Oxfam Minimum Requirements for WASH Programmes: MR-WASH | Oxfam | Sanitation

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This paper is Oxfam’s essential guide for WASH staff and partners. It describes the processes and standards that Oxfam WASH programmes should follow if they are to be carried out effectively, consistently and in a way which treats affected communities with respect. All WASH staff members are expected to understand and follow these Minimum Requirements. However, it is recognised that in acute emergencies it is preferable to start work on the basics immediately, and build up a comprehensive, quality programme in the following days and weeks. There will, therefore, be some programmes in which certain individual requirements are not appropriate or relevant
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  Oxfam Minimum Requirements for WASH Programmes(MR-WASH) Version 2, March 2013  contents Abbreviations 3Introduction 4User notes 6A1 Ways of Working 10A2 Co-ordination 14A3 Working with Communities 16B1 Health Data 17B2 Water 18 B3 Excreta Disposal 23B4 Solid Waste Management 27B5 Handwashing 29B6 Hygiene Kits 30B7 Information, Education and Communication (IEC) 31B8 Shelter 32B9 Camps and Informal Settlements 34B10 Construction Standards 35B11 Cholera and other Diarrhoeal Outbreak Control 36B12 WASH in Drought 37B13 Malaria, Dengue and Vector control 39B14 Other Public Health Programming 41B15 What we don’t do 42C1 Assessments 43C2 Reporting on Programme Interventions 44C3 Vulnerability 45C4 Mainstreaming 46C5 Disaster Risk Reduction 48C6 Accountability 49C7 Health and Safety 50C8 Exit from WASH programmes 51C9 Monitoring, Evaluation and learning 52C10 Contingency Planning 53C11 Remote Programming 54Non-Oxfam References 55 2  MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR OXFAM WASH PROGRAMMES  Abbreviations CBWRM Community-Based Water Resource ManagementDRR Disaster Risk ReductionEFSVL Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable LivelihoodsEMN Emergency Managers NetworkIO Intermon OxfamIRS Indoor Residual Sprayingl/p/d Litres per person per dayLLIN Long-Lasting Insecticide Treated mosquito netsM&E Monitoring and Evaluation MoH Ministry of HealthMoU Memorandum of UnderstandingNTU Nephelolometric turbidity unitsOI Oxfam InternationalO&M Operation and MaintenancePHE Public Health Engineering / Public Health Engineers (staff)PHP Public Health Promotion / Public Health Promoters (staff)PLWHA People Living with HIV and AIDSSAG Strategic Advisory GroupTWG Technical Working GroupWASH Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion  MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR OXFAM WASH PROGRAMMES 3  MR-WASH One Minute Introduction Minimum Requirements for WASH Programmes (MR-WASH)  is Oxfam’s essential guide for WASH staff and partners. It describes the processes and standards that Oxfam WASH programmes should follow if they are to be carried out effectively, consistently and in a way which treats affected communities with respect. All WASH staff members are expected to understand and follow these Minimum Requirements.  However, it is recognised that in acute emergencies it is preferable to start work on the basics immediately, and build up a comprehensive, quality programme in the following days and weeks. There will therefore be some programmes in which certain individual requirements are not appropriate or relevant; in such cases staff members responsible should be able to justify why she/he did things differently, or how the minimum requirement was achieved over time.MR-WASH aims to provide clarity and support about what Oxfam does and how to do it well; it compliments but does not replace external standards such as » SPHERE and the » Accountability ‘Good Enough’ guide. WASH  is a term used by Unicef and the water and sanitation sector to highlight the importance of integrating hygiene promotion in water and sanitation interventions. In Oxfam terms, WASH incorporates: Water (clean water supply for human consumption and household needs); Sanitation  (excreta disposal, solid waste management, drainage, vector control) and Hygiene  (community mobilisation and engagement, information, education and communication, NFI distributions and health data monitoring). 1 WASH encompasses the existing Oxfam language of ‘Public Health Engineering’ and ‘Public Health Promotion’. For completeness, shelter  minimum requirements are also included in MR-WASH, as it will often be WASH teams that implement shelter activities.MR-WASH comprises three parts: A  explains individual responsibilities of WASH staff, and how WASH teams should work together and with partners and communities, and co-ordinate with other programmes and agencies. B  describes minimum requirements for technical Oxfam WASH activities, from water supply and excreta disposal to hand washing and community mobilisation. 4   MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR OXFAM WASH PROGRAMMES
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