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  Natividad Almeda-Lopez First Filipina lawyer and judgeAlmeda-Lopez became a lawyer in 1914. Around this time, the legal proession in the country was considered mostly or men. !he s not the #rst woman to pass the $ar, but she s the #rst emale lawyer in the country to ha%e actually handled cases and deended clients.&espite acing discrimination in a male-dominated legal institution, she became 'anila(s e)ecuti%e judge * the #rst emale judge in the country * in 19+4 and remained in the post or 1 years. Geronima Tomelden-Pecson First Filipina senator omelden-ecson ran in the 194/ senatorial elections, and was elected the country s#rst emale senator. 0n the !enate, she headed the !enate ommittees o 2ducation, 3ealth, ublic elare, and the 5oint ongressional ommittee on 2ducation * all o which suited her bac6ground. Elisa Rosales-Ochoa First Filipina congresswoman7osales-8choa joined the 1941 ongressional elections in her nati%e Agusan pro%ince. !he won by a landslide %ictory and became the #rst congresswoman in the country.0n the 1st ongress, there was only one congresswoman out o 9 membes o ongress. he number o women steadily increased o%er the years: ; women in the ;th ongress, 19 in the th ongress, and then +; in the 1+th ongress. Carmen Planas First Filipina city councilorlanas topped the elections, winning o%er more e)perienced, older candidates.&ecades ater the days o lanas, women became more acti%e in local go%ernment ser%ice. 0n <4, or e)ample, <=> o all local go%ernment o?cials that year were emale, including 1< emale city councilors and 1,/+1 municipal le%el emale councilors. Corazon Cojuangco-Auino First Filipina presidentA@uino was thrust into the spotlight ollowing the assassination o her husband, then !enator $enigno A@uino 5r. As an opposition #gure, she ran against then reelectionist Ferdinand 'arcos during the snap presidential elections in 19;. he hilippines has had two emale presidents in its history so ar. hile the numberseems small, it nonetheless puts the country among the op 1 nations with the most number o elected emale heads o state.  !ars ela 0n the hilippines, the sarswela is a play with songs and dances usually written in prose, containing rom one to #%e acts, depicting the %agaries o romantic lo%e among idealized Filipino characters, and oten incorporating contemporary social, political, economic or cultural issues or rele%ance and interest.!e%erino 7eyes!e%erino 7eyes was a Filipino writer, playwright, and director o plays. 3e used the pen name Lola $asyang. 3e was nic6named &on $inoy. 7eyes is 6nown as the Father o agalog lays and as the Father o the agalog Barzuela. Poetr# is a orm o literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic @ualities o languageCsuch as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metreCto e%o6e meanings in addition to, or in place o, the prosaic ostensible meaning. A short stor#  is a piece o prose #ction that can be read in one sitting Novel  is a #ctitious prose narrati%e o boo6 length, typically representing character and action with some degree o realism. Balagtasan   is Filipino orm o debate done in %erse. $alagtasan is participated by two or more protagonists who engaged in a debate on a selected subject. 2ach protagonist are to e)press their %iews in %erse and with rhyming. 7eutations shall also be done in the same manner. A judge, 6nown as the la6andiwa i male or la6ambini i emale, will decide the winner o the balagtasan. he judge shall also announce the winner in %erse and with rhyming. he participants are also e)pected to impress beore a watching audience. he #rst balagtasan too6 place on April ;, 19<4 at the 0nstituto de 'ujeres Domen(s 0nstituteE in  ondo, 'anila as part o the celebration o Francisco $alagtas birth anni%ersary. $ounding $illo  he $ounding $illow mostly published short articles about the day-to-day li%es o the sailors aboard the !! 8lympia. he paper included re%iews o shows presentedby the men aboard the ship, the results o sporting e%ents, tra%el diaries, gossip, pictures rom the ship, and humorous content about the men aboard. !ample titles include Gontorti%e ognomens,H G&oings in !ociety,H and G3ot !hot.H he paper also included humorous ad%ertisements about the limited ser%ices a%ailable aboard the ship as well as a restaurant located ashore in Iagasa6i. he paper was ully written and published by sailors aboard the ship. he paper also contained news co%erage o 6ey e%ents in the !panish*American ar, including the !in6ing o  the !! 'aine and a #rst-hand account o the $attle o 'anila $ay, in which the 8lympia was the Jagship.&uring the nited !tates colonial period o the hilippines D19-194;E, the nited !tates go%ernment was in charge o pro%iding education in the hilippines. Education became a very important issue for the United States colonial government, since it allowedit to spread their cultural values, particularly the English language, to the Filipino people. [2]  nstructionin English language, and  !merican history, lead to forming of a national identity and Filipino nationalism.Every child from age was re#uired to register in schools located in their own town or province. $he students were given free school materials. $here were three levels of education during the !mericanperiod. $he %elementary% level consisted of four primary years and & intermediate years. $he %secondary% or high school level consisted of four years' and the third was the %college% or tertiary level. (eligion was not part of the curriculum of the schools. as it had been during the Spanish period.n some cases those students who e)celled academically were sent to the U.S. to continue their studies and to become e)perts in their desired fields or professions. $hey were called %scholars%, and %pensionados% because the government covered all their e)penses. n return, they were to teachor wor* in government offices after they finished their studies. Some e)amples of these successful Filipino scholars were +udge +os !bad Santos, Francisco -enite, /r. 0onoria Sison and Francisco /elgado. I, hilippine !chool o Arts and rades D191, now  E, I * 191 TRA%E AN% AGR&C'LT'RE 1.opulation 2)plosion19-;mK 19+-/,;+=,4<;K 19<-<,+14,+<K 19+9-1;,,++K<.Iew Land olicyA.Friar Lands were resold to Filipino armers.$.3omestead Act o 19<4 allowed Filipinos to own up to 1; hectares o public land or agricultural purposes such as actual culti%ation  residence..All lands had to be registered, and their owners got the orrens title.+.Agricultural 0ncrease-$ureau o Agriculture D19<EFirst go%(t agency in the new American colony.-0n 19+, American ongress sent M+' emergency und to import rice  carabaos to other Asian countries.4.Free rade  h products entered !A without paying custom tariNs but with a limit or @uota. 3owe%er, American products were not limited.-$ell rade Act o Free rade between the !A and the 3 within <yrs D194;-19/4E o Although ree trade was not air, the 3 go%(t still agreed on this so that the 7ehabilitation Act established by the ! would be implemented.7A- babayaran ng ! yung 3 para sa mga damages incurred during war. ! clari#ed that it(s not payment, but a help.=.$usiness $oom7etail rade in the 3 doubled rom 19/-19+=. Filipinos had more money to buy ood, shoes, clothes, and toys, and e%en cars. 3owe%er, Filipinos preer buying imported goods.;.Iew 0ndustries he 3 entered the industrial age which a%ored the use o machines and mass production o goods in big actories.'ining and #shing became big industries.3ousehold cottage industries boomed.Americans de%eloped the coconut and hemp industries and too6 o%er the sugar and tobacco industries./.0mpro%ement in ranspo  ommu&uring ! era, 3 became an Asian leader in transportation and communication.Americans de%eloped railroads in Luzon, ebu, and anay.'ore #shing ports were opened. ier / in 'anila was the largest port in Asia..$etter $udget3 colonial go%(t under the Americans had one o the best budgets in the world. he 3 budget was balanced e%en during the great world depressions in the 19+s. 8ther go%(t had huge de#cits but 3 had surplus.9.Iew $an6s0n 19;, the ostal !a%ings $an6 was introduced and the hilippine Iational $an6 was established.1.0nt(l 2)hibitions  'eetings3 army band became world-amous at the golden gate e)position in 19+9, !an Francisco, aliornia.Filipino proessionals attended international conerences.Filipino athletes joined 8lympic Oames.11.ublic 3ealth and !anitation8ne o the priorities o the Americans was the promotion o public health and sanitation. hey were able to cure and minimized the spread o deadly diseases li6e cholera, smallpo), dysentery, and tuberculosis.$ureau o 3ealth was established. And by 19+=, there were more than 1 hospitals including the hilippine Oeneral 3ospital. 0n result, there was a decline in death rate and increase in birth rate.1<.'edium o 2)change
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