Cultura de Paz Folleto

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Folleto reciente de cultura de paz, por la UNESCO
     U   N   E  S  C  O -  m  a   i  n  s  t  r  e  a  m   i  n  g  the culture of peace    ‘ ‘ The United Nations and UNESCO were founded to bring about a world atpeace. Peace is more than an absence of war. It means justice and equityfor all as the basis for living together in harmony and free from violence,now, but even more so for our children and succeeding generations. TheGeneral Assembly has designated 2001–2010 as the International Decadefor a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World.This decade will provide a unique opportunity to translate solemndeclarations and good intentions into reality. We always must renew ourshared pledge to attain this goal: a world at peace with itself in a newcentury and a new millennium.By focusing on our children, we implicitly pledge ourselves to educationfor all, a concept that combines formal and non-formal education andseeks to promote quality basic education that is grounded upon theuniversal values – and practice – of a culture of peace and non-violence.Such a task must engage every one of our fellow citizens in alldimensions of life: in schools, workplaces, the home; at the national andat the community levels; in the public, private and voluntary sectors.Above all, children themselves must be empowered to become actors, not mere spectators, in shaping their own visions and futures. . . .A global movement in the finest sense is emerging: a marshalling of allexisting forces for social improvement arising from the world’s civilsocieties and a mobilization of their energies, ideas and commitments.Such a movement must enjoy full support from both the United Nationsfamily and all Member States. It will be one avenue for harnessing theforces of globalization for the common good and for a better and morehumane world.Peace can be at hand; it is in our hands.Koïchiro Matsuura Today, more than ever,a culture of peace  2 1989   The concept of a ‘culture of peace’ was formulated at the International Congress onPeace in the Minds of Men, held in Côte d’Ivoire. The congress recommended thatUNESCO ‘help construct a new vision of peace by developing a peace culture basedon the universal values of respect for life, liberty, justice, solidarity, tolerance, humanrights and equality between men and women’. This initiative took root in aninternational context influenced by the fall of the Berlin Wall and the disappearanceof Cold War tensions. 1992   UNESCO’s Executive Board requests a specific programme for a Culture of Peace as a contribution to United Nations peacekeeping efforts. UNESCO offers its services in post-conflict peace-building. National programmes are undertaken in a number ofcountries of Central America (El Salvador) and Africa (Mozambique, Burundi), and in the Philippines. 1994   The first International Forum on the Culture of Peace is held in San Salvador (El Salvador). 1995   The 28th General Conference of UNESCO introduces the concept of ‘Culture of Peace’ in the Medium-Term Strategy for 1996–2001 (28 C/4). 1996–2001  The transdisciplinary project Towards a Culture of Peace is implemented in accordance with the 28 C/4 document. NGOs, associations, young people and adults, medianetworks, community radios and religious leaders working for peace, non-violence and tolerance become actively involved in fostering a culture of peace worldwide. 1997   Recognizing the importance of UNESCO’s experience with a Culture of Peace, the United Nations General Assembly at its 52nd session establishes a separate agenda item entitled ‘Towards a Culture of Peace’. The General Assembly also responds to the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), proclaiming 2000 as the International Year for the Culture of Peace. ‘  ‘ The purpose of the Organization is to contribute to peace and security bypromoting collaboration among the nations through education, science andculture in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of lawand for human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for thepeoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion. Constitution of UNESCO, 1945, Article 1 The evolution of a new concept:the culture of peace  3 1998   At its 53rd session, the United Nations General Assembly (resolution A/53/25) decides to proclaim the decade of 2001–2010 ‘International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World’, based on a proposal made by Nobel PeacePrize laureates. The UNESCO Executive Board, meeting in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, at its155th session in November 1998, adopts the Tashkent Declaration on the culture ofpeace and UNESCO’s action in Member States. 1999   The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Declaration and Programme of Actionon a Culture of Peace (resolution A/53/243) defining eight action areas (see p. 5) to belinked through the concept of a culture of peace and non-violence into a single coherentapproach. 2000   Observation of the International Year for the Culture of Peace as decided by the UnitedNations General Assembly, with UNESCO designated as Focal Point:  A public awareness campaign was launched, based on Manifesto 2000 , a personalcommitment drafted by a group of Nobel Peace Prize laureates. This common pledge to observe and put into practice in daily life the universal principles of a culture ofpeace and non-violence was signed by over 75 million people (more than one per centof world population) during the year.  Actions for a culture of peace in the eight action areas defined by the United Nationswere promoted through a variety of events and long-term projects.  Communication and information tools were developed for better interaction, such asthe establishment of the interactive culture of peace website, guidelines for FocalPoints for the implementation of the International Year, along with a logo,communications tools and materials, and other products.The result of the International Year for the Culture of Peace was the emergence of a globalmovement involving thousands of national and local organizations and more than 75 millionindividuals, along with the National Commissions for UNESCO, UNESCO’s Field Offices andsome 200 international NGOs. The idea to use the term culture of peace was inspired by an educational initiative called Cultura de paz  developed in Peru (1986), and by the Seville Statement on Violence (1986)adopted by scientists from around the world, which stated that war is not a fatality determinedby genes, violent brains, human nature or instincts, but is rather a social invention. Therefore, ‘the same species that invented war is capable of inventing peace’.Download the Seville Statement: This symbol, used for the International Year forCulture of Peace, created by Barbara Blickleand designed by Luis Sarda, graphicallyillustrates the culture of peace. Two interlacedhands, perhaps representing exchange andagreement, combine with two undefined pointsor spots to create four elements that overlapand intermingle, producing a rhythmic interplayand a mixture of colours. The observer is freeto interpret the elements as continents,individuals, groups, cities, hemispheres . . .
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