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   Donald Trump, Slipping in Polls, Warns of ‘Stolen Election’  Donald J. Trump has lashed out at fellow Republicans, calling them “disloyal” and “far more difficult” than Hillary Clinton.He has griped openly about a “rigged” political system, saying ednesday he has “no respect” for the nonpartisan Commission on!residential Debates and complaining about a “defecti e” microphone in the first debate.#nd on $onday, at a rally in il%es&'arre, !a., he worried the election could be “stolen” from him and singled out !hiladelphia, acity with a large #frican&#merican population, warning, “e ha e to ma%e sure we(re protected.”$r. Trump(s ominous claims of a “stolen election” ) which he often lin%s to blac%, urban neighborhoods ) are not entirely new. 'ut in recent days, he has been pressing the theme with a fresh intensity, citing e erything from the potential for *lection Day fraud to media bias fa oring $rs. Clinton to rigged debates.The assertions & which coincide with $r. Trump(s decline in the polls in the wa%e of a sha%y first debate performance and accusations he forced himself on women & highlight concerns that he may not accept a Clinton ictory, brea%ing from the traditional decorum of defeated presidential candidates and undermining the legitimacy of the election result.#t rallies in recent days, $r. Trump has become a candidate seething with e+cuses, perhaps the clearest manifestation of his frustration with his current standing in the polls and the growing alarm within his campaign that a hite House ictory is slipping away.n $onday, on a trip through !ennsyl ania, $r. Trump began the day urging the almost entirely white crowd outside !ittsburgh to show up to ote, warning about “other communities” that could hi-ac% his ictory. Hillary Clinton  has an 89% chance  of winning the presidency.ClintonTrump“o important that you watch other communities, because we don(t want this election stolen from us,” he said. “e do not want this election stolen.”/ater, at the e ening rally in il%es&'arre, $r. Trump raised more concerns about oting fraud0 “1 -ust hear such reports about !hiladelphia,” he said. “1 hear these horror shows, and we ha e to ma%e sure that this election is not stolen from us and is not ta%en away from us.”He added for emphasis0 “* erybody %nows what 1(m tal%ing about.”The crowd chanted an anti&C22 epithet as $r. Trump attac%ed the “croo%ed media.”The country has not had a presidential candidate from one of the two ma-or parties try to cast doubt on the entire democratic process and system of go ernment since the brin% of the Ci il ar, said Douglas 'rin%ley, a presidentialhistorian at Rice 3ni ersity.“1 ha en(t seen it since 4567, this threat of delegitimi8ing the federal go ernment, and Trump is trying to say our entire go ernment is corrupt and the whole system is rigged,” $r. 'rin%ley said. “#nd that(s a secessionist, re olutionary motif. That(s someone trying to topple the apple cart entirely.”Roger J. tone Jr., a close confidant and informal ad iser to $r. Trump, has also highlighted fears of election rigging. 1n an #ugust column in The Hill,he wrote of oting machine manipulation. #nd during a panel aturday at this year(s 2ew 9or%er :esti al, as he discussed the possibility of such tampering, $r. tone hedged when as%ed whether he would ad ise $r. Trump ) should he lose in 2o ember ) to concede the election and accept its legitimacy.“#s long as there is no irrefutable e idence of fraud, yes,” he told his ;uestioner. “He should ) unless there is any refutable e idence to the contrary.”$r. tone is one of the people behind top The teal, a mo ement of <77 grass&roots olunteers who plan to stand outside what they belie e could be “suspect precincts” on *lection Day and conduct their own e+it polls to compare against oting machine results.  “1n an election in which Donald Trump has made it pretty clear that the Clintons are going to prison, 1 thin% they would do anything to ma%e sure they win it, e en steal it,” $r. tone said. 'ut, he added, “Trump cannot -ust lose and say, =They stole it.( He has to ha e some tangible e idence ) and that(s e+actly what we(re trying to collect.”Democrats fear $r. Trump(s rhetoric, in the short term, will lead to oter suppression ) and, in the long term, couldha e the corrosi e effect of encouraging huge swaths of #mericans to iew $rs. Clinton as an illegitimate presidentif she is elected.“He(s using phrases li%e =rigged election( to incite his followers to rig the election by using tactics li%e oter intimidation, and 1 don(t thin% it(s particularly subtle, and 1 don(t thin% he cares about the integrity of our elections,” said tacey #brams, the Democratic minority leader of the >eorgia House of Representati es.$s. #brams, who is #frican&#merican and has wor%ed on oting&rights issues, is also the founder of the 2ew >eorgia !ro-ect, a oter registration and engagement effort in the state. he said $r. Trump was employing a “ oter intimidation model.”“Just scare them away from the polling place,” she said. “That(s his crude form of oter suppression ) not  particularly artful, but effecti e.”The Clinton campaign is stressing to supporters that they e+pect oter participation to be higher and easier than in  pre ious elections ) but it has also begun recruiting election lawyers to help with oter protection efforts. Get the Morning Briefing by Email hat you need to %now to start your day, deli ered to your inbo+ $onday through :riday.Recei e occasional updates and special offers for The 2ew 9or% Times?s products and ser ices'ottom of :orm!R1@#C9 !/1C9“e are prepared for anything in terms of how he chooses to conduct himself in the closing wee%s of this campaign,and that includes what is increasingly loo%ing li%e a scorched&earth approach,” said 'rian :allon, a spo%esman for the Clinton campaign. “He is clearly trying to lay a foundation for challenging the legitimacy of the potential ne+t  president, -ust as he sought to do with the nation(s first #frican&#merican president.”ith less than a month until the election, $r. Trump(s litany of grie ances has come fast and furious as he has  begun to slip again in the polls.n :riday, $r. Trump also asserted, without offering e idence, that the bama administration was allowing illegal immigrants to enter the country to ote in 2o ember, another e+ample of how he claimed the election was being rigged. “They(re letting people pour into the country so they can go and ote,” $r. Trump said at a meeting he held in 2ew 9or% with the 2ational 'order !atrol Council, the union of border patrol agents.There has been no e idence that the administration is delaying deportations of ) or intentionally letting in ) immigrants so they can ote. A1llegal immigrants are barred from oting in federal elections.B$r. Trump(s claims seem to be resonating among his supporters. #t a campaign stop in 1owa on Tuesday, a woman stood up and, her oice ;ua ering, said she feared “ oter fraud” before offering a star% call to action to >o . $i%e !ence of 1ndiana, $r. Trump(s running mate.“1f Hillary Clinton gets in, 1 myself, 1(m ready for a re olution because we can(t ha e her in,” the woman said.$r. !ence has emerged as $r. Trump(s most loyal defender. 'ut the call to re olt was a step too far for him. “9eah, don(t say that,” he said, sha%ing his right hand as if to try to brush away her comment.He then tried for a more positi e spin0 “There(s a re olution coming on 2o ember the 5th,” he said. “1 promise you.”  Great White Fight: Scientists Feud Over Shark Tagging # battle between state and nonprofit researchers is raging off Cape Cod, highlighting sensiti ities in animal studies.1t?s a shar%&eat&shar% world, and not -ust in the ocean. Scientific American  reports that state and pri ate researchers are feuding o er access to great whites off Cape Cod, with $assachusetts scientists alleging that the acti ities of a nonprofit research groupmay be compromising their studies.The state?s research was recently co ered in a  National Geographic maga8ine story that documents the return of great whites to the coast of 2ew *ngland, where they had largely anished o er recent decades. The shar% reco ery was due to areturn of seals)fa orite prey for the shar%s)and strong legal protections.$assachusetts shar% biologist >reg %omal told Scientific American  that the acti ities of nonprofit group cearch ha e  been e+tremely egregious. cearch has reportedly been chumming waters -ust outside of %omal?s study area, in an effort to attract and then tag shar%s.'ut %omal alleges those acti ities may alter the shar%s? natural beha ior and interfere with his research. n at least one occasion, one of %omal?s research sub-ects has e en been caught by cearch. A/earn more about the rise in shar%s off Cape Cod.Bcearch reportedly does not ha e a permit to operate in state waters but has paperwor% for its acti ities in nearby federal waters. >i en the close pro+imity, %omal has re;uested that cearch cease its acti ities in the region until his study completes in a few years.#n cearch spo%esperson responded to Scientific American  that our scientists ha e as%ed for but ha e not been pro ided any details or e idence that the claim that cearch acti ities in federal waters in $assachusetts would disrupt any studies in state waters. 2ational >eographic has also co ered the wor% of cearch in the past, which has been catching and tagging shar%s for se eral years. The group is perhaps most famous for chronicling the long oyages of $ary /ee    , a female great white with her own Twitter following that has become a minor celebrity. %omal had helped the group tag the big fish in 74 and 74E.The disagreements among the scientists underscores the difficulties and sensiti ities in ol ed in studying large marine animals. Just last wee%, federal scientists announced that they were suspending trac%ing programs of orcas, after one was %illed in the !acific 2orthwest after a botched darting attempt . During a press conference last wee%, scientists said they need trac%ing data to better understand where large sea creatures go)and how we can better protect them from human impacts li%e pollution, ship collisions, and bycatch in fisheries. 9et at the same time, the scientists said they were committed to minimi8ing harm to indi idual animals.1t?s a tough balance that re;uires further study, they said.
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