Civil Procedure 2nd Set (Depositions to Last )

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Civil Procedure
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  -DEPOSITIONS PENDING ACTIONS-DEPOSITIONS BEFORE ACTION OF PENDING APPEAL-INTERROGATIONS TO PARTIES- ADMISSION BY ADVERSE PARTY-PRODUCTION OR INSPECTION OF DOCUMENTS OR THINGS-PHYSICAL AND MENTAL EXAMINATION OF PERSONS- REFUSAL TO COMPLY WITH MODES OF DISCOVERYTRIAL - What is trial - Or!r # trial - C $s liati $ r s!%!ra$&! - Trial '( & ))issi $!r CONSOLIDATION OR SEVERANCE - What is & $s liati $ - P*r+ s! # C $s liati $ - Wh!$ is & $s liati $ +r +!r  - What is s!%!ra$&! - Wh!$ is s!%!ra$&! +r +!r  FIRST DIVISION  [ G.R. No. 69260, December 22, 1989 ] MUNICIPALITY OF BIÑAN, PETITIONER, VS. HON. JOSE MAR GARCIA, JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT AT BIñAN, LAGUNA (BRANCH XXIV, REGION IV), AND ERLINDA FRANCISCO, RESPONDENTS. D E C I S I O N  NARVASA, J.: Thr!! ,. /*!sti $s ar! r!s l%! i$ th! a&ti $ # ce! #$    at 'ar0 Th! #irst is 1h!th!r th! s+!&ial &i%il a&ti $ # !)i$!$t  )ai$ *$!r R*l! 23 # th! R*l!s # C *rt is a &as!41h!r!i$ )*lti+l! a++!als ar! all 1!54 678  as r!9ars 1hi&h 4th! +!ri  # a++!al shall'! thirt( 6:8 a(s54 6;8  i$st!a # #i#t!!$ ,7<. a(s0 68  Th! s!& $ is 1h!th!r r $ t th!Trial C *rt )a( tr!at th! 4) ti $ t is)iss4 #il! '( $! # th! !#!$a$ts i$ th! a&ti $ # !)i$!$t  )ai$ as a ) ti $ t is)iss *$!r R*l! 72 # th! R*l!s # C *rt5 r!%!rs!th! s!/*!$&! # trial i$ r!r a$ h!ar a$ !t!r)i$! sai ) ti $ t is)iss5 a$th!r!a#t!r is)iss th! !=+r +riati $ s*it as a9ai$st th! ) %a$t0 A$ th! thir is 1h!th!r  r $ t a 4l &ati $al &l!ara$&!4 iss*! '( th! H*)a$ S!ttl!)!$t R!9*lat r( C ))issi $r!lati%! t *s! # la$ is a 'ar t a$ !=+r +riati $ s*it i$% l%i$9 that la$0Th! !=+r +riati $ s*it i$% l%! i$ this ce! #$    +r &!!i$9 1as & ))!$&! '(& )+lai$t # th! M*$i&i+alit( #Bi>a$5 La9*$a5 6?8  #il! i$ th! R!9i $al Trial C *rt # La9*$a a$ Cit( # Sa$ Pa'l 5 +r!si! %!r '( r!s+ $!$t @*9! @ s! Mar Gar&ia0 Th! & )+lai$t $a)! as !#!$a$ts th! 1$!rs # !l!%!$ ,77. aa&!$t+ar&!ls # la$ i$Bi>a$ 1ith a$ a99r!9at! ar!a # a' *t !l!%!$ a$ a hal# ,77-7;.h!&tar!s0 Th! la$ s *9ht t '! !=+r +riat! 1as i$t!$! # r *s! as th! $!1 sit! # a) !r$ +*'li& )ar!t a$ th! a&/*isiti $ 1as a*th ri! '( a r!s l*ti $ # th! Sa$99*$ia$9 Ba(a$ # Bi>a$ a++r %! $ A+ril 775 70O$! # th! !#!$a$ts 1as Erli$a Fra$&is& 0 Sh! #il! a 4M ti $ t Dis)iss4 at! A*9*st ;25 75 $ th! # ll 1i$9 9r *$s ,a. th! all!9ati $s # th! & )+lai$t ar!%a9*! a$ & $!&t*ral ,'. th! & )+lai$t %i lat!s th! & $stit*ti $al li)itati $s # la1 a$ *ris+r*!$&! $ !)i$!$t  )ai$ ,&. it is ++r!ssi%! ,. it is 'arr! '( +ri r !&isi $a$ is+ siti $ $ th! s*'!&t )att!r a$ ,!. it stat!s $ &a*s! # a&ti $07 N 15 h!r 4) ti $ t is)iss4 1as #il! +*rs*a$t t S!&ti $ 5 R*l! 23 # th! R*l!s # C *rt4SEC0 0 De%e&'e' $& #*ec! #&' 0 - Withi$ th! ti)! s+!&i#i! i$ th! s*)) $s5 !a&h!#!$a$t5 i$ li!* # a$ a$s1!r5 shall +r!s!$t i$ a si$9l! ) ti $ t is)iss r # r th!r a++r +riat! r!li!#5 all # his '!&ti $s a$ !#!$s!s t th! ri9ht # th! +lai$ti## t ta! his+r +!rt( # r th! *s! r +*r+ s! s+!&i#i! i$ th! & )+lai$t0 All s*&h '!&ti $s a$  !#!$s!s $ t s +r!s!$t! ar! 1ai%!0 A & +( # th! ) ti $ shall '! s!r%! $ th!+lai$ti##s att r$!( # r!& r a$ #il! 1ith th! & *rt 1ith th! +r # # s!r%i&!04H!r 4) ti $ t is)iss4 1as th*s a&t*all( a +l!ai$95 tai$9 th! +la&! # a$ a$s1!r i$a$ ri$ar( &i%il a&ti $; it 1as $ t a$ ri$ar( ) ti $ 9 %!r$! '( R*l! 7<5 r a4) ti $ t is)iss4 1ithi$ th! & $t!)+lati $ # R*l! 72 # th! R*l!s # C *rt0O$ O&t '!r ;5 75 r!s+ $!$t @*9! iss*! a 1rit # + ss!ssi $ i$ #a% r # th! +lai$ti## M*$i&i+alit(0O$ F!'r*ar( 5 7?5 Erli$a Fra$&is& #il! a 4M ti $ # r S!+arat! Trial54 i$% i$9S!&ti $ ;5 R*l! 70 Sh! all!9! that th!r! ha alr!a( '!!$ $ littl! !la( i$ 'ri$9i$9all th! !#!$a$ts 1ithi$ th! & *rtJs *risi&ti $5 a$ s )! # th! !#!$a$ts s!!)!4$ $&hala$t r 1ith *t s+!&ial i$t!r!st i$ th! &as!4 i# $ t )!r! 4#r!! ri!rs4 a$ 41hil!th! &a*s! # a&ti $ a$ !#!$s!s ar! 'asi&all( th! sa)!54 sh! ha5 a) $9 th!r !#!$s!s5 4a & $stit*ti $al !#!$s! # %!st! ri9ht %ia a +r!-!=isti$9a++r %! L &ati $al Cl!ara$&! #r ) th! H0S0R0C0?4 U$til this &l!ara$&! 1as r!% !5Fra$&is& & $t!$!5 r th! M*$i&i+alit( ha s*')itt! a$ 'tai$! a++r %al # a4r! $i$9 # th! l ts i$ /*!sti $54 it 1as +r!)at*r! # r it t 4#il! a &as! # r !=+r +riati $04< Th! C *rt 9ra$t! th! ) ti $0 B( Or!r at! Mar&h ;5 7?5 itir!&t! that 4a s!+arat! trial '! h!l # r !#!$a$t Erli$a Fra$&is& r!9ari$9 h!r s+!&ial !#!$s!s )!$ti $! i$ h!r KK M ti $ # r S!+arat! Trial a$ i$ h!r M ti $ t Dis)iss5 isti$&t #r ) a$ s!+arat! #r ) th! !#!$s!s & )) $l( rais! '( all th!!#!$a$ts i$ th!ir r!s+!&ti%! ) ti $s t is)iss04 At th! s!+arat! trial5 th! Fis&al5 i$ r!+r!s!$tati $ # th! M*$i&i+alit( &all! th! TrialC *rtJs att!$ti $ t th! irr!9*larit( # all 1i$9 Fra$&is& t +r!s!$t h!r !%i!$&! ah!a # th! +lai$ti##5 4+*tti$9 th! &art '!# r! th! h rs!5 as it 1!r!04 H! ar9*! that th! ) ti $t is)iss 1as i$ tr*th a$ a$s1!r5 &iti$9 R*ral Pr 9r!ss A)i$istrati $ %0 @*9! !G*)a$5 a$ its #ili$9 i 4$ t )!a$ that th! r!r # +r!s!$tati $ # !%i!$&! 1ill '!r!%!rs!54 '*t th! *s*al +r &!*r! sh *l '! # ll 1! a$ th! !%i!$&! a*&!sh *l '! !!)! 4!%i!$&! $l( # r th! ) ti $ # r r!& $si!rati $ # th! 1rit # + ss!ssi $047N!%!rth!l!ss5 at th! h!ari$9s # Mar&h <5 a$ Mar&h ;25 7?5 th! C *rt ir!&t!Fra$&is& t & ))!$&! th! +r!s!$tati $ # !%i!$&!0 Fra$&is& +r!s!$t! th!t!sti) $( # Att(0 @ s*! L0 @ r%i$a5 @r0 a$ &!rtai$ !=hi'its -- th! La$ Us! Ma+ # th!M*$i&i+alit( # Bi>a$5 th! L &ati $al Cl!ara$&! a$ D!%!l +)!$t P!r)it iss*! '( th!HSRC i$ #a% r # 4Erli$a Fra$&is& & F!rli$s R!alt(  D!%!l +)!$t C r+ rati $5 a$E=!&*ti%! Or!r N 0 2? a$ L!tt!r # I$str*&ti $s N 0 3;5 !t&0 Th!r!a#t!r5 th!  r!s+ $!$t @*9! iss*! a$ Or!r at! @*l( ;?5 7? is)issi$9 th! & )+lai$t 4asa9ai$st !#!$a$t ERLINDA FRANCISCO54 a$ a)!$i$9 th! Writ # P ss!ssi $ at!O&t '!r 75 7 s as t 4!=&l*! th!r!#r ) a$ #r ) its # r&! a$ !##!&ts sai!#!$a$t KK a$ h!r +r +!rt( KK04 His H $ r # *$ that -7. a L &ati $al Cl!ara$&! ha '!!$ iss*! $ Ma( ?5 7 '( th! H*)a$ S!ttl!)!$tsR!9*lat r( C ))issi $ t th! 4F!rli$Js R!alt( KK 1$! '( !#!$a$t Erli$a Fra$&is& t & $%!rt KK ,h!r. l t t a & ))!r&ial & )+l!=4;. a&& ri$9 t th! t!sti) $( # Att(0 @ r%i$a # th! HSRC5 4a 9ra$t!! # a l &ati $al &l!ara$&! a&/*ir!s a %!st! ri9ht %!r th! s*'!&t +r +!rt( i$ th! s!$s! thatK K sai +r +!rt( )a( $ t '! s*'!&t # a$ a++li&ati $ # r l &ati $al&l!ara$&! '( a$ th!r a++li&a$t 1hil! sai l &ati $al &l!ara$&! is s*'sisti$94. s*&h a &l!ara$&! sh *l '! 4& $si!r! as a !&isi $ a$ is+ siti $ # +ri%at!+r +!rt( & -!/*al 1ith r i$ +arit( 1ith a is+ siti $ # +ri%at! +r +!rt( thr *9h !)i$!$t )ai$4?. th! &l!ara$&! 1as th!r!# r! 4a l!9al 'ar a9ai$st th! ri9ht # +lai$ti## M*$i&i+alit( K K t !=+r +riat! th! sai +r +!rt(04Th! M*$i&i+alit( #il! $ A*9*st 735 7? a M ti $ # r R!& $si!rati $0 Th!r!i$ it ,a.r!it!rat! its & $t!$ti $ r!s+!&ti$9 th! irr!9*larit( # th! r!%!rsal # th! r!r # trial5 '+$, ; ,'. !&ri! th! a&t # th! C *rt i$ & $si!ri$9 th! &as! s*')itt! # r !&isi $ a#t!r th! +r!s!$tati $ # !%i!$&! '( Fra$&is& 1ith *t s!tti$9 th! &as! # r #*rth!r h!ari$9 # r th! r!&!+ti $ # th! +lai$ti##s 1$ +r #s5 ,&. + i$t! *t that asa)itt! '( Att(0 @ r%i$a5 th! l &ati $al&l!ara$&! i $ t 4)!a$ that th!r +!rs $s ar!alr!a( +r!%!$t! #r ) #ili$9 l &ati $al &l!ara$&! # r th! sa)! +r !&t5 a$ s & *l $ t'! & $si!r! a 'ar t !=+r +riati $5 ,. ar9*! that th! l &ati $al &l!ara$&!5 iss*! $Ma( ?5 75 '!&a)! a 41 rthl!ss sh!!t # +a+!r4 $! (!ar lat!r5 $ Ma( ?5 7? i$a&& ra$&! 1ith th! !=+li&it & $iti $ i$ th! &l!ara$&! that it 4shall '! & $si!r!a*t )ati&all( r!% ! it $ t *s! 1ithi$ a +!ri  # $! ,7. (!ar #r ) at! # iss*!54 th!r!/*ir! )*$i&i+al +!r)its t +*t *+ th! & ))!r&ial & )+l!= $!%!r ha%i$9 '!!$ 'tai$! '( Fra$&is&  a$ ,!. all!9! that all l!9al r!/*ir!)!$ts # r th! !=+r +riati $ # th! +r +!rt( ha '!!$ *l( & )+li! 1ith '( th! M*$i&i+alit(07Th! M*$i&i+alit( s!t its ) ti $ # r r!& $si!rati $ # r h!ari$9 $ A*9*st ;5 7? a#t!r #*r$ishi$9 Fra$&is& Js & *$s!l 1ith & +( th!r! #0 Th! C *rt h 1!%!r r!-s&h!*l! th!h!ari$9 ) r! tha$ t1 ,;. ) $ths lat!r5 $N %!)'!r ;:5 7?0; Wh( th! h!ari$9 1asr!s!t t s*&h a r!) t! at! is $ t !=+lai$!0O$ S!+t!)'!r 75 7?5 Fra$&is& #il! a$ 4E=-Part! M ti $ # r E=!&*ti $ a$ r Fi$alit( # Or!r54 & $t!$i$9 that th! Or!r # @*l( ;35 7? ha '!& )! 4#i$al
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