Managing Water Locally: An essential dimension of community water development | Oxfam | Water Resource Management

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Communities are frequently excluded from important aspects of environmental management. But they can play a fundamental role in the management of common pool resources such as water. This is particularly true when state capacity is weak or when communities remain on the periphery of support from any government. Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) has been widely promoted over the last two decades as a solution for nations’ resources. Yet, managing water resources at a global or state level can be over-ambitious and unrealistic, particularly when many developing countries have weak regulating institutions and limited technical and financial capacity. There is a need to redefine the mechanism for water resource management – giving greater respect to the needs, priorities and possibilities of different countries and contexts. There is potential to develop creative and realistic options for water resource management, particularly at local geographical scales, involving water users. This report explores how local water resources can be managed successfully by community-based institutions in support of state-level initiatives, where they exist. It follows 12 months of close collaboration between the Institute of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB and WaterAid, who are jointly promoting Community-Based Water Resource Management. ‘...the potential for monitoring and managing water resources at local or community level should be better acknowledged. In particular, traditional water management practices must be recognised and used as a foundation for the development of future water management strategies.’ Sir Crispin Tickell.
  MANAGING WATER LOCALLY  An essential dimension of community water development  A joint publication by the Institution of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB and WaterAid  Managing water locally:  An essential dimension of community water development © 2011 The Institution of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB and WaterAid. All rights reserved. Published by The Institution of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB and WaterAid, November 2011. The Institution of Civil EngineersOne Great George StreetWestminsterLondon SW1P 2BPTel: +44 (0)20 7665 2150Fax: +44 (0)20 7222 0973  OxfamOxfam House, John Smith Drive,Cowley, OxfordOX4 2JY Tel: 0300 200 1292Email:  WaterAid47-49 Durham StreetLondonSE11 5JDTel: +44 (0) 20 7793 4500Email: Oxfam Online ISBN 978-1-78077-011-6 Designed and printed by Progression.   CONTENTS Glossary 07 Introduction 11 Options for water resource management 17 Why water resource management is important 25 Integrated Water Resource Management in practice – 37  experiences from Sierra Leone and Ghana Traditional water resource management in practice 45 Experiences from Oxfam and WaterAid field programmes 57  Aligning national water policy to field realities 73 Conclusions on Community-Based Water Resource Management 81  Appendix 1: Identified attributes for engaging in Community-Based 86  Water Resource Management Appendix 2: Basic monitoring of rainfall and groundwater levels 88 References 92 chapter.01chapter.02chapter.03chapter.04chapter.05chapter.06chapter.07chapter.08 3 Managing water locally: An essential dimension of community water development  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This publication was drafted and prepared by Lisa Bunclark, Richard Carter, Vincent Casey, St John Day and Daphne Guthrie.Contributors and their association  with chapters in this publication are: Ishaprasad Bhagwat (Chapter 6), Nick Brooks (Chapter 5), Roger Calow (Chapter 3), Richard Carter (Chapter 3), St John Day (Chapters 2, 4 and 6), Bruce Lankford (Chapter 7), Kabir Rajbhandari (Chapter 6), Paul Trawick (Chapter 5), Julie Trottier (Chapter 7) and Asad Umar (Chapter 6). External reviews were provided by Kerstin Danert, Sean Furey and Richard Taylor. An electronic version of this publication can be found on the Institution of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB and WaterAid websites.The publication should be cited as The Institution of Civil Engineers, Oxfam GB, WaterAid (2011)  Managing water locally. An essential dimension of community water development . 4 Managing water locally: An essential dimension of community water development
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