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LATEX 2ε Cheat Sheet Lists Justification \begin{enumerate} Numbered list. Environment Declaration \begin{itemize} Bulleted list. \begin{center}
  L A TEX2 ε  Cheat Sheet Document classes book  Default is two-sided. report  No  \part  divisions. article  No  \part  or  \chapter  divisions. letter  Letter (?). slides  Large sans-serif font.Used at the very beginning of a document:  \documentclass{ class } .Use  \begin{document}  to start contents and  \end{document}  to endthe document. Common  documentclass  options 10pt / 11pt / 12pt  Font size. letterpaper / a4paper  Paper size. twocolumn  Use two columns. twoside  Set margins for two-sided. landscape  Landscape orientation. Must use  dvips -tlandscape . draft  Double-space lines.Usage:  \documentclass[ opt,opt  ]{ class } . Packages fullpage  Use 1 inch margins. anysize  Set margins:  \marginsize{ l  }{ r  }{ t  }{ b } .  multicol  Use  n  columns:  \begin{multicols}{ n } . latexsym  Use L A TEX symbol font. graphicx  Show image:  \includegraphics[width= x  ]{  file  } . url  Insert URL:  \url{ http://... } .Use before  \begin{document} . Usage:  \usepackage{ package  } Title \author{ text  }  Author of document. \title{ text  }  Title of document. \date{ text  }  Date.These commands go before  \begin{document} . The declaration \maketitle  goes at the top of the document. Miscellaneous \pagestyle{empty}  Empty header, footer and no page numbers. \tableofcontents  Add a table of contents here. Document structure \part{ title  }\chapter{ title  }\section{ title  }\subsection{ title  }\subsubsection{ title  }\paragraph{ title  }\subparagraph{ title  } Use  \setcounter{secnumdepth}{ x }  suppresses heading numbers of depth  > x , where  chapter  has depth 0. Use a  * , as in \section*{ title  } , to not number a particular item—these items willalso not appear in the table of contents. Text environments \begin{comment}  Comment (not printed). Requires  verbatim  pack-age. \begin{quote}  Indented quotation block. \begin{quotation} Like  quote  with indented paragraphs. \begin{verse}  Quotation block for verse. Lists \begin{enumerate}  Numbered list. \begin{itemize}  Bulleted list. \begin{description} Description list. \item  text   Add an item. \item[ x  ]  text   Use  x   instead of normal bullet or number. Re-quired for descriptions. References \label{ marker  }  Set a marker for cross-reference, often of the form \label{sec:item} . \ref{ marker  }  Give section/body number of marker. \pageref{ marker  }  Give page number of marker. \footnote{ text  }  Print footnote at bottom of page. Floating bodies \begin{table}[ place  ]  Add numbered table. \begin{figure}[ place  ]  Add numbered figure. \begin{equation}[ place  ]  Add numbered equation. \caption{ text  }  Caption for the body.The  place   is a list valid placements for the body.  t =top,  h =here, b =bottom,  p =separate page,  ! =place even if ugly. Captions andlabel markers should be within the environment. Text properties Font face Command Declaration Effect  \textrm{ text  } {\rmfamily  text  }  Roman family \textsf{ text  } {\sffamily  text  }  Sans serif family \texttt{ text  } {\ttfamily  text  } Typewriter family\textmd{ text  } {\mdseries  text  }  Medium series \textbf{ text  } {\bfseries  text  }  Bold series \textup{ text  } {\upshape  text  }  Upright shape \textit{ text  } {\itshape  text  }  Italic shape  \textsl{ text  } {\slshape  text  }  Slanted shape  \textsc{ text  } {\scshape  text  }  Small Caps shape \emph{ text  } {\em  text  }  Emphasized  \textnormal{ text  }{\normalfont  text  } Document font \underline{ text  }  UnderlineThe command (t tt  t) form handles spacing better than thedeclaration (t tt  t) form. Font size \tiny  tiny \scriptsize  scriptsize \footnotesize  footnotesize \small  small \normalsize  normalsize \large  large \Large  Large \LARGE LARGE \huge  huge \Huge  Huge These are declarations and should be used in the form  {\small  ... } ,or without braces to affect the entire document. Verbatim text \begin{verbatim}  Verbatim environment. \begin{verbatim*}  Spaces are shown as   . \verb!text!  Text between the delimiting characters (in thiscase ‘ ! ’) is verbatim. Justification Environment Declaration  \begin{center} \centering\begin{flushleft} \raggedright\begin{flushright} \raggedleft Miscellaneous \linespread{ x }  changes the line spacing by the multiplier  x . Text-mode symbols Symbols &  \& \_  ...  \ldots  ã  \textbullet $  \$  ˆ  \^{}  |  \textbar  \  \textbackslash %  \%  ˜  \~{}  #  \#  §  \S Accents `o  \‘o  ´o  \’o  ˆo  \^o  ˜o  \~o  ¯o  \=o ˙o  \.o  ¨o  \ o  ¸o  \c o  ˇo  \v o  ˝o  \H o ¸c  \c c  o.  \d o  o¯  \b o     oo  \t oo  œ  \oe Œ  \OE  æ  \ae  Æ  \AE  ˚a  \aa  ˚A  \AA ø  \o  Ø  \O  l  \l  L  \L  ı  \i    \j  ¡  ~‘  ¿  ?‘ Delimiters ‘  ‘  “  ‘‘  {  \{  [  [  (  (  <  \textless ’  ’  ”  ’’  }  \}  ]  ]  )  )  >  \textgreater Dashes Name Source Example Usage  hyphen  -  X-ray In words.en-dash  --  1–5 Between numbers.em-dash  ---  Yes—or no? Punctuation. Line and page breaks \\  Begin new line without new paragraph. \\*  Prohibit pagebreak after linebreak. \kill  Don’t print current line. \pagebreak  Start new page. \noindent  Do not indent current line. Miscellaneous \today  May 24, 2015. $\sim$  Prints  ∼  instead of   \~{} , which makes ˜. ~  Space, disallow linebreak ( W.J.~Clinton ). \@.  Indicate that the  .  ends a sentence when following anuppercase letter. \hspace{ l }  Horizontal space of length  l  (Ex:  l  =  20pt ). \vspace{ l }  Vertical space of length  l . \rule{ w }{ h } Line of width  w  and height  h . Tabular environments tabbing  environment \=  Set tab stop.  \>  Go to tab stop.Tab stops can be set on “invisible” lines with  \kill  at the end of theline. Normally  \\  is used to separate lines.  tabular  environment \begin{array}[ pos ]{ cols }\begin{tabular}[ pos ]{ cols }\begin{tabular*}{ width  }[ pos ]{ cols } tabular  column specification l  Left-justified column. c  Centered column. r  Right-justified column. p{ width  }  Same as  \parbox[t]{ width  } . @{ decl  }  Insert  decl   instead of inter-column space. |  Inserts a vertical line between columns. tabular  elements \hline  Horizontal line between rows. \cline{ x - y }  Horizontal line across columns  x  through  y . \multicolumn{ n  }{ cols }{ text  } A cell that spans  n   columns, with  cols  column specifi-cation. Math mode For inline math, use  \(...\)  or  $...$ . For displayed math, use \[...\]  or  \begin{equation} .Superscript x ^{x}  Subscript x  _{x} xy  \frac{x}{y}  nk =1  \sum_{k=1}^n n √  x  \sqrt[n]{x}  nk =1  \prod_{k=1}^n Math-mode symbols ≤  \leq   ≥  \geq    =  \neq   ≈  \approx ×  \times  ÷  \div  ±  \pm  ·  \cdot ◦ ^{\circ}  ◦  \circ    \prime  ···  \cdots ∞  \infty  ¬  \neg  ∧  \wedge  ∨  \vee ⊃  \supset  ∀  \forall  ∈  \in  →  \rightarrow ⊂  \subset  ∃  \exists  / ∈  \notin  ⇒  \Rightarrow ∪  \cup  ∩  \cap  |  \mid  ⇔  \Leftrightarrow ˙ a  \dot a  ˆ a  \hat a  ¯ a  \bar a  ˜ a  \tilde a α  \alpha  β  \beta  γ   \gamma  δ  \delta   \epsilon  ζ   \zeta  η  \eta  ε  \varepsilon θ  \theta  ι  \iota  κ  \kappa  ϑ  \vartheta λ  \lambda  µ  \mu  ν   \nu  ξ  \xi π  \pi  ρ  \rho  σ  \sigma  τ   \tau υ  \upsilon  φ  \phi  χ  \chi  ψ  \psi ω  \omega  Γ  \Gamma  ∆  \Delta  Θ  \Theta Λ  \Lambda  Ξ  \Xi  Π  \Pi  Σ  \Sigma Υ  \Upsilon  Φ  \Phi  Ψ  \Psi  Ω  \Omega Bibliography and citations When using B ib TEX, you need to run  latex ,  bibtex , and  latex twice more to resolve dependencies. Citation types \cite{ key  }  Full author list and year. (Watson and Crick 1953) \citeA{ key  }  Full author list. (Watson and Crick) \citeN{ key  }  Full author list and year. Watson and Crick (1953) \shortcite{ key  }  Abbreviated author list and year. ? \shortciteA{ key  }  Abbreviated author list. ? \shortciteN{ key  }  Abbreviated author list and year. ? \citeyear{ key  }  Cite year only. (1953)All the above have an  NP  variant without parentheses; Ex.  \citeNP . B ib TEX  entry types @article  Journal or magazine article. @book  Book with publisher. @booklet  Book without publisher. @conference  Article in conference proceedings. @inbook  A part of a book and/or range of pages. @incollection  A part of book with its own title. @misc  If nothing else fits. @phdthesis  PhD. thesis. @proceedings  Proceedings of a conference. @techreport  Tech report, usually numbered in series. @unpublished  Unpublished. B ib TEX  fields address  Address of publisher. Not necessary for major publish-ers. author  Names of authors, of format .... booktitle  Title of book when part of it is cited. chapter  Chapter or section number. edition  Edition of a book. editor  Names of editors. institution  Sponsoring institution of tech. report. journal  Journal name. key  Used for cross ref. when no author.  month  Month published. Use 3-letter abbreviation. note  Any additional information. number  Number of journal or magazine. organization  Organization that sponsors a conference. pages  Page range ( 2,6,9--12 ). publisher  Publisher’s name. school  Name of school (for thesis). series  Name of series of books. title  Title of work. type  Type of tech. report, ex. “Research Note”. volume  Volume of a journal or book. year  Year of publication.Not all fields need to be filled. See example below. Common  B ib TEX  style files abbrv  Standard  abstract alpha  with abstract alpha  Standard  apa  APA plain  Standard  unsrt  UnsortedThe L A TEX document should have the following two lines just before \end{document} , where  bibfile.bib  is the name of the B ib TEX file. \bibliographystyle{plain}\bibliography{bibfile} B ib TEX  example The B ib TEX database goes in a file called  file  .bib , which isprocessed with  bibtex file . @String{N = {Na\-ture}}@Article{WC:1953,author = {James Watson and Francis Crick},title = {A structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid},journal = N,volume = {171},pages = {737},year = 1953} Sample L A TEX document \documentclass[11pt]{article}\usepackage{fullpage}\title{Template}\author{Name}\begin{document}\maketitle\section{section}\subsection*{subsection without number}text \textbf{bold text} text. Some math: $2+2=5$\subsection{subsection}text \emph{emphasized text} text. \cite{WC:1953}discovered the structure of DNA.A table:\begin{table}[!th]\begin{tabular}{|l|c|r|}\hlinefirst & row & data \\second & row & data \\\hline\end{tabular}\caption{This is the caption}\label{ex:table}\end{table}The table is numbered \ref{ex:table}.\end{document} Copyright c   2014 Winston Chang ∼ winston/latex/
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