Conflict's Children: The human cost of small arms in Kitgum and Kotido, Uganda

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Besides security organs of the Ugandan Government, there are a number of armed groups operating with impunity in Kitgum and Kotido districts. These are the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), Boo-Kec (which means 'bitter vegetable'), and the Jie and Dodoth warriors. These armed groups principally use AK47s, sourced mainly from Sudan. There is at least one gun per family of five among the Jie and Dodoth pastoralists. The human cost of small arms among the vulnerable groups of Kitgum and Kotido hasbeen high. Children have been particularly affected and traumatised by the insecureconditions in which they live. In addition to those who have been abducted, manychildren have been denied their right to enjoy a good early-childhood developmentenvironment in which they are given a basic education, access to health and recreationalfacilities, and good nutrition. In LRA attacks and cattle raids, children have been killedor injured in cross fire or burnt in houses. Those who survive are exposed to all forms ofchild abuse, hunger, and starvation. Orphaned children are more vulnerable to povertyand are forced into early child labour or are obliged to become heads of households at a young age.
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  January 2001 Conflict’s Children:the human cost ofsmall arms in Kitgum and Kotido,Uganda A case study  Conflict’s Children: the human cost ofsmall arms in Kitgum and Kotido,Uganda 1 Table ofContents Maps of Uganda and of administrative boundaries of Kitgum and Kotido DistrictsMethodology, constraints, and a note about the researchers 1/ Executive Summary2/ Proliferation of small arms in Kitgum and Kotido Districts BackgroundGeneral situationTypes and sources of small arms 3/ Impact on general population DisplacementsDeaths/injuriesAbductions and returneesOther violations of human rights 4/ Impact on vulnerable groups ChildrenWomen and menYoung people and elderly people 5/ Impact on the social sector EducationHealth 6/ Other impacts Food suppliesThe balance of power 7/ Conclusion Appendix 1 Selected information on Kotido and Kitgum DistrictsAppendix 2 Selected socio-economic indicators for Kotido and Kitgum DistrictsAppendix 3 Selected testimonies on violations of human rights by LRA, Boo-Kec, UPDF, and cattle rustlersAppendix 4 Questionnaire on the impact of small arms on the population in Kitgum andKotido Districts, January 2001Appendix 5 List of the interviewees from Kitgim and Kotido Cover photograph: GeoffSayer/Oxfam  Conflict ’ s Children: the human cost ofsmall arms in Kitgum and Kotido,Uganda 2 Abbreviations AAA Agro-action Allemande (Welthungershilfe) AFDL Alliance des Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Congo ALTI Aide aux Lépreux et Tuberculeux de l’Ituri APC Armée du Peuple Congolaise CAC Communauté Anglicane du Congo CME Centre Médical Evangélique COOPI International Cooperation of the Italian Government CUEB Centre Universitaire de Bunia DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo Ex-FAZ Ex-Forces Armée Zaíroise FAC Force Armée Congolaise FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross IDP Internally Displaced Person MLC Mouvement de Libération du Congo MONUC Mission de l’organisation des Nations Unies au Congo MSF Médecins Sans Frontières NALU National Army for the Liberation of Uganda NGO Non-governmental Organisation NRM National Resistance Movement OCHA Office for the co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs OMS Organisation Mondiale de la Santé PEV Programme Enlargi de Vaccination RCD Rassemblement des Congolais pour la Démocratie RCD/ML RCD/Mouvement de Libération RDC République Démocratique du Congo RPA Rwandese Patriotic Front UPDF Uganda People’s Defence Force WHO World Health Organisation  Conflict ’ s Children: the human cost ofsmall arms in Kitgum and Kotido,Uganda 3Bunia Map ofUganda
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