Index | Sedimentary Rock | Sandstone

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INDEX
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  Where there is more than one index entry for a term, the bold face number refers to the page where it is il- lustrated, and/or defined, or described fully. Where a term is defined in the text, it is set in bold face. Where a term is illustrated in a color plate, this is indicated in the index. Accommodation space, 283,467-469, Plate 2C Algae, 215,218, 335,400, 431,455 Algal stromatolites, 246, 247, 249, 403 Allocycles, 200, 286 Allodapic limestones, 268 Alluvium, of braided channels, 193-196 of meandering channels, 196-200 economic geology of, 200-207 placer deposits of, 204-207 Ammonitico rosso, 277 Anhydrite formation of, 446-452 mineralogy of, 440-441 nodular, Plate 5D Ankerite, 396 Anoxic environments, abyssal, 276 lacustrine, 220 shelf, 241-242 Anthracite, 428 Antidunes, defined, 96 in rivers, 96, 150 in turbidites, 105,149 Apatite, eluvial placers of, 36 Aragonite, 396, Arkose, 353-354, Plate 3D Arthrophycus 134 Ash, volcanic, 29, 345 Atolls, evolution of, 252-254 Autocyclic sedimentation, 200, 286 513 Back-arc basins, 486, Bacteria, 251,341-342, 363,376, 427, 455, 459, 506 Bahama Bank, 248-251 Ball and pillow, 159 Ball clay, 33 Banded iron formations, 434-436, 474- 479, 458 Barchan dune, 109 Barrier islands, 230-240 ancient, 234-237 modern, 233-234 petroleum in, 237-239 placer ores in, 239-240 Barytes, in pelagic deposits, 277 Basins, sedimentary, classified, 475-478 defined, 468 described, 478-496 mechanisms of formation, 472-478 modelling, 496-506 Bauxite, 34 Beachrock, 400, 413, Plate 7A Bedding, 142 convolute, 158 cross-, 144-152 flat, 143 graded, 143-144 massive, 143 /3 factor, 475, 478-479, 500 Bentonite, 337-338 Bermuda triangle, 168  514 INDEX Bioclast, defined, 399-400 illustrated, Plate 6C mineralogy of, 397 Biolithite, 404, Plate 6E Bioturbation, 136 Birds-eye fabric, 68 Black shales, 276 Bogenstruktur, 429 Boghead coal, 335 Botryococcus 335 Bottom structures, 139-142 Bouma sequence, 105, 143 Boundstone, 404, Plate 6E Bovey Tracey, kaolin deposits of, 33 Bowen's reaction series, 31 Braided alluvium, deformational struc- tures in, 158 Breccias, meteorite impact-related, 383 sedimentary, 383-385 solution, 385-386, 425 Brent Group, delta, 228, 232 diagenesis of, 374, Plates 4D & 4F Brines, connate, 322-323 Broken Hill sulfide deposits, 277 Buildup, carbonate, 256 Calcite, 394, 396 cement, 363-366 Caliche, 28-29, 400 Canada, Devonian evaporites of, 446-447 Devonian reefs of, 260 Canary islands, - slump derived from, 120-121 Cannel coal, 335 Capillarity, 63-65 Capillary pressure, 64-65 Capitan reef, 258 Capillary pressure curve, 64-65 Carbonate Compensation Depth (CCD), 274 -275 Carbonates, deep water, 268-271 diagenesis of, 406-426 mineralogy of, 396-398 porosity in, 406-426 sequence stratigraphy of, 423-425, 285, Plate 8 shelves, 247-258 Carnotite, 38 Cassiterite, 12 eluvial placers of, 36 Cathodoluminescence, 367 Cementation, of carbonates, 401,406-427 of sandstones, 360-370 Chalcedony, 366, 457, Plate 5F Chalk, 268, 416-418, 458, Plate 5E & 6A Chamosite, 396, 433, Plate 5B Channels, 138-9 braided, 194-196 coals in, 431 defined, 138-139 distributary, 222, 227 meandering, 198-199 permeability in, 81 porosity in, 81 submarine, 265-7 tidal, 243,253 Chert, 275-276, 355,395, 457-458, Plate 5E & 5F China clay, 33-34, 337 Chlorite, 338, 369-370 Chronostratigraphy, 281 Clarain, 429 Clay, cements, sandstones in, 367-370 minerals, 335-336 Clinoform, 222 Clinothem, 222 Clinton iron ore, 433 Coal, 7, 333 environments of deposition of, 430- 432 petrography of, 427-430 Coated grains, 400 Coccoliths, 416-417 Cod oil field, 271 Cold seeps, 168, 260, 363 Colorado Plateau, uranium ores of, 204 Compaction, fluid flow, 324-325 of carbonates, 423-424 of clays, 339-342 of sands, 357-360 Concretions, 342-343 Condensed sequence, 283, Plate 2D Conglomerates, 190, 380-384 Connate water, 318-319, 360-361 Contour currents, 104, 107-108, 240 Contourites, 108 Convective fluid flow, 325-326 Convolute bedding, 158 Convolute lamination, 106, 159  Coorong, dolomite in, 420 Copper belt, 14 Coprolite, 437 Coral rock, 381, Plate 6E Corals, 250, 256, 403 Cornstone, 29 Coset, 145 Cosmorhaphe 136 Crevasse-splay alluvial, 199 deltaic, 223 reservoir characteristics of, 203 Cross-bedding described, 144-152 disturbed, 158 herring-bone, 150 hummocky, 150-151 permeability relationship with, 79-80 porosity relationship with, 80 recumbent, 158 tabular planar, 147 trough, 147 Cross-lamination, 152-157 Cruziana 134 Crystallization, defined, 408 Cubichnia, 134 Cyclic sedimentation, 286-289 Cyclostratigraphy, 286-289 Cyclothems, 199-200 Darcy's Law, 58 Debris flow, 121-122 Decarboxylation, 371,375 Dedolomitization, 413, Deep sea sands, 263-273 Deltas, ancient, 227-228 defined, 220 economic aspects of, 228-231 modern, 221-227 Density currents, 101-107 Deserts, equilibrial surfaces in, 182 pediments cut in, 190-191 Desert Varnish, 41 Desiccation cracks, 162-163, 219 Diagenesis, of carbonates, 406-426 of clays, 340-342 defined, 356 of sands, 356-381 Diamictites, defined, 94, 382 fabric, 113 INDEX 515 fan deposits in, 190 formation of, 116 Diamonds, eluvial placers of, 36 eolian placers of, 214 Dikaka, 27 Dikes, sedimentary, 162-163 Diplocraterion 134 Direct hydrocarbon indicators, 377 Dish structure, 123, 159, Doggers, 363-364 Dolomite, 394, Plates 1C, 1E & 7F diagenesis of, 420-423, 446-452 intercrystalline porosity of, 67, 422-423, Plate 1C mineralogy, 396 primary, 420-422 secondary, 422-423 Dolostone, 394 Domichnia, 134 Dorag model, 420-421 Drop-off, carbonate model, 247 Drusy crystallization, 408-409 Dune, defined, 95 eolian, 109-113 flume, formation in, 95-98 Durain, 429 Dwyka tillite, 116, 118 Earthquakes, 159, 161,166-168 Effective wave base, 100, 241 E1Hiero, slump 120-121 Elutriation, 47 Embayment, 469-470 Endichnia, 134 Enterolithic, 448 Envelope, diagenetic, 365-366 Environments, classified, 184 -187 defined, 181 described,189-279 Eolian, cross-bedding, ancient, 210-213 recent, 112-115, environments, 207-214 processes, 108-113 placers, 214 Epichnia, 134 Epicratonic basins, 482-486 Epidiagenesis, 372-375,410, Plate 4E Erosion, 22, Eugeosyncline, 491 Eustatic, sea level changes, 284-286  516 INDEX Evaporites, deformation of, 445 density of, 445 deposition of, 441-445 economic significance of, 455-457 mineralogy of, 439-441 Exichnia, 134 Fabric, 75-76 Facies, defined, 189, 281 described, 190-277 Faecal pellets, 396 Failed rift, 492-493 Fall diameter, 96-98 Fan, alluvial, 190-192 delta, 225,286 placer ores in, 205-206 submarine, 264-267 uranium ores in, 204 Fanglomerate, 190, 192 Ferricrete, 28 Fire clay, 430 Flaser bedding, 155, 243 Flash flood, 95-6, 191 Flat bedding, 96, 143 Flat spot, 377 Flint, 458 Flooding surface, 283, Plate 2D Floodplain, alluvial, 199 Flow laminar, defined, 91 regime, 95 turbulent, defined, 91 Fluid inclusions, 321-322, 260, 543 Fluidized flow, 126-127 Flume, experiments in, 95, 103 Flute marks, 139-140 Fluvial deposits, 192-209 Fluxoturbidite, 122, 267, 383 Flysch, 104, 264, 355,490 Fodichnia, 134 Fore-arc basins, 469, 486, Foredeep basins, 264, 491 Foreset, defined, 145 permeability variation of, 79-80 Formation, defined,188 Front, diagenetic, 366 Froude number, 91, 95,143 Fullers Earth, 337-338 Fundoform, 222 Fundothem, 222 Fusain, 429 Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, 226-227 Ganister, 29, 430 Gas, hydrocarbon, 315-316 nonhydrocarbon, 315-316 Genetic increments, 280-281 Genetic sequences, 280-281 Geopetal, fabric, 69 Geophysics, ix, x, 3,365,377-379 Geostrophic currents, 104, 107-108, 240 Geosynclines, 264, 469, 486 Geothermal anomalies, 309-311 gradients, 311-313 Glacial processes, 113-118 Glacial sediments fabric, 113-114 varves in, 216-217 Glauconite, 267, 338-339, Plate 3A Globigerina, 274 Gold, density of, 90 eluvial placers of, 36 Golden Lane, Mexico, 271-273 Gossan, 37, 380 Graded bedding described, 105 formation of, 105 illustrated, 105 shelf, 242 Grain flow, 123, 159, 267-269 Grain roundness, 42-44 packing, 75-77 relationship with porosity and perme- ability, 73-75 shape, 42-44 size, measurement of, 44-48 sorting, 48-51 sphericity, 42-44 Grains, carbonate, 398-401 Grainstone, 247, 404, Plate 6D Grand Banks, earthquake of, 103 Grapestone, 400 Gravitational processes, 118-124 Green River Shale, 218, 334 Greensand, 338, Plate 3A Greywacke, 355, Plate 3E Groove marks, 141 Guano, 439, Plate 5C Gypsum, formation of, 450-452 Halimeda 401 Halite, 453-455 Halysites Plate 6E Hardground, 413, 416-418 Harlania 134, 136
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