Menstruation and Menstrual Hygiene Management in Selected KwaZulu-Natal Schools | Menstruation

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Working on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) has been a core component of Oxfam Australia's work in South Africa. The focus of this study was on the impact of menstruation and menstrual hygiene management on girl learners in
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  www.oxfam.org.au MENSTRUATION AND MENSTRUAL HYGIENE MANAGEMENT IN SELECTED KWAZULU-NATAL SCHOOLS  PHOTO © Matthew Willman  1Title:  Menstruation and menstrual hygiene management in selected KwaZulu-Natal schools Published:  May 2016 ISBN:  978-0-620-71161-6 Author:  Moeti Kgware Editor:  Caitlin Martin Design:  LUMO design & illustration (www.lumo.co.za) Copyright:  Oxfam gives permission for excerpts from this paper to be photocopied or reproduced provided that the source is clearly and properly acknowledged. Suggested citation Kgware, M. (2016) Menstruation and menstrual hygiene management in selected KwaZulu-Natal schools, Oxfam. Disclaimer:  The views in this publication are those of the respective author and do not necessarily represent those of Oxfam, The Australian Department of Foreign Aid and Trade or any funding agency. Given the potentially sensitive nature of menstrual hygiene management, no photos of learners were taken during this research project. All photos where individuals are recognisable were taken previously by Max Bastard and Matthew Willman to reflect other Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) activities from our partner organisation Woza Moya. Contact Details: OXFAM OXFAM AUSTRALIA Suite 1B, Strathway Building 132 Leicester Street Strathmore Office Park Carlton 3053 305 Musgrave Road Victoria, Australia Durban, South Africa +61 3 9289 4444 +27 (0) 31 201 0865 enquire@oxfam.org.au enquire@oxfam.org.au www.oxfam.org.au Supported by: This research was funded under the Australia Africa Community Engagement Scheme (AACES). AACES is a partnership of DFAT (Department of Foreign Aid and Trade), ten Australian Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and their Africa-based partners. It contributes to the DFAT strategy for Africa through community-based interventions across the sectors of food security, maternal and child health and water, as well as sanitation and hygiene. The program focuses on marginalised communities, with particular attention to women, children, people with disability and people vulnerable to disaster. Commissioned and published by:  2 INTRODUCTION AND BACKROUND 4  Background 5 Objectives 5 Study participants 5 Sampling method 6 Study method and design 6 Data collection tools 6 STUDY FINDINGS 8  Age of participants 9 Age at menarche (urban and rural) 10 Socio-economics 10 The breadwinner 10 Breadwinner salary 11 Awareness of menstruation 13 Source of information about menstruation 14 Level of education of the mother 14 Place at menarche 15 Reaction at menarche 16 Reaction of first person told 17 Effects of menstruation on studies 17 Absenteeism 18 Use of medication during menstruation 18 Materials used during menstruation 18 Number of baths per day 20 Restrictions during menses 23 Privacy of ablution blocks 24 State of the ablution blocks 24 Cleanliness of ablution blocks 25 Comfort index: attending school during menstruation 25 Action taken when menstruation happens while at school 27 Lessons on menses at school 28 Lessons for boys on menstruation and menstrual hygiene management 29 Type of toilet at home 29 Disposal of sanitary materials at school 29 DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS 30  Experiences of girls at menarche 31 Participants’ knowledge, practices, applications and perceptions related to menstruation 31 Determination of menstrual hygiene management practices in identified schools 32 Impact of the intervention by OneVoice in selected schools 32 RECOMMENDATIONS 34CONCLUSIONS 36
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