Delivering Education For All In Mali

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Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world, and, despite indisputable improvements in getting more children into school in the last two decades, the goal of guaranteeing a quality education for all Malian children by 2015 is still far off. Nearly 900,000 Malian children aged seven to 12 are out of school, most of them girls. Moreover, those children that are in school often get a poor education because of large classes, poor infrastructure, lack of materials, and, in particular, a lack of trained teachers. Oxfam estimates a current gap of more than 45,000 trained teachers. The result is that less than one quarter of Malian young people and adults, can read and write, the lowest adult literacy rate anywhere in the world. The government has made efforts to improve the education system, but needs to go further to develop and implement a relevant and publicly-supported curriculum
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  Delivering Education For All in Mali Caroline Pearce, Sébastien Fourmy, and Hetty Kovach Oxfam International Katie     OXFAM RESEARCH REPORT    Contents Acronyms........................................................................................................................3   Mali key facts: statistics and timelines.....................................................................4   Executive summary.......................................................................................................7   1 Introduction...............................................................................................................10   2 The state of education in Mali...............................................................................12   3 Key barriers to quality education..........................................................................15   4 Government policy, practice, and finance...........................................................21   5 The role of donors....................................................................................................27   6 Conclusion and challenges.....................................................................................35   Annexes.........................................................................................................................37   Notes..............................................................................................................................43   Delivering Education For All in Mali , Oxfam International Research Report, June 2009 2  Acronyms AfDB African Development Bank AfDF African Development Fund (a lending instrument of the AfDB) ANICT National Investment Agency for Local Government (Agence National d’Investissement des Collectivités Territoriales) CAS Country Assistance Strategy (World Bank) CPIA Country Policy and Institutional Assessment C-SCO-EPT Coalition of Civil Society Organisations for Education For All in Mali EC European Commission EU European Union FCFA Franc   Communauté   Financière   Africaine   (West   African   franc)  GBS General budget support GDP Gross domestic product GoM Government of Mali GPRSP Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (Cadre Stratégique de Croissance et de Réduction de la Pauvreté) – Mali’s second-generation PRSP HIPC Highly indebted poor countries IFI International financial institution IFM Institut de Formation des Maîtres (Teacher Training Institute) IMF International Monetary Fund MDRI Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative MEN Mali Ministry of National Education MTEF Medium-Term Expenditure Framework (of Mali MEN) NGO Non-government organisation ODA Official development assistance OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PISE Education Sector Investment Programme (Programme d’Investissment Sectoriel de l’Education) PRGF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (policy loan of the IMF) PRODEC Ten-Year Education Development Programme (Programme Décennal de Développement de l'Education) PRSC Poverty Reduction Strategy Credit (policy loan of the World Bank) SARPE Alternative Teaching Staff Recruitment Strategy (Stratégie Alternative de Recrutement de Personnel d’Enseignement) SBS Sector budget support SWAp Sector-wide approach UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund Delivering Education For All in Mali , Oxfam International Research Report, June 2009 3  Mali key facts: statistics and timelines 1 Social statistics (all 2008 unless otherwise stated) Total population estimate (2007) 12.34 million. 2   Percentage of population aged under 15 (2005) 48% (5,921,760) 3   Percentage of population below poverty line 54% below $1.25 a day; 77% below $2 a day; 64% below national poverty line 4  [National poverty line = FCFA 420 a day (€0.64; $0.85)] 5 Number of school-age children 7–15 years old 3,181,749 (2,279,587 7–12 year olds, 902,162 13–15 year olds) 6 Human Development Index Ranked 168 out of 179 7 Primary net enrolment rate (percentage of children aged 7–12 in school) 61% (68% boys, 53.9% girls) 8 Number of children aged 7–12 not in primary school 891,225: of whom 532,687 (60%) are girls, and 358,538 (40%) are boys. 9 Number of students in public primary school 1,101,341 (322,597 urban, 778,744 rural). Girls are 45.6% (501,788) of this number overall (48.8% in urban areas, 44.2% in rural areas). 10 Number of primary school students in all schools (public, private, community and medersa) 1,823,037 (568,350 urban, 1,254,687 rural). Girls are 44.8% (1,005,673) of this number overall (48.5% in urban areas, 43.2% in rural areas). 11   Number of students in public secondary school 351, 737 (142,882 urban, 208,855 rural). Girls are 39.2% (137,878) of this number overall (45.4% in urban areas, 35% in rural areas). 12   Number of secondary school students in all schools (public, private, community and medersa) 422,125 (195,457 urban, 226,668 rural). Girls are 39.6% of this number overall (45.1% in urban areas, 34.8% in rural areas). Secondary net enrolment rate (percentage of children aged 13–15 in school) 7% (8.2% of boys, and 5.8% of girls) 13   Percentage of adults in Mali who can read and write 23% 14   Teacher/pupil ratio (primary) 1: 51 overall, or 1:64 in public schools (exceeds 1:100 in some cases) If only trained teachers are counted, 1:105 overall, or 1:81 in public schools 15   Number of extra teachers required to provide universal primary education 27,250 new teachers, or 45,350 including both new teachers needing to be recruited and existing teachers who need to be trained 16 Number of primary schools with separate latrines for girls 13.6% 17 Government current expenditure on education per person $24 (FCFA 10,834; €17) 18   Delivering Education For All in Mali , Oxfam International Research Report, June 2009 4
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