Community Participation and Institutional Experiences in School Education: School development and monitoring\rcommittees in Karnataka

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This study looks at how although India had implemented the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act in 2009 (so that all children aged 6-14 years old have free education), the Act has not been fully engaged to support children until the age of 18. Although this paper states that there are flaws in the RTE Act, it must not be dropped entirely – instead changes must be made hand in hand with local communities to allow for a strengthened and more successful implementation of the Act at both local and national levels. The paper outlines what community participation involves, what forms of community participation are available and appropriate in education, and how the Act began and has evolved. It offers authentic case studies involving members of different Indian communities engaged in the movement. The paper finally proposes five ways forward: policy changes
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  a   Community Participation and Institutional Experiences in School Education: School Development and Monitoring Committees in Karnataka  b   Author: Niranjanaradhya. V. PCentre for Child and the LawNational Law School of India UniversityBangalore© Oxfam India February 2014This publication is copyright but the text may be used free of charge for the purposes of advocacy, campaigning, education, and research, provided that the source is acknowledged in full. The copyright holder requests that all such use be registered with them for impact assessment purposes. For copying in any other circumstances, permission must be secured. E-mail: policy@oxfamindia.org/Published by Oxfam India: 4th and 5th Floor, Shriram Bharatiya Kala Kendra, 1, Copernicus Marg, New Delhi 110001 Tel: +91 (0) 11 4653 8000 www.oxfamindia.orgOxfam IndiaOxfam India, a fully independent Indian organization, is a member of an international confederation of 17 organisations. The Oxfams are rights-based organizations, which fight poverty and injustice by linking grassroots interventions, to local, national, and global polic developments.For further information please write to: policy@oxfamindia.org, or visit our website: www.oxfamindia.org.  Glossary iiPreface iiiAcknowledgment ivChapter-1: Community Participation in Education 1.1 Back to Basics: What is community participation? 1 1.2 Community Participation in Education 2 1.3 Evolution of Education as a Fundamental Right 3 1.4 The Right to Education Act and the School Management Committee (SMC) 4Chapter-2: School Development and monitoring Committees: Experiences from Karnataka 2.1 Methodology for the Study 5 2.2 Evolution of SDMC and Role of CCL-National Law School of India University in the Process 5 2.3 Conceptualization of School Development and Monitoring Committee (SDMC) Policy by the State 5 2.4 Composition of SDMCs 6 2.5 Translation of SDMC Concept into Practice Through an Executive Order 6 2.6 Procedure Followed to Constitute SDMC at School Level 6 2.7 Challenges Faced During this Process 7 2.8 Formation of State Level SDMC Coordination Forum 8 2.9 Role of People’s Politics to Counter Mainstream Party Politics 8 2.10 Process of Capacity Building 8 2.11 Lessons Learned from the First State Level Round Table of SDMC Coordination Forum 9 2.12 Modification of Policy to Address the Problems Raised in the First State Level round table 10 2.13 Modified Byelaws were Challenged in the High Court 11 2.14 Implementation of the SDMC Provisions 11 2.15 SDMC Working Relationship with Karnataka State Primary School Teachers Association 11Chapter-3:   Impact and Institutional Experiences of SDMCs in School Education in Karnataka State 3.1 The Structure and Functioning of the SDMCs 12 3.2 The Roles played by the SDMCs 13Chapter-4: Conclusion and Recommendations 15Annexures 18REFERENCES 21  ii Glossary APSA Association for Promotion of Social Action BRP Block Resource PersonBRC Block Resource Coordinator BEO Block Education OfficerCRC Cluster Resource PersonCCL-NLSIU Centre for Child and the Law –National Law School of India University CAC-GP Civic Amenities Committee CACL-K Campaign against Child Labour-Karnataka CABE Central Advisory Board of Education DPEP District Primary Education Programme DIET District Institute of Education and Training EFA Education for All F&CE Free and Compulsory Education FGD Focused Group Discussion GP Gram Panchayat MLAs Members of Legislative Assembly NGOs Non -Governmental Organizations PTA Parents-Teachers AssociationPRI Panchayati Raj Institutions RTE Right to Education SMC School Management Committee SDMC School Development and Monitoring Committee SDMCCF School Development and Monitoring Committee Coordination Forum SHGs Self Help GroupsSBCs School Betterment committee TFE Task Force on Education TLE Teaching Learning Equipment UEE Universal Elementary Education UNESCO United Nation Educational, Scientific Cultural Organization VEC Village Education Committee ZP Zilla Panchayat
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