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Gender Training Toolkit Second Edition Gender Training Toolkit Second Edition Introduction Section 1 Copyright 2008 by World Vision International. Published by World Vision International, 800 W. Chestnut
Gender Training Toolkit Second Edition Gender Training Toolkit Second Edition Introduction Section 1 Copyright 2008 by World Vision International. Published by World Vision International, 800 W. Chestnut Avenue, Monrovia, CA 91016, U.S.A. Produced by the WVI Gender and Development Department on behalf of the World Vision Partnership. The adapted material is reproduced from the Oxfam Gender Training Manual, 1995, with the permission of Oxfam GB, 274 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 7DZ, UK, Editor in chief: Edna Valdez. Senior editor: Rebecca A. Russell. Production management: Jim McAllister. Copyeditor: Randy Miller. Graphic designer: Judy Walker. Proofreader: RLou Norquist. Photo credits: Marco Cedillo, Karl Grobl, and Edna Valdez for World Vision. Copyright World Vision International Contents Acknowledgements... 3 Foreword... 4 Preface Introduction Why Gender and Development? World Vision s Response: Gender and Development Training Linking the Gender Training Toolkit to World Vision s Integrated Focus: Christian, Child-centered and Community-based... 8 Linking the Gender Training Toolkit to World Vision s Programming Tracks: Transformational Development, HEA and Advocacy... 8 Linking the Gender Training Toolkit to LEAP... 9 Audience for the Gender Training Toolkit Gender Training Toolkit Objectives Gender Training Toolkit Components Core Curriculum in the Gender Training Toolkit Easy Steps for Preparing Your Training Session Helpful Hints for Facilitators Core Curriculum: Descriptions of Modules and Sessions Training Design for the Gender Training Toolkit Module 1 Why Gender and Development (GAD) is important to our work 1.1 World Vision s Mission Statement, Core Values and GAD Policy Module 2 Gender and Biblical Reflection 2.1 From Genesis to Galatians Incarnational Power: The Magnificat Jesus Challenges the Gender Dynamic Gender Imagery in the New Testament Scripture Search in the Community: Using a Gender Lens Module 3 Gender and Development Concepts 3.1 Sex and Gender Roles The Road from WID to GAD: Key Definitions for Gender and Development Practical Gender Needs and Strategic Gender Needs Women s Triple Role Module 4 Gender Analysis Tools 4.1 An Introduction to Gender Analysis Tools Introduction to The Harvard Analytical Framework The Harvard Analytical Framework: Activity Profile 4.4 The Harvard Analytical Framework: Access and Control Profile The Harvard Analytical Framework: Analysis of Factors Influencing Activities, Access and Control The Harvard Analytical Framework: Project Cycle Analysis The Harvard Analytical Framework: Project Application Session The Gender Analysis Matrix Empowerment: Goals, Definitions and Classifications Equality and Empowerment Framework (EEF) Participatory Learning Approach and Gender Analysis The 24-Hour Day Transformational Development Gender-Sensitive Indicators Module 5 Multi-sectoral Gender awareness: Women as peacemakers, Health, Hiv and aids, med, education 5.1 Women as Peacemakers Gender Analysis and Health Gender Analysis and HIV/AIDS Gender Analysis and Microenterprise Development (MED) Gender Analysis and Education Module 6 Girls and Boys as Agents of Change 6.1 Empowering Girls and Boys What Difference Does it Make? Key Concepts, Types, Methods and Guidelines for Full Participation of Girls and Boys Using Gender Analysis with Girls and Boys Module 7 Gender and Advocacy 7.1 GAD and Advocacy in World Vision An Introduction World Vision s Categories of Advocacy Practise Link to Gender Advocacy Module 8 Gender and HEA 8.1 Introduction to Gender and Humanitarian & Emergency Affairs (HEA) Gender Considerations in HEA Programming and Planning The Capacities and Vulnerabilities Framework Appendix: Glossary Acknowledgements I would like to express my deep appreciation to the Gender Training Toolkit Core Working Group for their invaluable input and commitment and to all those who contributed to the research and writing of this Toolkit. The Core Group was comprised of Barbara Frost, Victor Madziakapita, Dilsy Arbutante, Grace Hukom, Clare Seddon, Joyce Jackson, Assan Golowa, Karoline Davis, Albana Dino, Edward Mubiru, Natalia Buratti, Ruthi Hoffman, Annastacia Olembo, Remedios Geraldes, Julienne Mata, Joven Opon, Reynor Imperial and Jerry Gabriel. I am extremely grateful to Barbara Frost who designed the curriculum and the facilitators guide, and who worked closely with me and contributed significantly to the development of this Toolkit. I would also like to thank Patricia Morris and Kebokile Dengu-Zvobgo for their invaluable advice, input and comments on earlier drafts of various modules and sections; and to Jessica Simpson, who contributed to the research and documentation of this Toolkit on earlier drafts of the first edition of this Toolkit. Fatuma Hashi Director, Gender and Development World Vision International 3 Foreword Our Christian foundations and witness, and our learning from World Vision s journey in development lead us to acknowledge our responsibility to fully embrace, model and apply the very best practices in Gender and Development in all our work. This requires that we actively identify and disseminate that learning so we waste no time in sharing our best with those we are called to serve. The following second edition of the Gender and Development (GAD) Training Toolkit encompasses decades of deep field experience, learning from others and our own journey in ever better appreciating the roles and gifts that women and girls, men and boys bring to sustainable development and human transformation. It represents yet another milestone in codifying the insight and progress we have made since World Vision declared its commitment to women in development (WID) in the early 1980s. I encourage all of us to reflect on the theological grounding for transformed gender dynamics and to better understand, model and apply GAD learning in all our work and witness. I want to thank Fatuma Hashi, the Partnership s leader for Gender and Development, for her initiative in leading this second edition, and all those whose field experience, effort and support contributed to the content and production of this toolkit. David Young Senior Vice President Integrated Ministry and Strategy World Vision International 4 Preface World Vision, an international Christian NGO with a commitment to transformational development, recognises gender and development (GAD) as an essential and critical component of its ministry. As a widely referenced social transformation theory, gender and development focuses not on the needs of women and girl children in isolation, but on gender relationships among men and women, boys and girls in the context of their families and communities. In this, GAD theory shares much in common with Christian ideas of reconciliation, justice, and the notion of being co-stewards of God s resources and co-heirs of God s grace. For more than half a century, World Vision has accumulated experience in working with children and families around the world to build hope, to provide sustainable access to food and clean water, to promote MED and provide education and basic health necessities for a better future, and more. Through its work with communities, World Vision has learned that women and girls are often the most marginalized and discriminated against within a given population. Nevertheless, these women and girls hold the keys to the future for their entire communities. If women are literate, their children will be too; if girls are protected and well cared for, boys will be too. Additionally, when women are encouraged in leadership and responsibilities, this new power for transformation inevitably benefits men in their communities as well. And so, for more than a decade, World Vision staff has been accumulating knowledge and experience in gender training and capacity building. In 1992, the World Vision International Board adopted a women in development policy for the entire partnership. In 1997, a gender-focused leadership position was created to implement and support this policy. This policy was revised to reflect the GAD approach in The aim of this Gender Training Toolkit is the systematic integration of gender equality sensitivity, awareness and analysis into World Vision ministry in every area of its work. Gender equity not only affects the outcome and effectiveness of World Vision programs and projects, but it is also a vehicle toward the achievement of a transformed social relations and values within World Vision staff and in the communities where the organisation works. Most importantly, the Gender Training Toolkit gives World Vision staff a holistic understanding of key biblical passages related to gender equity. World Vision staff members in many regions are being trained to use internationally recognised GAD tools such as the Harvard Analytical Framework. However, experience has demonstrated the value of translating some theoretical principles into lay language, as well as a need to contextualise these frameworks and address World Vision s unique ministry. Production of this Toolkit is our attempt to respond to staff needs on the ground and to specific requests for World Vision to produce a user-friendly gender training resource that is in alignment to LEAP. As emphasized in the introduction, the integration of gender equality analysis and principles within each phase of the LEAP Cycle is an important goal in this second edtion of the Gender Training Toolkit. Key GAD concepts support sound conceptualization and rigorous program design within Assessment, Design, Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation and Reflection. Ensuring that Transformational Development Indicators and TD approaches integrate GAD principles, concepts and analysis at each step in a transformational development process is an integral part of the training sessions in this Toolkit. A particular focus on the use of gender analysis tools in Module 4 directly supports the five domains of change as presented in the Transformational Development framework. The Gender Training Toolkit is designed as a resource for staff with training and facilitation skills to use in the training of new trainers and local and regional leaders. Staff can use the Toolkit s contents and exercises in workshops or small group sessions. Such sessions are particularly encouraged for staff who conceptualise, design, oversee, implement, evaluate and promote area development programmes. Participants in gender training workshops may come from diverse organisational units and levels in the organisation s hierarchy. There is something for everyone in this Toolkit, because it is designed to relate to specific and regular practices in the organisation s daily work. This second edition of the Gender Training Toolkit consists of eight modules, with more than 30 individual training sessions. The first module introduces participants to World Vision s policy, mission statement and history regarding GAD. The second module discusses, explores and links gender relations with biblical reflection. The third and fourth modules define and discuss WID and GAD theoretical concepts, introduce gender analysis frameworks/tools and present gender-sensitive 5 indicators. In any community or ADP, specific sectors (health, education, MED, HIV/AIDS) face unique challenges. This is also true as these sectors integrate GAD into their work. In Module Five, the curriculum integrates specific sector needs through use of the gender analysis tools presented in Module Four. Thus, participants are able to assess GAD needs in their sectors and actively address those needs. As this training is focused on transformed gender relations, Module Six participants use their gender lens developed in Modules 1-5 to examine their attitudes towards children and how they can contribute to the sustained well-being of children in the communities in which they work. Modules Seven and Eight are dedicated to Advocacy and HEA to ensure that participants examine the integration of these programming tracks with GAD principles, concepts and analysis. This second edition of the Gender Training Toolkit is a resource for the World Vision Partnership, as well as for any sister agencies who may wish to adapt from these pages. It is my hope that as these ideas are implemented, they will empower our visionary and hard-working staff and contribute to equitable transformations in communities throughout the regions and nations where we work. Fatuma Hashi Director, Gender and Development World Vision International 6 Introduction Why Gender and Development? Of 1.3 billion global citizens living in poverty, a large percentage are women. While statisticians, theoreticians, multi-lateral organisations, NGOs and academics study this phenomenon, the women themselves whose daily lives form the tapestry of this reality have little time or strength for abstract debates regarding their condition. But these women know its many faces: the 18-hour day, the high risk of maternal death, the constant and consistent discrimination, the stretching of dollar-a-day incomes to feed and clothe their families, the bartering of their existence to survive one more day. It has been said, Women hold up half the sky. For millions of women locked in poverty, responsibility for their families and communities well-being does not end just because they encounter unequal access to resources in health, nutrition, education and economic structures. In their ongoing responsibility, the women themselves, their families and their entire communities pay a steep price for constraints and injustices encountered in attempting to provide for basic human needs. Men and women, girls and boys all have a role in working to transform this picture, so that both genders thrive in partnership and in living productive lives. This is the challenge addressed in the Gender Training Toolkit. The road to transformed gender relations Historically, as agencies pioneered development efforts, they overlooked the importance of transformed gender relations and failed to recognise the contributions of both genders. Those designing projects and programmes were often unaware of the impact of the development process on the daily lives of the women and men, boys and girls in the communities in which their organisations worked. When this issue was identified, development researchers began documenting women s and men s contributions as well as constraints. The importance of working towards transformed gender relations emerged as a key competency. Further, both grassroots and academic research began to demonstrate how gender interactions impact the development process. GAD (Gender and Development) became the internationally recognised term for a progressive approach to development that emphasises transformed gender relations and intentionally includes perspectives and experiences of women, men, girls and boys. GAD focuses on ways to ensure that unequal relationships do not prevent equitable and sustainable development. The development research demonstrates that development programmes, policies and projects affect women, men, boys and girls differently and that GAD programmes provide long-lasting effective transformation of communities only when women and men in the communities engage as co-decision makers. When they hear words such as gender equity or gender issues, most people immediately assume this is women s stuff. It is important that we recognise that gender is about relations between men and women, women and women, also between men and men and boys and girls. It is about who we are as men and women and how we are developing all our potential given by God regardless of our sex. Comment By Luis Armenta, Director of Communications, WV Mexico in Volume I, Issue 2 of La Esperanza Christian organisations have a great responsibility to provide leadership in this arena. The highest standards for justice, equity, human dignity and transformed relationships embedded in our faith continually challenge us to improve our efforts and illumine the path for others. As Christians, we believe that female and male are created equally in the image of God. Jesus life and works underscored this reality, as he challenged constraints and cultural restrictions women faced in New Testament times in order to honour and empower both men and women. He continues to do so today. 7 I n t r o d u c t i o n World Vision s Response: Gender and Development Training World Vision s Gender Training Toolkit is a comprehensive response to the global challenge of implementing a GAD focus in World Vision s work. The Toolkit reflects World Vision s ethos, core values and policy. After decades of intentional work and effort amongst the organisation s leadership and staff, women and men in World Vision ADPs (Area Development Programmes) are also beginning to share burdens, ideas and decisions. While many gender training materials developed by other NGOs are available to development practitioners, the World Vision Gender Training Toolkit is a response to specific issues and challenges faced by field staff, especially in the context of a Christian NGO, in daily work. Sessions provided here focus on pragmatic uses of these tools and concepts for World Vision staff at all levels, and adapt several internationally recognised tools. Linking the Gender Training Toolkit to World Vision s Integrated Focus: Christian, Child-Centred and Community-Based Module 2 presents theological grounding for Gender and Development and encourages participants to reflect on Christian perspectives in this development arena. Module 6 looks at roles of both girls and boys as agents of transformation, and helps development workers ensure that they are modelling healthy gender relations in their work as well as enabling full participation by children. Throughout the sessions in this Toolkit, participants are encouraged to ground what they are learning in the context of communities in which they work. Further, gender analysis tools and principles are designed to be shared with communities in each phase of the LEAP cycle. Now, with this knowledge, we will go back to our offices and share it with others. We hope that God will use us to help others understand the importance of gender integration in our work. Understanding in depth the concept of [gender] equity is important to engage in meaningful dialogue with community groups. Eventually, we will work together to bring about change in the communities, promoting transformed relationships for the well-being of children. Participant in Gender Training in Larnaca, Cyprus, for development practitioners in MEER. From La Esperanza. article by Maia Woodward, Regional Communications Officer, MEERO, and Albana Dino, Program Quality Specialist, MEERO. Linking the Gender Training Toolkit to World Vision s Programming Tracks: Transformational Development, Humanitarian & Emergency Affairs (HEA) and Advocacy Ensuring that Transformational Development Indicators and TD approaches integrate GAD principles, concepts and analysis at each step in a transformational development process is an essential element of this Toolkit. Participants examine their own programmes in light of lessons learned in each session. Particular focus on use of gender analysis tools in Module 4 directly supports the Five Domains of Change as presented in the Transformational Development framework. Modules dedicated to Advocacy and Humanitarian & Emergency Affairs (HEA) ensure that participants will examine integration of these programming tracks with Gender and Development principles, concepts and analysis. Exercises require thoughtful integration of GAD into ongoing work, and ask for thorough preparation by participants who are experts in this field as well as participants who hold responsibility for ensuring a balanced development programme in the field. 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n Linking the Gender Training Toolkit to LEAP World Vision s des
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