Participatory Poverty Monitoring in Rural Communities in Vietn Nam: Second-round synthesis report 2008-2009 | Poverty | Poverty Reduction

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In January 2007, Viet Nam was admitted as the 150th member country of the WTO. It was widely recognised that this would bring many new opportunities to Viet Nam, but would also pose many challenges, especially in ensuring that the full benefits of WTO membership are shared by the whole of Viet Nam's population, including poor and vulnerable people. In this context, ActionAid Viet Nam (AAV), Oxfam Great Britain (OGB) and Oxfam Hong Kong (OHK) started the 'Post WTO' poverty monitoring initiative in early 2007. However, the time frame of this initiative also happened to coincide with the onset of the global economic crisis and so the studies provide further valuable insights into the effects of the crisis on poor and vulnerable people in Viet Nam.The initiative is intended as a longitudinal study of poverty outcomes, linked with changes in livelihoods and market access of vulnerable groups, in selected communities and cities throughout Viet Nam. The intention is to provide analysis and recommendations for policy discussion as well as for the work of Oxfam, AAV and partners.
  Synthesis ReportRound 2 - 2008/9 November 2009 Participatory Poverty Monitoring in Rural Communities in Viet Nam  III TABLE OF CONTENTS  iii PREFACE  v ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  vii ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS  ix EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  xi INTRODUCTION  1Objectives of the report 1Methodology 1 Part 1: An Overview of Poverty Trends and Poverty Reduction Efforts  9 1. OVERVIEW OF RURAL POVERTY TRENDS  91.1 Slow poverty reduction and complicated poverty trends among localities in 2008 91.2 Drivers of poverty reduction 111.3 Challenges to poverty situation 21 Part 2: Key Themes of Poverty Reduction 29 2. THE GAP BETWEEN RICH AND POOR  292.1 The development of the gap between rich and poor 292.2 Near-poor households need further support 502.3 Conclusion: towards narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor 52 3. VULNERABILITY  523.1 Increased vulnerability due to risks and shocks 523.2 Particular vulnerable social groups 603.3 Measures for controlling risks and shocks 633.4 Other measures and support policies 653.5 Conclusion: vulnerability reduction 69 4. GENDER RELATIONS  704.1 Gender difference within households 704.2 Access to resources and services 714.3 Representation and participation in social activities 754.4 Conclusion: Gender equality and poverty reduction 77 5. PARTICIPATION AND EMPOWERMENT  785.1 Participation by the Poor in Policies, Programmes and Projects 785.2 Role of the community and organisations in strengthening participation 835.3 Conclusion: Strengthening participation and empowerment of the poor 86Part 3: Towards Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Rural Vietnam 87 6. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DISCUSSION  876.1 Poverty and vulnerability 876.2 Toward sustainable poverty reduction in rural Vietnam 88 7. REFERENCES  90  TABLE OF CONTENTS
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