Ending Violence Against Women: An Oxfam guide | Violence Against Women

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Violence against women and girls (VAW) is a global epidemic: according to UN estimates, one in three women worldwide has experienced physical or sexual violence because she is a woman. Oxfam views VAW as human-rights violation and as a major obstacle to women
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    Ending Violence Against Women  | OXFAM i   ENDING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN An Oxfam Guide  ii OXFAM | Ending Violence Against Women    Ending Violence Against Women  | OXFAM 3   Contents Key Oxfam policy documents and more comprehensive resources, such as the UN WOMEN Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence against women and Girls, are listed in the annex.Why do we work on Violence against women? ………………………………………………………………3What is Violence against women? ……………………………………………………………………………………4  Key Concepts: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………4 What Are the Causes of Violence against women? ………………………………………………5 What Does Oxfam Do to End Violence against women? …………………………………………………7  A Priority Theme for Oxfam ………………………………………………………………………………………7 A Rights-Based, Transformative Approach ……………………………………………………………8 What does “rights-based and transformative” mean in practice? ………………………9 Transforming Attitudes and Social norms ………………………………………………………………11 Tracking Change ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………14  Theories of Change ……………………………………………………………………………………………………14 Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL): ……………………………………………………………18 Examples from Oxfam programs: ………………………………………………………………………………19 What Can I Do To End Violence against women? …………………………………………………………20  Oxfam Programs …………………………………………………………………………………………………………20 Inside Oxfam ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………21 Suggestions for Monitoring ……………………………………………………………………………………………25  Implementation of the Oxfam Guide on Ending Violence against women ……………25 Questions and Indicators …………………………………………………………………………………………25 Processes for Monitoring and Experience-Sharing ………………………………………………26 Annexes ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27 Resources …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27 Key Oxfam Internal documents …………………………………………………………………………………27 Other key resources …………………………………………………………………………………………………27The Oxfam International Statement on GBV/VAW …………………………………………………………28 Statement on Support to a Transformative Approach to Ending GBV and VAW ……28The Oxfam Policy Compendium on GBV/VAW …………………………………………………………………31 2. Oxfam’s thematic policy positions on gender equality and women’s rights ……31 2.1 Violence against women and Girls ……………………………………………………………………31What is Violence Against Women? Why does it happen? What does it have to do with development? What does Oxfam do to end violence against women? What does it mean to do that work with a transformative approach?“Ending Violence Against Women: A Guide for Oxfam Staff” is a resource for Oxfam (www.oxfam.org) staff to inform and inspire their work, and to share with partners. It can be read and consulted individually – or used for discussion with peers. The “candid question” and “exercise” boxes offer avenues for such reexion and discussion. While the guide is directed towards internal Oxfam staff, it is available for external distribution as well. This booklet was compiled by Michaela Raab. The guide was commissioned by the Oxfam Gender Justice Program Development and Support Group (GJ PDS), which provides operational leadership and support to the development of gender justice programming and the strengthening of gender justice perspectives and processes in afliate, global, regional and country programmes. Project undertaken with the nancial support of the Government of Canada provided through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)© Oxfam International November 2012  4 OXFAM | Ending Violence Against Women WHY DO WE WORK ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN? A Human Rights Violation And A Barrier To Development Violence against women and girls (VAW) is one of the most rampant human rights violations. According to United Nations estimates, one in three women world-wide has experienced physical or sexual violence because she is a woman 1 . Violence is a major obstacle to women’s and girls’ development, and to the welfare and development of their communities and societies as a whole. Several binding human rights treaties prohibit violence against women. Key international treaties are: ã The 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)ã The 1993 African Union Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa ã The 1994 Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of VAW (“Convention of Belém do Pará”) ã The 2011 Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence ã Three UN Security Council Resolutions (1325, 1820 and 1888) address VAW in armed conict and women’s participation in peace buildingIn 1993, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against women. There have been seminal judgements in international law that remind governments of their responsibility to protect women’s and girls’ rights. For example, the Campo Algodonero Judgment (2009) of the Inter-American Court found that the Mexican government had violated the rights of three young women and their family by failing to prevent their murder. Most governments around the world have passed specic national laws to end violence against women, in particular on domestic violence, sexual assault and sexual harassment, forced and child marriage, sex trafcking, female genital cutting/ mutilation (FGC/M), “honor-“ and dowry-related crimes, and maltreatment of widows. This rich and growing body of legislation has built the legal and political basis for interventions to end violence against women. However, laws are not used systematically, as societies still condone violence. FURTHER READING  A full overview of international and national legislation to end violence against women and girls is available from the UN WOMEN Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence against Women and Girls www.endvawnow.org. Click on “Legislation” for a detailed menu. Oxfam works to end violence against women because it is a human rights violation and a major obstacle to human development. For effective interventions, we need to dene violence against women and understand its main causes. ” Ending violence against women is everyone’s responsibility. ” -UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY-GENERAL BAN KI-MOON IN AN INTERVIEW ON HIS WORLD-WIDE UNITE CAMPAIGN TO END VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN (2010)
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