Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Case study of Pakistan

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This case study describes implementation of the project Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Bridging Policy and Practice. The project, supported by ECHO Enhanced Response Capacity and Oxfam, was implemented by Oxfam in Pakistan between September 2015 and March 2017.
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  OXFAM CASE STUDY MARCH 2017 www.oxfam.org  INSTITUTIONALIZING GENDER IN EMERGENCIES   Case study of Pakistan This case study describes implementation of the project Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Bridging Policy and Practice. The project, supported by ECHO Enhanced Response Capacity and Oxfam, was implemented by Oxfam in Pakistan between September 2015 and March 2017.  2 CONTENTS 1   The Project in Context ..................................................................... 3   2   Project Highlights and Milestones .................................................... 5   3   Coalition-Building: The Development of the Gender in Emergencies Working Group (GiEWG) ................................................................. 6   4   Improving the Evidence Base – Gender Analysis ............................ 9   5   Improving Technical Capacity for Gender in Emergencies ............. 12   6   Trialling the Accountability Framework .......................................... 15   7   Conclusion ..................................................................................... 18   8   Next Steps ..................................................................................... 18     3 1 THE PROJECT IN CONTEXT Pakistan faces frequent natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods, cyclones, drought and tsunami, and there is ongoing conflict and military operations in the northwest of the country (in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the territory of FATA). In general terms, Pakistan is characterized by very low human development and a very large number of people in need of humanitarian assistance. 1  This is combined with one of the highest levels of gender inequality in the world. 2  In Pakistan, the sociological data in reports and presentations in most cases fails to record differences in survey responses by age and sex (known as sex- and age-disaggregated data (SADD)), and is characterized by limited or missing gender and social analysis. What scarce evidence is available suggests that the differential needs and capacities of affected populations in disasters are not sufficiently addressed. 3   THE CHALLENGES Globally, good policies  and international standards  on gender in emergencies do exist. However, the implementation of humanitarian assistance with a strong gender perspective remains ad hoc, and there is limited accountability of implementing agencies.   This project: Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Bridging Policy and Practice  was designed to explore how to better institutionalize gender-related standards in humanitarian assistance. The project was developed from an analysis of policy and practice both at a global level and at country level. The project was piloted in four countries: Ethiopia, Pakistan, South Sudan and the Dominican Republic from September 2015 to March 2017. 4  The project in these four countries focused on the following issues in which significant gaps were identified: ã  Insufficient gender analysis and evidence to inform humanitarian response planning and practice; ã  Low technical capacity in gender in emergencies across sectors and organizations; ã  A lack of coordination on gender across different agencies to support sector programmes; ã  Lack of accountability for implementation of gender-related standards within organizations and across the humanitarian system.    4 OBJECTIVE, STRATEGIES AND INTENDED RESULTS The objective of this project was: To enhance the capacity of humanitarian organizations to provide adapted assistance to meet the needs of women, girls, men and boys in emergency scenarios. Two strategies were adopted by the project team to achieve the objective: (A) the institutionalization of gender mainstreaming in emergencies, and (B) the creation of more robust accountability mechanisms within humanitarian organizations. The project aimed to deliver four results: ã  Functioning Gender in Emergencies Working Group (GiEWG) established; ã  Gender evidence base via a consolidated Country Gender Analysis for use by all actors, established; ã  Technical capacity for gender in emergencies within humanitarian organizations, 5  enhanced; ã  Workable Accountability Framework in coordination mechanisms tested. This case study describes the experiences of implementing the project in Pakistan for each of the four projected outcomes. This includes a description of the activities carried out, the results achieved, and important contextual factors affecting the success of the project. It also provides a reflection on key challenges, limitations and significant events, and key lessons that may be applicable at global level. It then draws conclusions and provides recommendations for next steps and future directions that will be led by Oxfam.
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