested pon his retrn by a new'y a((ressi)e co'onia' (o)ernment, Gandhi   be(an a series of hn(er stri7es in protest of the treatment of India/s so-ca''ed @ntochab'esA$the poorer c'asses%, whom he renamed #ari!ans, or @chi'dren of God A .he fastin( cased anproar amon( his fo''owers and res'ted in swift reforms by the #ind commnity and the(o)ernment In 19;, Gandhi annonced his retirement from po'itics in, as we'' as his resi(nation from the5on(ress Party, in order to concentrate his efforts on wor7in( within rra' commnities rawn bac7 into the po'itica' fray by the otbrea7 of  <or'd <ar II, Gandhi a(ain too7 contro' of the IB5, demandin( a ritish withdrawa' from India in retrn for Indian cooperation with the war effort Instead, ritish forces imprisoned the entire 5on(ress 'eadership, brin(in( n('o-Indianre'ations to a new 'ow point fter the abor Party too7 power in ritain in 19;C, ne(otiations o)er Indian home r'e be(an between the ritish, the 5on(ress Party and the Ms'im ea(e $now 'ed by +innah% ater thatyear, ritain (ranted India its independence bt sp'it the contry into two dominionsD India andPa7istan Gandhi stron('y opposed Partition, bt he a(reed to it in hopes that after independence#inds and Ms'ims co'd achie)e peace interna''y mid the massi)e riots that fo''owedPartition, Gandhi r(ed #inds and Ms'ims to 'i)e peacef''y to(ether, and ndertoo7 a hn(er stri7e nti' riots in 5a'ctta ceased eadership is abot castin( a )ision and a''owin( it to seep into others so that they fo''ow the 'ead Mahatma Gandhi is a wor'd renowned 'eader who was a po'itician, a writer, an inte''ecta' and a (ifted orator I find it incredib'e that as a yon( boy, Gandhi did not disp'ay any 'eadership Ea'ities #e was a be'ow a)era(e stdent $'ac7-'ster% and )ery shy #is remar7ab'e metamorphosis from a d'' boy to a bri''iant 'eader attests to the fact that (ood 'eaders are made #e has inspired and moti)ated (reat 'eaders sch as 'bert Finstein, Be'son Mande'a and arac7 Obama Gandhi championed passionate'y for for main casesD India/s independence from Greatritain, #ind ? Ms'im nity, the cases of the poor and eEa'ity and !stice for the ntochab'es s a peace ad)ocate who abhorred )io'ence, Gandhi emp'oyed a no)e' tactic of en(a(ement with the enemy - resistance thro(h non-)io'ent ci)i' disobedience In this response  paper, I wi'' respond to the 'eadership sty'es   that emer(e in the corse of his a(itation and ad)ocacy   Gandhi e4emp'ified many characteristics of a (reat 'eader #is 'o)e for the peop'e of India was  bond'ess& he wanted nothin( more than to ser)e and he'p them 'ways pttin( others abo)e himse'f, he so(ht to ma7e himse'f e)en 'ower than the 'owest member of the #ind caste system #e e)en hmb'ed himse'f to the point of sweepin( p e4crement 'eft behind by others, hopin( to teach that disease was spread in fi'th One of his most admirab'e Ea'ities was that he 'ed by e4amp'e and ne)er preached that which he was not wi''in( to do himse'f  common thread between Gandhi and many other (reat 'eaders was that no matter what he did, he did it to the best of his abi'ity #e once saidDBo matter how insi(nificant the thin( yo ha)e to do, do it as we'' as yo can, Gandhi/s phi'osophy of non-)io'ence in)o')ed ci)i' resistance, refsa' to comp'y with n!st'aws
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