Agrofuels and Family and Peasant Agriculture: Inputs for the debate

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This report summarises the seminar held in Rio de Janeiro on July 12-13, 2007 focusing on Agrofuels and its consequent effects on family and peasant farming within the context of Brazilian agriculture and rural development. The paper is divided into three chapters ranging from the context and problems relating to agrofuels in Brazil to the challenges and prospects for agrofuels in the country. Each chapter was a presentation at the seminar and the paper later discusses the ideas within the debate and tries to identify the key points raised at the seminar. The event was based on the initiative of the Working Group on agriculture of Rede Brasileira pela Integração dos Povos – REBRIP (Brazilian Network for the Integration of the Peoples) and Federação de Órgãos para Assistência Social e Educacional – FASE (Federation of Agencies for Social and Educational Assistance), with the support from ActionAid Brazil, the Heinrich Boll Foundation and Oxfam International.
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  INPUTS FOR THE DEBATE AGROFUELS ANDFAMILY AND PEASANTAGRICULTURE REBRIPRede Brasileira pelaIntegração dos PovosFASEFederação de Órgãos paraAssistência Social e EducacionalActionAid BrasilHeinrich Böll FoundationOxfam International PREPARED BY:SUPPORTED BY:  AGROFUELS AND FAMILY AND PEASANT AGRICULTURE - INPUTS FOR THE DEBATEReport from the seminar held in Rio de Janeiro on July 12-13, 2007Editorial project, graphic design, revision and artwork:Usha Velasco (ushavelasco@gmail.com)Coordinated by :Kátia Maia (Oxfam International)Nathalie Beghin (Oxfam International)Photography:Fabrício Martins, Felipe Ferreira, Sérgio Vignes and Ubirajara MachadoWe wish to thank the following organizations for kindly donating the photographs used in this publication:CONTAG – Confederação Nacional dos Trabalhadores na Agricultura (National Confederation of Agriculture Workers)  MDA – Ministério do Desenvolvimento Agrário (Ministry of Agrarian Development)  IOS – Instituto Observatório Social (Social Observatory Institute)  Photolith and Printing:Semear Editora publishing house Translation to English:Luiz Marcos B. L. de Vasconcelos – Master Language Traduções e Interpretação Ltda. (Brasília, DF)Print-run:1,000 copiesPrepared by:FASE – Federação de Órgãos para Assistência Social e Educacional (Federation of Agencies for Social and Educational Assistance)  REBRIP – Rede Brasileira pela Integração dos Povos ( Brazilian Network for the Integration of Peoples)  Supported by:ActionAid BrasilHeinrich Boll FoundationOxfam International The opinions expressed in this publication are of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the organizations that supported, coordinatedand prepared it. This text can be fully or partially copied, provided that the source is mentioned. Contacts to get copies of the publication:FASE / REBRIPRua das Palmeiras, 90 - BotafogoZIP Code: 22270-070 Rio de Janeiro RJ - Brazil Tel.: (55) (21) 2536-7350 Fax: (55) (21) 2536-7379fase@fase.org.brOxfam International Office in BrasiliaSCS Quadra 8 Bloco B 50 Sala 401 Edifício Venâncio 2000ZIP Code: 70333-970 Brasília DF - Brazil Tel.: (55) (61) 3321-4044 Fax: (55) (61) 3323-8552brasília@oxfam.org.br BRAZILIAN NETWORK FOR THE INTEGRATION OF THE PEOPLES (Rio de Janeiro, RJ).Agrofuels and Family and Peasant Agriculture: inputs for the debate. Rio de Janeiro:REBRIP / FASE, 2008.141 pages1. Agrofuel - Brazil. 2. Bioenergy - Brazil. 3. Agrofuel – Family Agriculture. 4. Agrofuel -Peasant Agriculture. 5. Biodiesel - Family Agriculture. 6. Ethanol - Family Agriculture. I.Seminar on Agrofuels and Family and Peasant Agriculture. II. Title. CDD: 662,669  INTRODUCTION P. 6 LIST OF ACRONYMS P. 10 CHAPTER IContext and problems related to agrofuels in Brazil  Jean Pierre Leroy (FASE) P. 14 CHAPTER IIInputs for the discussion on agrofuels in Brazil  John Wilkinson and Selena Herrera (CPDA/UFRRJ) P. 22 CHAPTER IIIChallenges and prospects for agrofuels in Brazil:family agriculture in relation to ethanol from sugarcaneand biofuel from soybean, castor bean and palm oil Célio Bermann (coordinator), Luis Macedo Swarthy,Mariana Soares Domingues and Renato Rosenberg (IEE/USP) P. 58 CHAPTER IVReport from presentations made and debatesheld during the Seminar P. 114 ANNEX P. 138 Ubirajara MachadoUbirajara MachadoSérgio VignesSérgio VignesFelipe FerreiraFabrício Martins Summary
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