Bringing Budgets Alive: Participatory budgeting in practice | Taxes

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This report describes how Community Pride Initiative have tried to use the principles of participatory budgeting, as developed in Brazil, to improve the way public money is used in Greater Manchester. It outlines how to create added value from adopting participatory budgeting ideas and shows that it is possible to operate participatory budgets using no more than a few per cent of the annual revenue budget of a Local Authority. With a positive approach, that money can bring about substantial changes in established ways of working. It outlines the necessary preconditions for participatory budgeting, and gives a detailed outline of how it works in practice, describing the key elements and stages of a participatory budgeting process.
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  Bringing budgets alive  participatory budgeting in practice Community Pride Initiative/Oxfam UK Poverty ProgrammeFebruary 2005  Bringing budgets alive: participatory budgeting in practice 2 This document is part of a set of resources about participatorybudgeting (PB) produced by Community Pride Initiative andOxfam’s UK Poverty Programme. These are: > Let’s talk money: an introductory leaflet explaining the basic concepts and the potential for PB to transform local democracy in the UK. > Breathing life into democracy: a detailed overview of the srcins and development of participatory budgeting, why it is important today and what its key strengths and weaknesses are. > Bringing budgets alive: how to do it and what tools and techniques can help you.The resources were written by Jez Hall of Community Pride Initiative with input and support from CPI’s Ed Cox, Bridget O’Rourke, Mark Waters and Jenny Lazarus, and Oxfam’s Julie Jarman, Charlotte Flower and Jo Rowlands. Nikki van der Gaag edited the set, and they were designed by Corinne Welch(www.goodthinkingcommunications.net) and produced by Oxfam’s Jo Lyon.© 2005 Community Pride Initiative & OxfamCopies of this document can be downloaded from CPI’s PB website at www.participatorybudgeting.org.uk and are available in Oxfam’s Social Inclusion Directory at www.oxfamgb.org/ukpp/sidOxfam UK Poverty Programme 274 Banbury RoadOxfordOX2 7DZTel: 01865 313184ukpp@oxfam.org.ukwww.oxfamgb.org/ukpp Community Pride Initiative 491 Mill StreetManchester M11 2ADTel: 0161 231 4111www.communitypride.org.uk For more information please contact: hyperlink  Bringing budgets alive: participatory budgeting in practice 3 CONTENTS 1. Introduction——————————————————————————————— 4 2. How it works: participatory budgeting in practice——————————————— 6 3. From consultation to ‘consult-action’———————————————————— 9 4. The key elements of participatory budgeting———————————————— 11 1. Define the size of the participatory investment budget——————————— 11 2. Create well-defined geographical structures———————————————— 13 3. Build new deliberative structures – the Citizens’ Budget Council——————— 17 4. Support community engagement through community link workers—————— 22 5. Build an annual cycle————————————————————————— 25 5. Conclusion——————————————————————————————— 29Appendix 1: Glossary of terms———————————————————————— 30Appendix 2: Community Pride Initiative and Oxfam UK Poverty Programme————— 32Appendix 3: How a budget matrix works———————————————————— 34Appendix 4: Resources on participatory budgeting———————————————— 37  Bringing budgets alive: participatory budgeting in practice 4 1. INTRODUCTION Participatory budgeting (PB) is a new way of involvingcommunities in service planning and delivery in localgovernment. Developed overseas, it has many lessonsfor the UK, where it is still in its early stages. Thisdocument follows on from Breathing life intodemocracy: the power of participatory budgeting  ,which explains the background, context, and benefitsof participatory budgeting. This report describes how Community Pride Initiative have tried touse the principles of participatory budgeting, as developed in Brazil,to improve the way public money is used in Greater Manchester. Itoutlines how to create added value from adopting participatorybudgeting ideas and shows that it is possible to operate participatorybudgets using no more than a few per cent of the annual revenuebudget of a Local Authority. With a positive approach, that moneycan bring about substantial changes in established ways of working.It outlines the necessary preconditions for participatory budgeting,and gives a detailed outline of how it works in practice, describingthe key elements and stages of a participatory budgeting process. We believe broader  participation in budgetsetting is essential  for effective, democratic and relevant localgovernance. COMMUNITYPRIDEINITIATIVE , MANCHESTER ”“”””“““ COMMENTS ON PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING  Being a participatory government doesn’t mean that representativedemocracy is denied. In Porto Alegre participatory budgeting hasbrought new life to this process. It has re-oxygenated democracy. EDUARDOMANCUSO , SECRETARYFORINTERNATIONALRELATIONS , PORTOALEGRE What’s new about PB is that there is a process of consultation fromstart to finish. It doesn’t matter if just a few people come at the start,interest will grow as services develop. LUCIANOBRUNET , AMEMBEROFTHEWORKERSPARTY ( PT ) WHICHINTRODUCEDPARTICIPATORYBUDGETING 1 The main strength of PB seems to be the inclusion of marginalised people and communities… into the political process for the first time… CELINASOUZA , UNIVERSITYOFSAOPAULOINBRAZIL 1 From interviews with CPI
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