A Rights in Crisis Guide to Influencing: The who, what and why of humanitarian campaigning

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Welcome to A Rights in Crisis Guide to Influencing. This guide is an essential resource for all those wanting to understand how the humanitarian system works, who to influence and what issues to campaign on in order to ensure respect for the rights of women, men, girls and boys at risk or affected by conflicts and disasters. This guide has been produced by Oxfam
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  A RIGHTS IN CRISIS GUIDE TO INFLUENCING THE WHO, WHAT AND WHY OF HUMANITARIAN CAMPAIGNING www.oxfam.org  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This guide was written by Steph Cousins, Kirsten Hagon and Ellie Kemp and project managed by Adeline Guerra, Sophia Swithern, Anita Kattakuzhy and Conor Costello. The guide was made possible with the support, guidance and contributions of staff across the Oxfam confederation. Special thanks to:Hasnat Ahsan, Murshida Akhter, Syeda Nazoora Ali, Aimee Ansari, Michael Bailey, Abigael Baldoumas, Joel Bassuk, Caroline Baudot, Sultana Begum, Louis Belanger, Roslyn Boatman, Ian Bray, Aimee Brown, Anne Buffardi, Martin Butcher, Colm Byrne, Ed Cairns, Carlos Alberto Calderon, Annick Van Lookeren Campagne, Mohammed Chickhaoui, Richard Chilvers, Sally Chin, Shaheen Chughtai, Steve Cockburn, Jane Cocking, Marc Cohen, Hugh Cole, Christina Corbett, Anna Coryndon, Paul Creeney, Louisa Daubney, Riccardo D’Emidio, Richard English, Emma Fanning, Elise Ford, Sophie Ford, Ben Garbutt, Ivan Garcia, Tara Gingerich, Sally Golding, Daniel Gorevan, Noah Gottschalk, Celine Grey, Omayma Gutbi, Mariam Kemple Hardy, Heywood Hadfield, Rachel Hastie, Debbie Hillier, Jessie Ho, Caroline Hotham, Jorrit Kaminga, Floortje Klijn, Jean-Baptiste Lacombe, Suying Lai, Eddie Lambert, Hannah Lewis, Josephine Liebl, Anna MacDonald, Maya Mailer, Jonathan Mazliah, Nate McCray, Araddhya Mehtta, Lilian Mercado, Clancy Moore, Ben Murphy, Sari Naskinen, Athena Nguyen, Brigitte Obertop, Vanessa Parra, Scott Paul, Esme Peach, Paula San Pedro, Jean-Patrick Perrin, Francisco Yermo Fuentes Pila, Ed Pomfret, Gareth Price-Jones, Anna Ridout, Gabrielle Roudaut, Riccardo Sansone, Saya Sauliere, Shannon Scribner, Richard Stanforth, Simon Starling, Elizabeth Stevens, Geno Teofilo, Sara Tesorieri, Nigel Timmins, Nicolas Vercken, Sarah Walker, Louise Williams and Ann Witteveen. FRONT COVER IMAGE: Voluntary members of the Oxfam water and sanitation committee head into Jamam refugee camp, South Sudan to spread vital messages to young women about good hygiene practices and distribute female hygiene kits. Credit: John Ferguson/Oxfam  TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................5 1.1 Oxfam’s humanitarian commitment .........................................................................................................71.2 The humanitarian challenge ....................................................................................................................81.3 Humanitarian influencing .........................................................................................................................9 2 Principles and standards .........................................................................................................10 2.1 International humanitarian law ..............................................................................................................112.2 Core humanitarian principles .................................................................................................................122.3 Human rights ...........................................................................................................................................142.4 Codes and standards ..............................................................................................................................15 3 Who’s who in the humanitarian arena? ...................................................................................17 3.1 Affected communities ............................................................................................................................183.2 Civil society ..............................................................................................................................................193.3 Governments ............................................................................................................................................233.4 Regional organizations ..........................................................................................................................293.5 The international humanitarian system ................................................................................................313.6 Donors and funding mechanisms .........................................................................................................383.7 Private sector ..........................................................................................................................................473.8 Military forces and peacekeeping missions .........................................................................................483.9 Armed non-state actors .........................................................................................................................52 4 What humanitarian issues do we campaign on? ......................................................................54 4.1 The right to assistance ..........................................................................................................................554.2 The right to protection ............................................................................................................................644.3 Humanitarian access ..............................................................................................................................704.4 Gender justice in crises ..........................................................................................................................764.5 Preventing conflict .................................................................................................................................824.6 Resilience, risk reduction and climate adaptation .............................................................................88 Annexes .........................................................................................................................................96 Annex 1: Summary of regional organizations ..............................................................................................96Annex 2: List of acroynms .............................................................................................................................99 References ..................................................................................................................................103  CASE STUDIES Case Study 1: Promoting Sphere standards in China .........................................................................................15Case Study 2: Within and Without the State ......................................................................................................21Case Study 3: Influencing the Bangladesh government in response to floods ............................................25Case Study 4: Brokering and coordinating with government and civil society in Vanuatu ..........................26Case Study 5: Partnering with local authorities in responding to the Syria refugee crisis in Lebanon .....27Case Study 6: Oxfam’s Liaison Office to the African Union ..............................................................................29Case Study 7: ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response ...............................30Case Study 8: Oxfam engagement with UN institutions on humanitarian issues .........................................32Case Study 9: Role of civil society in effective functioning of clusters – Pakistan ..........................................36Case Study 10: Fair share of funding for the Sahel food crisis .........................................................................43Case Study 11: Joint NGO efforts to influence Australia’s humanitarian policy ............................................44Case Study 12: Refusing to accept funding – the case of the Iraq War .........................................................44Case Study 13: Keeping remittances flowing into Somalia ..............................................................................45Case Study 14: Quick Impact Projects in Chad ....................................................................................................49Case Study 15: Armed groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo – only part of the problem ...............52Case Study 16: Integrating influencing into WASH programming in the Philippines .....................................57Case Study 17: Advocating for alternatives to food aid ...................................................................................61Case Study 18: Land tenure security in post-Haiyan recovery in the Philippines .........................................62Case Study 19: Promoting gender-sensitive police reform in Afghanistan ...................................................66Case Study 20: Collaborative advocacy with the protection cluster in DRC ..................................................68Case Study 21: Delicate negotiations in the wake of Cyclone Nargis, Myanmar ...........................................72Case Study 22: InterAction advocacy on counter-terrorism and humanitarian action ................................75Case Study 23: The complex impact of gender in the Syria refugee response ..............................................77Case Study 24: UN Security Council resolutions on women, peace and security .........................................78Case Study 25: Supporting a coalition of women’s groups in Sri Lanka ........................................................81Case Study 26: Addressing tribal conflicts in Pakistan ....................................................................................83Case Study 27: Making history with the Arms Trade Treaty ..............................................................................86Case Study 28: Oxfam’s advocacy on DDR in DRC ...............................................................................................87Case Study 29: Women’s livelihoods in Armenia ................................................................................................90Case Study 30: A nationally implemented safety net plan to deal with local shocks – Kenya ...................91Case Study 31: Building resilience to conflict in Colombia ...............................................................................92Case Study 32: Urban vulnerability in La Paz, Bolivia ........................................................................................93
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