Moxa Managed Ethernet Switch User s Manual - PDF

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User s Manual Sixth Edition, September Moxa Inc. All rights reserved. User s Manual The software described in this manual is furnished under a license agreement and may be
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User s Manual Sixth Edition, September Moxa Inc. All rights reserved. User s Manual The software described in this manual is furnished under a license agreement and may be used only in accordance with the terms of that agreement. Copyright Notice 2013 Moxa Inc., All rights reserved. Trademarks The MOXA logo is a registered trademark of Moxa Inc. All other trademarks or registered marks in this manual belong to their respective manufacturers. Disclaimer Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of Moxa. Moxa provides this document as is, without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, its particular purpose. Moxa reserves the right to make improvements and/or changes to this manual, or to the products and/or the programs described in this manual, at any time. Information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However, Moxa assumes no responsibility for its use, or for any infringements on the rights of third parties that may result from its use. This product might include unintentional technical or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein to correct such errors, and these changes are incorporated into new editions of the publication. Technical Support Contact Information Moxa Americas Toll-free: Tel: Fax: Moxa Europe Tel: Fax: Moxa China (Shanghai office) Toll-free: Tel: Fax: Moxa Asia-Pacific Tel: Fax: Table of Contents 1. About this Manual Getting Started Serial Console Configuration (115200, None, 8, 1, VT100) Configuration by Telnet Console Configuration by Web Browser Disabling Telnet and Browser Access Configuring Basic Settings System Identification Password Accessible IP List Port Settings Network Parameters GARP Timer Parameters System Time Settings IEEE 1588 PTP System File Update Restart Reset to Factory Default Using Port Trunking The Port Trunking Concept Port Trunking Settings Configuring SNMP SNMP Read/Write Settings Trap Settings Private MIB Information Using PoE (PoE Models Only) Type Type Using Traffic Prioritization The Traffic Prioritization Concept Configuring Traffic Prioritization Using Virtual LAN The Virtual LAN (VLAN) Concept Sample Applications of VLANs Using Moxa Switches Configuring Virtual LAN QinQ Setting VLAN Table Using Multicast Filtering The Concept of Multicast Filtering Configuring IGMP Snooping Current Active IGMP Streams Static Multicast MAC Addresses Configuring GMRP GMRP Table Multicast Filtering Behavior Using Bandwidth Management Configuring Bandwidth Management Security User Login Authentication User Login Settings User Login Authentication Auth Server Setting Using Port Access Control Static Port Lock IEEE 802.1X Configuring Static Port Lock Configuring IEEE 802.1X Using Auto Warning Configuring Warning Configuring Relay Warning Using Line-Swap-Fast-Recovery Configuring Line-Swap Fast Recovery Using Set Device IP Configuring Set Device IP Using Diagnosis Mirror Port Ping LLDP Function Using Monitor Monitor by Switch Monitor by Port Monitor by SFP Using the MAC Address Table Using Access Control List The ACL Concept Access Control List Configuration and Setup Using Event Log Using Syslog Using HTTPS/SSL EDS Configurator GUI Starting EDS Configurator Broadcast Search Search by IP Address Upgrade Firmware Modify IP Address Export Configuration Import Configuration Unlock Server A. MIB Groups... A-1 1. About 1 this Manual Thank you for purchasing a Moxa managed Ethernet switch. Read this user s manual to learn how to connect your Moxa switch to Ethernet-enabled devices used for industrial applications. The following two chapters are covered in this user manual: Getting Started This chapter explains how the initial installation process for Moxa switch. There are three ways to access Moxa switch's configuration settings: the serial console, Telnet console, and web console. This chapter explains how to access Moxa switch's various configuration, monitoring, and administration functions. These functions can be accessed by serial, Telnet, or web console. The web console is the most user-friendly way to configure Moxa switch. In this chapter, we use the web console interface to introduce the functions. 2. Getting 2 Started In this chapter we explain how to install a Moxa switch for the first time. There are three ways to access the Moxa switch s configuration settings: serial console, Telnet console, or web console. If you do not know the Moxa switch s IP address, you can open the serial console by connecting the Moxa switch to a PC s COM port with a short serial cable. You can open the Telnet or web console over an Ethernet LAN or over the Internet. The following topics are covered in this chapter: Serial Console Configuration (115200, None, 8, 1, VT100) Configuration by Telnet Console Configuration by Web Browser Getting Started Serial Console Configuration (115200, None, 8, 1, VT100) NOTE You cannot connect to the serial and Telnet console at the same time. You can connect to the web console and another console (serial or Telnet) at the same time. However, we strongly recommend that you do NOT do so. Following this advice will allow you to maintain better control over the Moxa switch s configuration. NOTE We recommend using PComm Terminal Emulator when opening the serial console. This software can be downloaded free of charge from the Moxa website. Before running PComm Terminal Emulator, use an RJ45 to DB9-F (or RJ45 to DB25-F) cable to connect the Moxa switch s console port to your PC s COM port (generally COM1 or COM2, depending on how your system is set up). After installing PComm Terminal Emulator, open the Moxa switch s serial console as follows: 1. From the Windows desktop, click Start Programs PComm Lite 1.3 Terminal Emulator. 2. Select Open under the Port Manager menu to open a new connection. 3. The Property window should open. On the Communication Parameter tab for Ports, select the COM port that is being used for the console connection. Set the other fields as follows: for Baud Rate, 8 for Data Bits, None for Parity, and 1 for Stop Bits. 2-2 Getting Started 4. On the Terminal tab, select VT100 for Terminal Type, and then click OK to continue. 5. In the terminal window, the Moxa switch will prompt you to select a terminal type. Enter 1 to select ansi/vt100 and then press Enter. 6. The serial console will prompt you to log in. Press Enter and select admin or user. Use the down arrow key on your keyboard to select the Password field and enter a password if desired. This password will be required to access any of the consoles (web, serial, Telnet). If you do not wish to create a password, leave the Password field blank and press Enter. 7. The Main Menu of the Moxa switch s serial console should appear. (In PComm Terminal Emulator, you can adjust the font by selecting Font from the Edit menu.) 2-3 Getting Started 8. Use the following keys on your keyboard to navigate the Moxa switch s serial console: Key Function Up, down, right, left arrow keys, Move the onscreen cursor Tab Enter Display and select options Space Toggle options Esc Previous menu Configuration by Telnet Console Opening the Moxa switch s Telnet or web console over a network requires that the PC host and Moxa switch are on the same logical subnet. You may need to adjust your PC host s IP address and subnet mask. By default, the Moxa switch s IP address is and the Moxa switch s subnet mask is (referred to as a Class B network). Your PC s IP address must be set to xxx.xxx if the subnet mask is , or to xxx if the subnet mask is NOTE To connect to the Moxa switch s Telnet or web console, your PC host and the Moxa switch must be on the same logical subnet. NOTE When connecting to the Moxa switch s Telnet or web console, first connect one of the Moxa switch s Ethernet ports to your Ethernet LAN, or directly to your PC s Ethernet port. You may use either a straight-through or cross-over Ethernet cable. NOTE The Moxa switch s default IP address is After making sure that the Moxa switch is connected to the same LAN and logical subnet as your PC, open the Moxa switch s Telnet console as follows: 1. Click Start Run from the Windows Start menu and then Telnet to the Moxa switch s IP address from the Windows Run window. You may also issue the Telnet command from a DOS prompt. 2. In the terminal window, the Telnet console will prompt you to select a terminal type. Type 1 to choose ansi/vt100, and then press Enter. 3. The Telnet console will prompt you to log in. Press Enter and then select admin or user. Use the down arrow key on your keyboard to select the Password field and enter a password if desired. This password will be required to access any of the consoles (web, serial, Telnet). If you do not wish to create a password, leave the Password field blank and press Enter. 2-4 Getting Started 4. The Main Menu of the Moxa switch s Telnet console should appear. 5. In the terminal window, select Preferences from the Terminal menu on the menu bar. 6. The Terminal Preferences window should appear. Make sure that VT100 Arrows is checked. 7. Use the following keys on your keyboard to navigate inside the Moxa switch s Telnet console: Key Function Up, down, right, left arrow keys, Move the onscreen cursor Tab Enter Display and select options Space Toggle options Esc Previous menu NOTE The Telnet console looks and operates in precisely the same manner as the serial console. Configuration by Web Browser The Moxa switch s web console is a convenient platform for modifying the configuration and accessing the built-in monitoring and network administration functions. You can open the Moxa switch s web console using a standard web browser, such as Internet Explorer. 2-5 Getting Started NOTE To connect to the Moxa switch s Telnet or web console, your PC host and the Moxa switch must be on the same logical subnet. NOTE If the Moxa switch is configured for other VLAN settings, you must make sure your PC host is on the management VLAN. NOTE When connecting to the Moxa switch s Telnet or web console, first connect one of the Moxa switch s Ethernet ports to your Ethernet LAN, or directly to your PC s Ethernet port. You may use either a straight-through or cross-over Ethernet cable. NOTE The Moxa switch s default IP address is After making sure that the Moxa switch is connected to the same LAN and logical subnet as your PC, open the Moxa switch s web console as follows: 1. Connect your web browser to the Moxa switch s IP address by entering it in the Address or URL field. 2. The Moxa switch s web console will open, and you will be prompted to log in. Select the login account (admin or user) and enter the Password. This password will be required to access any of the consoles (web, serial, Telnet). If you do not wish to create a password, leave the Password field blank and press Enter. NOTE By default, no password is assigned to the Moxa switch s web, serial, and Telnet consoles. 3. After logging in, you may need to wait a few moments for the web console to appear. Use the folders in the left navigation panel to navigate between different pages of configuration options. 2-6 Getting Started Disabling Telnet and Browser Access If you are connecting the Moxa switch to a public network but do not intend to manage it over the network, we suggest disabling both the Telnet and web consoles. This is done from the serial console by navigating to System Identification under Basic Settings. Disable or enable the Telnet Console and Web Configuration as shown below: 2-7 3. Featured 3 Functions In this chapter, we explain how to access the Moxa switch s various configuration, monitoring, and administration functions. These functions can be accessed by serial, Telnet, or web console. The serial console can be used if you do not know the Moxa switch s IP address and requires that you connect the Moxa switch to a PC COM port. The Telnet and web consoles can be opened over an Ethernet LAN or the Internet. The web console is the most user-friendly interface for configuring a Moxa switch. In this chapter, we use the web console interface to introduce the functions. There are only a few differences between the web console, serial console, and Telnet console. The following topics are covered in this chapter: Configuring Basic Settings Using Port Trunking Configuring SNMP Using PoE (PoE Models Only) Using Virtual LAN Using Multicast Filtering Using Bandwidth Management Security Using Port Access Control Using Auto Warning Using Line-Swap-Fast-Recovery Using Set Device IP Using Diagnosis Using Monitor Using the MAC Address Table Using Access Control List Using Event Log Using Syslog Using HTTPS/SSL Configuring Basic Settings The Basic Settings section includes the most common settings required by administrators to maintain and control a Moxa switch. System Identification System Identification items are displayed at the top of the web console and will be included in alarm s. You can configure the System Identification items to make it easier to identify different switches that are connected to your network. Switch Name Max. 30 characters This option is useful for differentiating between the roles or applications of different units. Example: Factory Switch 1. Managed Redundant Switch [Serial no. of this switch] Switch Location Max. 80 characters This option is useful for differentiating between the locations of Switch Location different units. Example: production line 1. Switch Description Max. 30 characters This option is useful for recording a more detailed description of None the unit. Maintainer Contact Info Max. 30 characters This option is useful for providing information about who is responsible for maintaining this unit and how to contact this person. None 3-2 Web Auto-logout (S) 60 to (seconds) Disable or extend the auto-logout time for the web 0 (disabled) management console. Age Time (S) 15 to 3825 (seconds) The length of time that a MAC address entry can remain in the 300 Moxa switch. When an entry reaches its aging time, it ages out and is purged from the switch, effectively cancelling frame forwarding to that specific port. CPU Loading Read-only The CPU usage volume in the past 5 seconds, 30 seconds, and None 5 minutes Free Memory Read-only The immediately free memory of the switch None Jumbo Frame Enable Enables the Moxa switch to support the Jumbo Frame function Disabled Disable Disables the Jumbo Frame function Jumbo Frame MAX (bytes) 1522 to 9000 The maximum length supported by the Jumbo Frame function 9000 NOTE: Jumbo Frame is supported by the IKS-G6000 series and the ICS-G7000 Series. Password The Moxa switch provides two levels of configuration access. The admin account has read/write access of all configuration parameters, and the user account has read access only. A user account can view the configuration, but will not be able to make modifications. ATTENTION By default, a password is not assigned to the Moxa switch s web, Telnet, and serial consoles. If a password is assigned, you will be required to enter the password when you open the serial console, Telnet console, or Web console. 3-3 Account Admin This account can modify the Moxa switch s configuration. admin User This account can only view the Moxa switch s configurations. Password Old password Enter the current password None (max. 16 characters) New password Enter the desired new password. Leave it blank if you want to None (Max. 16 characters) remove the password. Retype password (Max. Enter the desired new password again. Leave it blank if you None 16 characters) want to remove the password. Accessible IP List The Moxa switch uses an IP address-based filtering method to control access. You may add or remove IP addresses to limit access to the Moxa switch. When the accessible IP list is enabled, only addresses on the list will be allowed access to the Moxa switch. Each IP address and netmask entry can be tailored for different situations: Grant access to one host with a specific IP address For example, enter IP address with netmask to allow access to only. Grant access to any host on a specific subnetwork For example, enter IP address with netmask to allow access to all IPs on the subnet defined by this IP address/subnet mask combination. Grant access to all hosts Make sure the accessible IP list is not enabled. Remove the checkmark from Enable the accessible IP list. The following table shows additional configuration examples: Hosts That Need Access Input Format Any host Disable / to / to / to / to / Port Settings Ethernet Port Settings Port settings are included to give the user control over port access, port transmission speed, flow control, and port type (MDI or MDIX). Enable Checked Allows data transmission through the port. Enabled Unchecked Immediately shuts off port access. ATTENTION If a connected device or sub-network is wreaking havoc on the rest of the network, the Disable option under Advanced Settings/Port gives the administrator a quick way to shut off access through this port immediately. Description Media type Displays the media type for each module s port N/A Name Max. 63 characters Specifies an alias for the port to help administrators None differentiate between different ports. Example: PLC 1 Speed Auto Allows the port to use the IEEE 802.3u protocol to negotiate with connected devices. The port and connected devices will determine the best speed for that connection. 1G-Full Auto 100M-Full Choose one of these fixed speed options if the connected 100M-Half Ethernet device has trouble auto-negotiating for line speed. 10M-Full 10M-Half 3-5 FDX Flow Ctrl This setting enables or disables flow control for the port when the port s Speed is set to Auto. The final result will be determined by the Auto process between the Moxa switch and connected devices. Enables flow control for this port when the port s Speed Enable is set to Auto. Disabled Disables flow control for this port when the port s Speed Disable is set to Auto. MDI/MDIX Allows the port to auto-detect the port type of the connected Auto Ethernet device and change the port type accordingly. Auto MDI Choose MDI or MDIX if the connected Ethernet device has MDIX trouble auto-negotiating for port type. Network Parameters Network configuration allows users to configure both IPv4 and IPv6 parameters for management access over the network. The Moxa switch supports both IPv4 and IPv6, and can be managed through either of these address types. A brief explanation of each configuration item is given below. IP4 The IPv4 settings include the switch s IP address and subnet mask, as well as the IP address of the default gateway. In addition, input cells are provided for the IP addresses of a 1st and 2nd DNS server. Auto IP Configuration Disable The Moxa switch s IP address must be set manually. Disable By DHCP The Moxa switch s IP address will be assigned automatically by the network s DHCP server. By BootP The Moxa switch s IP address will be assigned automatically by the network s BootP server. Switch IP Address IP address for the Moxa Assigns the Moxa switch s IP address on a TCP/IP network switch 3-6 Switch Subnet Mask Subnet mask for the Identifies the type of network the Moxa switch is connected to Moxa switch (e.g., for a Class B network, or for a Class C network). Default Gateway IP address for gateway Specifies the IP address of the router that connects the LAN to None an outside network. DNS IP Address IP address for DNS Specifies the IP address of the DNS server used by your None server network. After specifying the DNS server s IP address, you can use the Moxa switch s URL (e.g., to open the web console instead of entering the IP address. IP address for 2nd DNS Specifies the IP address of the secondary DNS server used by None server your network. The Moxa switch will use the secondary DNS server if the first DNS server fails to connect. DHCP Ret
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