Even it Up: How to tackle inequality in Vietnam | Economic Inequality | Poverty

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 54
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report
Category:

Documents

Published:

Views: 5 | Pages: 54

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Related documents
Description
Vietnam has a strong record of poverty reduction, but today, increasing inequality is threatening decades of progress. Vietnam’s 210 super-rich earn more than enough in one year to lift 3.2 million people out of poverty and end extreme poverty in Vietnam. Economic inequality is reinforced by inequality of voice and opportunity, with the poorest excluded in favour of the rich. Millions of people
Transcript
  EVEN IT UP  HOW TO TACKLE INEQUALITY IN VIETNAM Vietnam has a strong record of poverty reduction, but today, increasing inequality is threatening decades of progress. Vietnam’s 210 super-rich earn more than enough in one year to lift 3.2 million people out of poverty and end extreme poverty in Vietnam. Economic inequality is reinforced by inequality of voice and opportunity, with the poorest excluded in favor of the rich. Millions of people, ethnic minorities, small scale farmers, migrants and informal workers, and women are more likely to remain poor, excluded from services and political decision making, and continue to face discrimination. To tackle the dangerous gap between rich and poor, Vietnam should urgently implement progressive policies on governance, taxation, public spending, public services, labor rights and civic engagement. Canal Doi - Canal Te, District 8, Ho Chi Minh city. Photo: Adam Patterson LABOR & SOCIAL PUBLISHING HOUSE  Oxfam briefing paper12 January 2017 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF ACRONYMS .....................................................................3SUMMARY ..................................................................................71. GLOBAL AND REGIONAL CONTEXT ...........................................112. DIMENSIONS OF INEQUALITY IN VIETNAM ................................13 Background ......................................................................................................13Economic inequality ........................................................................................13Horizontal inequalities (ethnic and regional inequalities) ..........................16Gender and intersecting inequalities ............................................................19Inequalities of voice and opportunity ...........................................................21Inequalities in education and health ............................................................25 3. POLICIES TO TACKLE INEQUALITY ...........................................28 Progress and Limitations ............ ...................................................................28Looking forward ...............................................................................................29The tax system ................................................................................................30“Socialization” of public services .................................................................33Public spending ..............................................................................................34Employment and wages ..................................................................................37 4. ACTIONS TO REDUCE INEQUALITY ...........................................38ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ..............................................................42REFERENCES ...........................................................................43  Oxfam briefing paper12 January 2017 3 LIST OF ACRONYMS ACFID  Australian Council for International Development ADB Asian Development Bank ADBI  Asian Development Bank Institute ASEAN  The Association of Southeast Asian Nations CIT  Corporate Income Tax CSR  Corporate Social Responsibility DHS The Demographic and Health Surveys EADN  The East Asian Development Network EAP East Asia and Pacific FDI Foreign Direct Investment GDP  Gross Domestic Product GGC  Great Gatsby Curve GSO  General Statistics Office HDI Human Development Index HICs  High Income Countries HIDE  Household Informal Disbursements for Education in Vietnam JCA  Joint Country Analysis LGBT  Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LMICs  Low middle income countries MDRI  Mekong Development Research Institute MOET  Ministry of Education and Training MOF  Ministry of Finance OOP Out of pocket PAHE Partnership for Action in Health Equity PAPI The Vietnam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index PEPFAR  The President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief PIT  Personal Income Tax SCT  Special Consumption Tax SDG  Sustainable Development Goal UMICs  Upper Middle Income Countries UNDP United Nations Development Program UNICEF  The United Nations Children’s Fund USAID  US Agency for International Development VAT Value added tax  Oxfam briefing paper12 January 2017 4 VHLSS  Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey (VHLSS) VND  Vietnamese Dong WiPPA  The Center for Women in Politics and Public Administration WTO  World Trade Organization
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks