Preparing for the Future? Understanding the influence of development interventions on adaptive capacity at local level in Ethiopia | Climate Resilience

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Ethiopia is currently ranked 11th of 233 countries and other political jurisdictions in terms of its vulnerability to physical climate impacts, and 9th in terms of overall vulnerability, which is physical impacts adjusted for coping ability (CGD, 2011). Yet little is known about its people’s adaptive capacity at individual and community level, or how existing interventions influence a community’s ability to adapt. Recognising the complex relationship between climate and development, research conducted by the Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA) seeks to explore how development interventions impact on adaptive capacity at the local level in Ethiopia, Uganda and Mozambique. It does so using the Local Adaptive Capacity framework (LAC), depicting adaptive capacity as composed of five interrelated characteristics, namely: the assets base
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  PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE IN UGANDA 8   Preparing for the future? Understanding the Influence of Development Interventions on Adaptive Capacity at Local Level in Ethiopia. Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA) Ethiopia Synthesis Report   Eva Ludi, Overseas Development Institute; Million Getnet, Haramaya University; Kirsty Wilson, ACCRA/Oxfam GB; Kindie Tesfaye, Haramaya University; Beneberu Shimelis, Haramaya University; Simon Levine, Overseas Development Institute and Lindsey Jones,Overseas Development Institute  Cover picture:   Densa, an active and innovative woman farmer in Wokin kebele and member of the Oxfam GB/ORDA malt barley marketing project.  ACCRA in Ethiopia is a research and capacity building consortium of Oxfam GB, Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Care International, Save the Children UK, the Government of Ethiopia Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector and Haramaya University. It works in Uganda and Mozambique where World Vision International is also a consortium member. ACCRA is funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Climate Development and Knowledge Network (CDKN).  2 PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE IN ETHIOPIA Contents Acknowledgments 3Abbreviations 3Executive summary 4Section one: Exploring the characteristics of adaptive capacity 6 1.1 Why focus on adaptive capacity? 71.2 Understanding adaptive capacity and the adaptation process 81.2 The Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA) 101.3 Scope of ACCRA’s research in Ethiopia 121.4 Research approach and methods 121.5 Limitations 13 Section two: Understanding the Ethiopian context 14 2.1 Understanding vulnerability in Ethiopia 152.2 Understanding Ethiopia’s climate 192.2.1. Recent climate trends 192.2.2 Climate change scenarios 202.3 Background of the three ACCRA research sites 222.3.1 Ander Kello Kebele, Chifra District 232.3.2 Kase-hija Kebele, Gemechis District 262.3.3 Wokin Kebele, Dabat District 282.4 Changing climates in the three research sites 312.4.1 Mille Meteorological Station 312.4.2 Mieso Meteorological Station 332.4.3 Debark Meteorological Station 34 Section three: Exploring adaptive capacity at the local level 36 3.1 People’s responses to hazards and change 373.2 How development interventions support adaptive capacity 423.2.1. Development interventions and the asset base 423.2.2 Development interventions and institutional development 443.2.3 Development interventions and knowledge and information 473.2.4 Development interventions and innovation 483.2.5 Development interventions and governance 49 Section 4: Lessons from the ACCRA research for development interventions 50 4.1 Supporting people’s own agency 514.2 Reassessing the scale and scope of project interventions 534.3 Enhancing the use of information and knowledge for 54evidence-based decision-making and project design 4.4 Building adaptive capacity at individual and community level requires a 56continuous process of learning, change and innovation and an enabling policy environment 4.5 Enhancing the assessment of planned interventions andstrengthening forward-looking decision-making and governance 574.7 Conclusion 58 Endnotes, Sitre Reports and References 59 Annex 1: Classication of Ethiopian Agro-ecological zones 61
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