IND: MFF - Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program (SCPMIP) - Tranche 1 - PDF

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Environmental Monitoring Report Project Number: November 2015 Period: January 2015 June 2015 IND: MFF - Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program (SCPMIP) - Tranche 1 Submitted
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Environmental Monitoring Report Project Number: November 2015 Period: January 2015 June 2015 IND: MFF - Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program (SCPMIP) - Tranche 1 Submitted by Project Management Unit, (SCPMIP), Government of Karnataka, Mangaluru This report has been submitted to ADB by the Project Management Unit, (SCPMIP), Government of Karnataka, Mangaluru and is made publicly available in accordance with ADB s public communications policy (2011). It does not necessarily reflect the views of ADB. This environmental monitoring report is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB's Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature. In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area. Environmental Monitoring Report Loan Number: 2679 Reporting period: (Jan 2015 to June 2015) (MFF - Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program -Tranche 1) Implementing Agency: Executing Agency: Project Management Unit, Public Works, Ports and Inland Water Transport Department Date: (06/10/2015) Table of Contents Chapter Title Page List of Abbreviations i 1. Introduction 2 Overall Project Description 2 Project Objectives 3 Environmental Category 3 Environmental Performance Indicators 4 ADB Environmental and Social Safeguards Review Mission 4 2. Compliance Status with National/State/Local Statutory Environmental Requirements 5 3. Compliance Status with the Environmental Covenants as Stipulated in the Loan Agreement 6 4. Compliance Status with Environmental Management and Monitoring Plans as Stipulated in the Environmental Documentation as agreed with ADB 7 5. Approach and Methodology Engaged for Environmental Monitoring of the Project Monitoring of Environmental Receptors/ Attributes Details of Grievance Redress Committee and Complaints Received from Public and Action Taken Thereof to Resolve Follow up Actions and Conclusion 13 Appendices 14 Appendix A. Location Map of Monitoring Station 15 Appendix B. Site Photographs 16 List of Abbreviations ADB CBO CD CIMU CMIS CMZ CPCB CRZ CWC CWPRS Db DPR EIA EPA GIS GoI GoK HTL ICMAM ICZMA KPI KSCPM KSCZMA KSRSAC LTL MoEF MFF NCPP NGO NHC O&M P&IWT PMDC PPMS PPP PPTA SCPMIP-K SEA SEIAA SMO SMP SPCB TMC ToR Asian Development Bank Community Based Organization Chart Datum Coastal Infrastructure Management Unit Coastal Management Information System Coastal Management Zone Central Pollution Control Board Coastal Regulation Zone Central Water Commission Central Water and Power Research Station Decibel Detailed Project Report Environmental Impact Assessment Environment Protection Act Geographical Information System Government of India Government of Karnataka High Tide Line Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Integrated Coastal Zone Management Authority Key Performance Indicator Karnataka Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Karnataka State Coastal Zone Management Authority Karnataka State Remote Sensing Application Centre Low Tide Line Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change Multi Financing Facility National Coastal Protection Project Non-Governmental Organization Northwest Hydraulic Consultants Operation and Maintenance Ports & Inland Water Transport Project Management and Design Consultants Project Performance and Management System Public Private Partnership Project Preparation Technical Assistance Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program Karnataka State Executing Agency State Environmental Impact Assessment Agency Shoreline Management Organisation Shoreline Management Plan State Pollution Control Board Town Municipal Council Terms of Reference i 1. Introduction The National Coastal Protection Project (NCPP) estimates that 50% of the total of 1,100 km of coastline in the three states of Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka is facing erosion to some degree. Half of the 300 km coastline of Karnataka is subject to significant coastal erosion and only 58 km has some degree of protection. The coastal zone is a key part of the economy, supporting agricultural and horticultural activities, fishing, aquaculture, sand and shell mining, harbour development, trade and transport. Rural communities and urban areas are affected by coastal erosion. Rising sea levels and increasing numbers and intensities of storms will result in serious erosion hazards. To address its coastal protection and management issues, the Government of Karnataka has agreed with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to implement the Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program (SCPMIP). The budget for the first tranche of SCPMIP-K amounts to US$ million covering the period Jan June Overall Project Description The 1 st Tranche sub-project in Ullal consist of 4 components viz., rehabilitation of Ullal breakwaters, construction of two off-shore reefs, construction of four in-shore berms and sand nourishment. Project layout map is provided in appendix A. A brief description and the progress so far of these sub-projects are as follows. Inshore Berms - 4 numbers of Inshore berms are T gryone like structure, forming a length of 120m each placed into sea. The construction of the four in-shore berms commenced in December 2013 and the completion date of the construction is February The construction materials used are sand filled geotextile bags and containers. The contractor has procured 22,252 no's of geotextile bags and the stem portion of Inshore berm no 4 has been completed for a length of about 70 meter using 1356 no of 1 cum bags, 935 no's of 2.5 cum bags and 62no s of 7.5cum bags. Simultaneously, the construction of inshore berm no 2 has also started in the month of April 2015 and about 25 meter length has been constructed using 340 no of 1 cum bags and 201 no's of 2.5 cum bags Breakwaters The existing Ullal breakwaters are in dilapidated condition and requires immediate rehabilitation. With proposed rehabilitation, the structure will become more robust and adapted to future sea level rise. The southern breakwater will become slightly shorter to allow an increase of sand moving towards the Ullal frontage. Agreement for rehabilitation of breakwaters was signed on 31/07/2014 and the Commencement date was fixed as 01/12/2014. Contractor deployed men & machineries at site in the month of January Presently about 4616no s of 2T and 386no s of 7T Tetrapods are casted and stacked at yard and casting in progress. Revetment portion from chainage 0 to 225 m is completed upto crest level (+5.00 m). The north breakwater portion from chainage 225 m to 325 mtrs is nearing completion with slope protection using 2 T tetrapod towards sea side upto 6.00 m crest level. Off-Shore Reefs Off Shore reefs are cup shaped structures to be constructed at 700m off shore at a depth of -7m w.r.t. to local Chart Datum(CD). Main function of these structures are to break the waves at off shore and reduce the wave intensity before it reaches the coastline. Agreement for construction of 2 off shore reefs was signed on 07/11/2014 and the Commencement date was fixed as 01/12/2014 2 The reef contractor has started the work in December Bathymetry, Geo Physical, Geo technical survey and dredging work at South reef completed. The contractor is now casting and stacking tetrapods at the stack yard in New Mangalore Port Trust (NMPT). The actual construction of reef is expected to start after the monsoon period, that is from October Sand Nourishment is the process of transporting sand from deeper sections of the sea and feed it to the foreshore to create a new beach or widen the existing beach. Sand nourishment does not stop erosion; but is an essential component to balance the process of erosion and accretion, thus safeguarding the protection of livelihoods and properties. 2x 450,000 m 3 of sand nourishment is proposed on the Ullal frontage after the construction of the above 3 components. Project Objectives The overall objective of SCPMIP-K is to address the immediate coastal protection needs through the implementation of economically viable protection works using environmentally and socially appropriate solutions. In order to achieve this over-arching objective for SCPMIP-K there are a number of key objectives that must be fulfilled, these being; 1. To address the causes and likely causes of coastal erosion and coastal instability, directed mainly at other coastal infrastructure that is presently causing, or potentially causing damage to the natural coastal processes. 2. To support investments for natural protection measures such as the development and planting of dunes, planting of mangrove or other trees for protection or shelter. 3. To consider wider coastal management issues surrounding water quality, navigational entrances, dredging and training of river and drain mouths. 4. To consider increase of economic and amenity value of the coast and shoreline. 5. To develop the institutional capacities to meet the long term needs of sustainable coastal protection and management. This includes the development of the capacities at central, state and district level in shoreline planning, detailed planning, modelling, design; and coordination and management of coastal infrastructure. In parallel to the investment program, the project will develop institutional capacities to meet long term needs of sustainable coastal protection and management. The project will support initiatives to increase the participation of the private sector and communities in the planning, design, financing, implementation and maintenance of coastal protection and management projects. The project supports the development of a number of economic initiatives in the coastal zone; where appropriate private sector participation would be incorporated into the project strategies. All investment projects should be implemented based on participative planning, professional design using innovative approaches. Environmental Category The approved environment category of the Project is A; and ADB s Environment Policy (EP) (2002) is applicable for this Project. 3 Environmental Performance Indicators The environmental performance indicators have been framed with the objective of carrying out project progress review. The performance Indicators has been evaluated as per following three heads: (i) Environmental condition indicators to determine efficiency of environmental management measures in control of air, noise, soil and water pollution. (ii) Environmental management indicators to determine compliance with the suggested mitigation measures. (iii) Indicators regarding Communication of requirements with respect to ADB s environmental & social safeguards, national & state level Environmental rules & regulations. ADB Environmental and Social Safeguards Review Mission A safeguard review mission visited SCPMIP-K portion of the project during 28 to 30 January 2015 to review the status of compliance with (a) Social and Environmental safeguard related aspects; (b) social and environmental loan covenants; and (c) implementation of environmental management and monitoring plan (EMMP) for the Tranche -1 project. The mission held discussions with the officials of PMU, City Municipal Council, Ullal, PMDC-K, civil works contractors, and the local residents. The mission also conducted field visits to 2 sub projects(inshore berms and breakwaters) where the civil works were in progress. 4 2. Compliance Status with National/State/Local Statutory Environmental Requirements The Tranche -1 project has been accorded with CRZ clearance, apart from this the contractors are responsible for obtaining consent to establish and operate batching plants and use of DG sets if any from the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board(KSPSB). Contractors to obtain and submit Pollution Under Control(PUC) of all the construction vehicles. Table 2.1: Subproject wise Compliance Status Sl No Sub Project Component Statutory Environmental Requirement Compliance Status 1 Construction of four Inshore Berms CRZ Clearance Obtained 2 Rehabilitation of Ullal Breakwaters CRZ Clearance Obtained Consent to Establish and Operate batching Plant Obtained 3 Construction of two off shore reefs CRZ Clearance Obtained 5 3. Compliance Status with the Environmental Covenants as Stipulated in the Loan Agreement Tranche/ Town/ Subproject/ Package Environmental Category Status of preparation of IEE/EIA report Status of approval of preparation of IEE/EIA report Tranche 1, Construction of four Inshore Berms A Category EIA prepared EIA approved Tranche 1, Rehabilitation of Ullal Breakwaters A Category EIA prepared EIA approved Tranche 1, Construction of two off shore reefs A Category EIA prepared EIA approved 6 4. Compliance Status with Environmental Management and Monitoring Plans as Stipulated in the Environmental Documentation as agreed with ADB This section presents the compliance status of Environmental Management and Monitoring Plans of tranche-1 subprojects under implementation. During this reporting period (January June 2015) all three construction works has been started. No environmental monitoring was conducted during this reporting period, but Environmental quality monitoring tender including Air quality monitoring, Water quality monitoring, noise monitoring and sediment quality analysis for period of one year is awarded to Environmental Health & Safety Consultant Bangalore by PMU. None of the contractors has submitted the site environmental plan, but the contractors are following the EMP, which is part of the EIA and respective contract document. In addition to that, guidelines on general construction EHS measures to be followed / implemented by the Contractor. Project Activity Site preparation: Material and equipment staging areas and beach access locations Berm Construction Offshore reef construction. Breakwater construction Potential Environmental Impact Possible removal of terrestrial habitat Air quality Reduction in Air quality from exhaust fumes and dust at on-land construction sites Proposed Mitigation Measures Sites rehabilitated before contractor leaves site upon completion of construction activities. Planting and stabilization of site, including replacement of any native plant species. Adherence to national emission and ambient quality standards Engines and generators turned off when not in use Equipment conforms to international standards. Dust suppression by regular sprinkling of water (i.e. morning and evening) or other means. Possibly, halt work during excessive onshore winds. Verbal social complaints dealt with immediately and efficiently. Monitoring Method Pre Construction Stage Visual Observation Construction Stage Physical Visual Observation, AAQM once every season. Compliance Status Complied. There is no terrestrial habitat present near the proposed sub project sites. Although the PMU will make sure the site will be rehabilitated, if required before the contractor leaves. Complied. Water sprinkling is being done. Contractors have been instructed to submit Pollution Under Control certificates. Institutional Responsibilities PMU Contractor PMU Contractor 7 Noise Increased noise levels Water quality High turbidity during reef filling Possible leaks or spills sediment, fuels, oil, other fluids Marine biota and habitat Reefs and berms will cover soft-sediment benthic habitat and biota High turbidity and sediment settlement temporarily impair photosynthesis and biological production in adjacent offshore areas Possible leaks or spills sediment fuels, oil, other Adherence to national noise standards. Engines and generators turned off when not in use Equipment conforms to international standards Vehicles and engines fitted with silencers Daily checks and remedy of potential sources of excessive noise especially out of daylight hours. Complaints regarding noise dealt with professionally and with respect. Rock transport plan from quarries to rock transhipment Storage site prepared and adhered to. Supervision of all operation procedures to minimize spillage of sand Contingency plans for accidental oil, fuel, and sediment spills should be initiated immediately Develop mitigation components based a review and characterization of fish and invertebrates that occur in the near shore area and estuary including seasonal or migratory species and sensitive times and locations. Reefs structure is expected to be colonized by biota offsetting smothering soft-sediment biota. Minimize sediment release during construction to reduce affected area outside immediate reef-site area Implement contingency plans if Noise monitoring, visual observation Water quality monitoring, visual observation Biological visual observation for oil spills Complied. Engines and generators are being turned off when not in use. Contractors yet to submit PUC certificate. Complied. Site engineers are visually monitoring for spillage of sand and oil during construction. Offshore construction activities related to reefs are yet to start. In construction of Inshore Berms, sediment release is bare minimum as the geotextile containers and bags are closed tightly after the sediments filled and compacted within. PMU Contractor PMU Contractor PMU Contractor PMU Contractor 8 fluids Safety and human health Reduced safety of beach users Tourism: Beach amenity and recreational use disturbed Fishing activity Disturb traditional fishing activity Navigation Local navigation spills of sediment, fuels Oil, or other fluids occur Public consultation to identify locations, times, and types of potential safety risks, and develop site-specific advisories and safety measures. All equipment, waste, and construction material debris must be inspected and removed daily from site. Public consultation to identify locations, times, and types of potential safety risks, and develop site-specific advisories and safety measures. All equipment, waste, and construction material debris must be inspected and removed daily from site. Public consultation to identify locations, times, and types of potential conflict, and develop sitespecific measures to minimize disruption of boat launching and fishing activity Vessel movement and equipment operation to be carried out in consultation with stakeholders to avoid interference with navigation. Social, Economic and Cultural visual observation Partly Complied. Construction site partly barricaded with safety signs installed at critical locations. Materials and wastes are located at secure / designated locations PMU Contractor 9 5. Approach and Methodology Engaged for Environmental Monitoring of the Project The Tranche 1 sub project Monitoring has been divided into three heads viz., Measurement of Coastal data, Baseline Surveys and Environmental Monitoring and apart from this, visual site inspection also plays an important role in identifying impacts. The parameters under these heads are as follows: A. Measurement of Coastal Data i. Waves (height, direction & time period) ii. Current measurements iii. Water levels B. Baseline surveys iv. Bathymetry survey (Seabed level changes) v. Topo survey (Beach profiles, Crest levels) C. Environmental Monitoring vi Ambient Air Quality Monitoring vii Marine Water Quality Monitoring vii Noise Monitoring viii Sediment Analysis The Environmental Monitoring parameters have been selected based on the EMP prepared during the Project Preparatory Technical Assistance (PPTA) stage and further parameters such as Measurement of Coastal Data and Baseline surveys have been added to ensure the sub project performance. Table 5.1: S.N o Tranche 1 Monitoring Programme Description 1 Measurement of Coastal Data Covera ge area Units Frequency in Months Wave 1 LS Continues Tide
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