Landless and Near Landless Farmers in Two Provinces of Tra Vinh and Dong Thap: Problems and solutions

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 34
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report
Category:

Documents

Published:

Views: 8 | Pages: 34

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Related documents
Description
According to many previous survey reports, the problem of landless and near landless farmers in Mekong Delta that were serious in 1998 seemed to be increased but slower in recent years in the surveyed areas. Most of them are very poor. The report by University of Economics (Hanoi) has revealed that モIn 1997, 5.69% of population in 12 provinces of Mekong Delta are landless and 8.71% with very little land and the problem is worseningヤ. Attributed to the problems are many factors, including historical, socio-economic ones. The Communist Party and the Government of Vietnam have issued policies and taken measures to solve the problem. However, these policies and measures are limited to solving the dilemma.Due to this situation, the Farmer's Association has conducted the project モSurvey on landless and near landless farmers in Tra Vinh and Dong Thap provinces
Transcript
    OXFAM GREAT BRITAIN Report on: Landless and near landless farmers in two provinces of Tra Vinh and Dong Thap: Problems and Solutions Sponsor: Oxfam Great Britain Project holder: Farmer Support Center – Economic Division – Vietnam Farmer’s Association 1  Table of content Introduction 3 Objective of the survey Part I 4 General Situation of the surveyed area Part II 6 Research questions and Methodology Part III 8 Findings A. Progress and causes of landlessness 9 B. Life of landless farmers 10 C. Situation of poor households not belonging to the following catogories: landless, little land or threatened to lose their land 13 D. Well-off landless households 14 E. Households that hire labourers (employers) 15 Part IV 17 Impact of policies supporting landless farmers 17 Part V Solutions to gradually stabilising and improving the life of the poor landless farmers A. Wishes of the poor landless households 21 B. Recommended solutions and their feasibility 21 Part VI 26 Conclusions and Recommendations A. Land related solutions B. Non land related solutions 28 C. Capacity building for staff and the farmers 28 Annex   List of references 2    Introduction OBJECTIVE OF THE SURVEY According to many previous survey reports, the problem of landless and near landless farmers in Mekong Delta that were serious in 1998 seemed to be increased but slower in recent years in the surveyed areas. Most of them are very poor. The report by University of Economics (Hanoi) has revealed that “In 1997, 5.69% of population in 12 provinces of Mekong Delta are landless and 8.71% with very little land and the problem is worsening”. Attributed to the problems are many factors, including historical, socio-economic ones. The Communist Party and the Government of Vietnam have issued policies and taken measures to solve the problem. However, these policies and measures are limited to solving the dilemma. Due to this situation, the Farmer’s Association has conducted the project “Survey on landless and near landless farmers in Tra Vinh and Dong Thap provinces; recommend supported projects and solutions for the poor farmers”. The project is funded by Oxfam GB and carried out by staff of Vietnam Farmer’s Association and by staff of Farmers Associations in two provinces. The objectives of the survey is to find answers to the following questions: 1. How is the current situation of landless and near landless farmers in Tra Vinh and Dong Thap  provinces? 2. What are the policies available to support the landless farmers and how effective they are? 3. What are recommendations to the Communist Party and the Government in order to solve the  problem? The report represents the result of the survey and recommendations of solutions for the landless households that were collected by the survey. 3    Part I GENERAL SITUATION OF THE SURVEYED AREA This survey was conducted in Ham Giang, Dai An and Don Chau communes of Tra Cu district (Tra Vinh province) and My Tho and Nhi My communes of Cao Lanh districts (Dong Thap  province). The Mekong Delta, called name of the Southwest part, consisting of 12 provinces, is influenced  by Tien Giang and Hau Giang rivers and a network of a number of interconnected canals. The nature blesses the Delta with fertile soil and favourable climate but the geographical and soil differences have affected on social, economic situation of each province or area. The Delta can be divided into the following distinguished areas: - Those of Tien Giang, Vinh Long, Can Tho and An Giang provinces with fertile soil and fresh water. - The majority of coastal provinces of Ben Tre, Tra Vinh, Soc Trang, Bac Lieu and Ca Mau  peninsula where the soil is silt-sandy, and salt intrusion. - Those of Dong Thap province and part of Long An and Tien Giang provinces where the soil is acid phosphate. It is the lowland area and prone to flood for 2-3 months a year. The area produces most rice in the country. - The coastal area of Ca Mau and Kien Giang provinces where there are forests. Mekong Delta is the rice basket of the South. In some recent decades, profit from fruit trees and aquaculture production has increasingly accounted for a high ratio in their income. In addition, services have also increasingly developed. After the reunification, co-operative model was implemented in a reasonable short period of 1982-1986 and then land was then returned to farmers. Farmers in Mekong Delta are hard working, tolerant and revolutionary. Tra Vinh Province Tra Vinh has the area of 236 930 hectares, borders Tien river to the North, Hau river to the South, East Sea to the East and Vinh Long, Ben Tre provinces to the West. There are 1 town, 7 districts, 9 townships and 72 communes with the total population of 918,000 in 170,000 households. The  population density is 410 people per square kilometer. The majority of the land is salt- intruded and not very fertile. Cultivation land accounts for 60% of total natural land. Population growth rate is 1.59%. There are 46,460 households (or 22.56%) are classified as poor. The poor landless farmers account for 9.58% or 16,750 households. Tra Cu District 4
Recommended
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks