Haitians Talk About Rebuilding the Country After the January 12, 2010 Earthquake | Food Security

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This a survey funded and sponsored by Oxfam within the context of its advocacy activities in order to promote the participation of all the nation's key sectors in the development, implementation, and evaluation of the plan for the reconstruction of the country that was severely destroyed by the January 12 earthquake.
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    page 1 of 58 Funded by Oxfam Haitians talk about rebuilding the country after the January 12, 2010 earthquake   Dr. Raphael Yves Pierre March, 2010    page 2 of 58 Table of contents Page Acknowledgments 3 Executive Summary 4 Introduction A.   Context 6 B.   Methodology 8 Results A.   Characteristics of the sample 11 B.   Analysis of the country’s and households’ problems and needs 13 C.   Efficiency of international aid 16 D.   About the national reconstruction plan 19 Conclusion 24 Annexes A 1 Survey form 25 A 2 Codification of answers to open-ended questions 30 B 1-10 Households’ problems and needs 32 C 1-10 National problems and needs 35 D 1-5 Perception of development aid 38 E 1-5 Haitians’ perception of peacekeeping assistance 40 F 1-28 Perception of post-earthquake humanitarian intervention 41 G 1-5 Perception of criteria for assessing the aid 45 H 1-6 Perception of causes of the extent of damages 46 I 1-5 Perception of priorities of the plan 48 J 1-5 Perception of the government’s plan 50 K 1-5 Perception of the leadership for the reconstruction process 53 L 1-5 Perception of the aid payment conditions 56 M 1-5 Perception of the international community’s promises 57    page 3 of 58 Acknowledgments First of all, we wish to thank Mr. Nandy Denis, a statistician, for his assistance, not only in the development of the methodology for the realization of this survey, but also in supervising data capture and processing phases. We also wish to thank Dr. Jean Reynold Elie who devoted a lot of his time and shared insights that helped us get a better understanding of the complexity of this survey’s questions. Special thanks also to Mrs. Denise Jean-Marie Henry who organized the logistics for field surveys and who also took time to read and read again the preliminary version of this document. Finally, we wish to thank the students who did a wonderful job conducting field interviews and capturing data.    page 4 of 58 Executive Summary This a survey funded and sponsored by Oxfam within the context of its advocacy activities in order to promote the participation of all the nation’s key sectors in the development, implementation, and evaluation of the plan for the reconstruction of the country that was severely destroyed by the January 12 earthquake. The objective of this opinion poll is to define Haitians’ perception (from diverse social classes) on several topics related to the post-earthquake situation. Information gathered could help develop advocacy and appeal tools in order to help local, state, and non-state actors take ownership of post-earthquake reconstruction processes. Those opinions reflect Haitians’ perception at this particular period of time, opinions that could change at any given moment depending on the how the situation and the actors’ behavior evolve. They are not Oxfam’s opinions. This poll provides information from different social groups that can be used to determine points of consensus on issues related to the reconstruction of the country. In order to create a sample with the same characteristics as the control population, we thought it would be appropriate and beneficial to combine probability and empirical methods for the sampling. The survey was conducted over four days, from March 9 through 12. We have interviewed 1,765 people located in the communes of Port-au-Prince, Pétion-Ville, Delmas, Carrefour and Léogane. Those who took the survey identified, in decreasing order, the following four problems (all social classes together) faced by households prior to the earthquake: unemployment, hunger, difficulty to provide schooling for the children and to find a place to live. The households’ needs defined by those polled are, in decreasing order, employment, housing, food security, and children’s schooling. At the national level, the main problems identified by those polled (all social classes) are, in decreasing order, unemployment, corruption, violence/insecurity, and central State’s lack of responsibility. With respect to the reconstruction plan, the majority of those polled identified, in decreasing order, the following needs: job creation, building of schools, building of houses, and support to local production. However, it should be noted that the issue of building local and central authorities’ capacities, although identified as a key issue, scored low. With respect to the efficiency of the international aid to Haiti before the earthquake, approximately 31.3% of those polled thought development aid (including budget support) was inefficient or very inefficient, whereas only 8.8% of Haitians thought positively or very positively of that aid. That opinion is shared in particular by the majority of unemployed people (54%), middle (56%) and senior executives (70%), youth less than 20 years old (56%), and rural populations (52.2%).
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