Phrasal Verbs Course eBook

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phrasal verbs
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  www.espressoenglish.net © Shayna Oliveira 2013 Phrasal Verbs in Conversation Course Welcome to the Phrasal Verbs Course! Phrasal verbs are no different from any other vocabulary words. However, students often find them difficult because they study lists, for example, 10 phrasal verbs with GET - trying to memorize the differences between get off, get up, get out, etc. This isn't the best way, in my opinion - it just causes more confusion, because all the phrasal verbs seem so similar! A better way is to learn phrasal verbs in context  . That's how native speakers learn - for example, if every morning when I was a child, my mother said to me, Shayna, time to get up! - then I learn from the situation that get up means leave the bed. That's why I created the Phrasal Verbs in Conversation course. It will teach you phrasal verbs through dialogues,  so that you can better understand (and remember) each phrasal verb from the context and situation in which it is used. One very important tip for remembering phrasal verbs is to use them in your own English –  so this course contains both quizzes to help you practice and writing exercises that encourage you to form your own sentences using the phrasal verbs. You can send me your sentences if you’d like to get correction or feedback. Good luck with your learning, and I hope you enjoy the course! Shayna Oliveira  English Teacher, www.EspressoEnglish.net   help@espressoenglish.net  www.espressoenglish.net © Shayna Oliveira 2013 Lesson 1: Phrasal Verbs for Romantic Relationships Read and listen to the dialog Emily:  Who was that guy you were talking to at the bar? It looked like he was hitting on you.   Sarah:  Yeah, we struck up a conversation, and eventually he asked me out.  I gave him my number, but I’m not sure if I’ll actually go out with him.   Emily:  Oh? How come? Sarah:   He’s nice, but I just don’t feel like we have much chemistry –   so I don’t want to lead him on.   Emily:   Well, don’t be too quick to judge. My last boyfriend and I didn’t hit it off   right away –  I only started to fall for him  after we went out a few times and I got to know him better. We were together for 3 years. Sarah:   So why’d you split up?   (If you don’t mind my asking)   Emily:  Not at all. We just started to drift apart –  different interests, different plans for the future. The breakup was mutual. Sarah:   Ah, that’s great. My last relationship was a nightmare –  I hooked up with  a guy at a New Year’s party and we were together for six months –  but we were constantly fighting and making up . I don’t know how I put up with him  for so long. Emily:   How’d it end?   Sarah:  He cheated on me   –  I caught him making out with  his ex. He begged me for another chance, but I know he was just trying to jerk me around   –  so I said no. Emily:  Ugh! Good for you. Sarah:  Heh, thanks. So how about you –  are you going out with anyone at the moment?  www.espressoenglish.net © Shayna Oliveira 2013 Emily:   Oh, I’ve gone on a few dates here and there, but nothing serious. To be honest, I’m not really interested in settling down  just yet –   I’m enjoying the single life too much! Explanation Let’s learn the phrasal verbs from the dialog. First, Emily says it looked like the guy was hitting on  Sarah. To hit on someone is to say or do things that demonstrate romantic or sexual interest in that person. It’s usually a combination of comments and gestures as well as the way you look at the other person. Another way to say this is that the guy was flirting with Sarah. Sarah says the guy asked her out –  to ask someone out is to invite the person to go on a date (a romantic encounter). We often say “asked her out for…” and then the activity: -   He asked her out for lunch / dinner. -   He asked her out for coffee. -   He asked her out for drinks. -   He asked her out for a movie. Sarah then says she’s not sure if she likes the guy, and she doesn’t want to lead him on –  this means to provide false hope or expectation to the other person. So if she pretended to be romantically interested even though she really wasn’t, this would be leading him on. Emily then says that she and her last boyfriend didn’t hit it off right away –  this means they didn’t have a special connection immediately. If you hit it off with someone, it means you like each other and you have great social connection from the first moment you meet. However, with time she began to fall for him   –   the phrasal verb “fall for” means “fall in love with.”  Sarah then asks why Emily and her last boyfriend split up –  this means to separate, to end the romantic relationship. You can say split up or break up –  and breakup can also be used as a noun. Emily says that the breakup  was because she and her  www.espressoenglish.net © Shayna Oliveira 2013 boyfriend drifted apart –  this means they slowly started to go in different directions over time. Sarah’s last relationship was a nightmare (which means it was really terrible). It started when she hooked up with someone at a party. The phrasal verb hook up with someone can be used as a slang expression meaning to have sex with that person, especially someone you just met, or someone you only stay with for one night. However, in Sarah’s case she stayed with the boyfriend for six months, when they were constantly fighting and making up –  that means reconciling and restoring peace in the relationship after a fight. It was a difficult relationship, and Sarah says she doesn’t know how she put up with him for so long . The phrasal verb “put up with”  someone means to tolerate a difficult, annoying, or unpleasant person. The relationship ended when the boyfriend cheated on Sarah –  that means he was kissing or having sex with another woman. Sarah discovered him making out with his ex-girlfriend (kissing her very passionately). The boyfriend wanted another chance with Sarah, but Sarah knew he was trying to jerk her around –  that means to manipulate her or use her for his own advantage –  so she broke up with him (ended the relationship). Sarah asks Emily if Emily is going out with anyone at the moment. The phrasal verb go out with can mean to go out on a date with someone once, or it can mean to be in a relationship for an extended period of time. In this second case, we usually use it in the present continuous –  so Sarah is asking if Emily is currently in a relationship. Emily says she isn’t in a serious relationship because she’s not interested in settling down yet    –  in this context, settle down means to be in a long-term stable relationship (for example, getting married and havin g kids, and living a “typical” family life). You’ve now learned 16 phrasal verbs about romantic relationships –  but wait! It’s time for the most important part, which is to practice what you’ve learned. Scroll down to the bottom of this lesson and take the quiz to test how well you remember the phrasal verbs. Then do the writing exercise, where you can practice using the phrasal verbs in your own sentences.
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