Participatory Methodology: Rapid Care Analysis | Empowerment | Facilitator

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The Rapid Care Analysis is a rapid assessment tool to improve the design of a wider programme through gathering evidence to promote the recognition of care work and the identification of practical interventions. A key aim is to reduce the time or labour required for daily housework and caring for people, and thus increase women’s participation, empowerment, leadership and representation in both the public and private spheres. It can also be the start of a longer process of awareness-raising and change for gender justice. The Rapid Care Analysis was revised in 2016 based on learning from the methodology over three years and across more than twenty countries. ã The Guidance for Managers and Facilitators provides the background for making adequate and effective use of the RCA tool, and for making decisions on resources, timeframe and choice of exercises based on the programme objectives and types of outputs required. It should be read before undertaking the exercises in the Toolbox. ã The Toolbox of Exercises presents a concrete method for implementing RCA using participatory exercises which can be adapted to various contexts. The Toolbox also includes templates for capturing findings
  3 PARTICIPATORY METHODOLOGY:  RAPID CARE ANALYSIS GUIDANCE FOR MANAGERS AND FACILITATORS PARTICIPATORY METHODOLOGY: RAPID CARE ANALYSIS Guidance for Managers and Facilitators Thalia Kidder and Carine Pionetti, July 2013Revised by: Unity Chipfupa, Jane Remme and Thalia Kidder, October 2016 we-carewomen’seconomicempowermentand care    3 PARTICIPATORY METHODOLOGY:  RAPID CARE ANALYSIS GUIDANCE FOR MANAGERS AND FACILITATORS   Table of contents 1 Introduction  3 2 Why a Rapid Care Analysis? 4  2.1 What is ‘Rapid Care Analysis’? 4 2.2 Why conduct a Rapid Care Analysis? 4 2.3 Why focus on care? 5 2.4 How will Rapid Care Analysis fit within our existing work? 6 2.5 Change strategy – how does change happen in care? 6 2.6 Key concepts in ‘care’ 7 3 Setting the parameters for using Rapid Care Analysis 9  3.1 Scope the planned RCA 9 3.2 Choose the RCA facilitation team 9 3.3 Orientation of facilitation team 9 3.4 Brief the gatekeepers 10 3.5 Consider your advocacy strategy 10 4 Planning and running the Rapid Care Analysis 12  4.1 Making decisions about how to use the RCA tool 12 4.2 Rapid Care Analysis checklist for planning 14 4.2.1 Planning: four to eight weeks before the RCA 14 4.2.2 Planning: one to two weeks before the RCA 15 4.2.3 Final planning – two to three days before the RCA 16 4.2.4 On the day(s) of the RCA 17 4.2.5 After the RCA 18 4.3 Guidance for documenters – ensuring good quality documentation and reporting 18 5 Getting support and giving feedback 19  This Guidance Document provides support for programme managers and others seeking to integrate care analysis into their work, and to better understand how care is provided and its implications for carers, women, men, girls, and boys. It explains why care analysis is important; provides definitions of key concepts relating to care; and offers tips and guidance PARTICIPATORY METHODOLOGY:  RAPID CARE ANALYSIS GUIDANCE FOR MANAGERS AND FACILITATORS  3 1. introduction for anyone seeking to use the accompanying Rapid Care Analysis Toolbox. The Toolbox offers exercises both for programme managers who want simple, straightforward questions and rapid outputs, and for those who intend to engage in a longer process of awareness-raising and change regarding care provision.  2.1 What is ‘Rapid Care Analysis’? Rapid Care Analysis (RCA) is a set of exercises for the rapid participatory assessment of unpaid household work and care for people in communities. It has been used by Oxfam, local groups, and humanitarian and development agencies to improve the design and outcomes of their programmes. Assessments of care show how women’s responsibility for care work may impact on their participation in or benefit from development projects. Assessments also seek to make visible and improve understanding of patterns of unpaid care work in communities, and to enable the identification of problems and their solutions. The RCA is intended to be simple, low-cost, quick to use, and easy to integrate into existing exercises for programme design or monitoring. 1  The tool comprises eight exercises  aimed at achieving four specific purposes, 2  which are to:i) Explore relationships of care in the community.ii) Identify unpaid and paid work activities performed by women and men, and create a rough estimate of average weekly time spent on each category of work by men and women.iii) Document care for women, men, girls, and boys at a household level, changes in care tasks due to external factors (migration, policies, disasters, etc.), explore social norms impacting on care work, and identify the most problematic care activities for women and the community.iv) Map care support services and infrastructure, identify and prioritise options for reducing and/or redistributing care work. 2.2 Why conduct a Rapid Care Analysis? The RCA exercises are effective in helping inspire local groups to understand care work in their area and find practical solutions to problematic tasks and patterns of care. The RCA can be critical for uncovering less-understood issues that women and girls face to participation  in humanitarian and development programmes, and to benefit equitably from such programmes. Equally, by showing the patterns of care that exist in a specific context, the tool can help ensure that groups of vulnerable or dependent people will continue to receive adequate care during situations of crisis or stress. The RCA can be used in designing or adjusting programmes , through gathering evidence to identify practical interventions that can reduce   the time or labour required for daily housework and caring for people.  For example , a month or two after the earthquake in Nepal (2015) and typhoon in the Philippines (2013), RCA findings were used to improve the design of immediate interventions (emergency food and livelihoods) and of longer-term responses (water, sanitation and hygiene programme; advocacy) to mitigate the effects of the disasters. For example, participants identified the need for communal kitchens, laundry facilities and equipment for childcare. RCA exercises in Oromia, Ethiopia identified collecting firewood as the most problematic care task, leading to the designing of a fuel-efficient stove (using less firewood and eliminating indoor smoke). BOX 1: What RCA is not ã  RCA is NOT a standalone tool for awareness-raising; it is a diagnostic tool.  Thus, it shouldn’t be repeated many times as an awareness-raising session. Other exercises are designed for learning about care or shifting social norms around care roles (see footnote 1). ã RCA is NOT a rigorous quantitative methodology  but offers a snapshot  of the situation regarding unpaid care work in a community. For rigorous evidence on unpaid care work, please consider using the RCA in conjunction with the Household Care Survey approach. 4   PARTICIPATORY METHODOLOGY:  RAPID CARE ANALYSIS GUIDANCE FOR MANAGERS AND FACILITATORS 2. Why a Rapid Care Analysis?
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