Social Protection, Building Dignity: Improving working conditions of women workers in the berry sector of Morocco

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Results from this report show that increased collaboration and joint initiatives between workers, civil society, producers, European importers and government institutions have enabled change in the lives of thousands of women. This synergy is now ongoing and the collaboration between these stakeholders will continue. Looking forward, there is room for local associations, government agencies, producers and importers to build on the accomplishments achieved to date. Through the leadership that they have developed throughout the course of the programme, women workers can be central to these efforts to drive long-term sustainable changes across Morocco’s agriculture sector.
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  1 Social protection, building dignity! Improving working conditions of womenworkersin the berrysector of Morocco  2 Social protection, building dignity! Improving working conditions of women workers in the berry sector of Morocco  Acknowledgements First and foremost, we would like to thank the women workers, with whom we have been dialoguing over the past 5 years not only about their daily challenges, but more so about the hidden and underlying causes of these challenges. Their perspicacity is disarming and inspiring. Thanks to all those, near and far, who have contributed to this report. In the first place, thanks to the Moroccan civil society organisations, Oxfam partners, who have collected data during the past three years and have contributed to improving this analysis through sharing their distinct understanding,rooted in their outreach work with women workers. Their commitment supports these workers to work in fair and decent working conditions. Thanks tothe Development Associations Network (RADEV), the Hands United Association, the Federation of the Democratic League for Women's Rights (FLDDF), the Youth for Youth Association (AJJ), the Chaml Association, and the Moroccan  Association of Support for the Promotion of Small Enterprise (AMAPPE) and all members associations of Unity and the Alliance. We also recognise the qualitative contribution of state institutions, particularly the National Social Security Fund (CNSS),labour inspectors, and the Ministry of Employment and Social Affairs who, by their openness and collaboration have allowed us to integrate subtleties into this report and that enriched our understanding of the berry sector. We would like to acknowledge the collaboration of the companies in Morocco and in the United Kingdom thatcontributed their views on the findings of the report. This collaboration was eased from the beginning of the programme by Oxfam’s colleagues based in the UK, the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) who both played a crucial role in making this project reality. This report is really showing how the collaboration between Oxfam, ETI, thefruit importers and UK based retailers has really given fruits. We would like to thank them individually, as their engagement and commitment was crucial in achieving this and as a group, since the synergy has revealed the enormous potential of collaboration. This report would not have been possible without the financial support of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo, AECID) and the European Union (EU), two important partners who believed in the potential of this programme.  3 Table of contents 1.Summary...................................................................................................................................... 2.Acronyms..................................................................................................................................... 3.Introduction.................................................................................................................................. 4.Context......................................................................................................................................... 4.1. In Morocco........................................................................................................................... 4.2. Analysis of the berry Sector  –  Situation in 2009.................................................................. 4.3. Berry Exportation................................................................................................................. 5. Oxfam’s  programme.................................................................................................................... 5.1. Rationale and Approach...................................................................................................... 5.2. Programme Components.................................................................................................... 5.2.1. The Association of Women Workers............................................................................ 5.2.2. Observatory................................................................................................................. 5.2.3. Campaign....................................................................................................................   Caravan project..................................................................................................   National Social Security Fund Unit.....................................................................   Identity Unit.........................................................................................................   International strategy and the Better Strawberries Group................................... 6.Evaluation of results....................................................................................................................6.1. Methodology........................................................................................................................ 6.2. National Identity Card.......................................................................................................... 6.3. National Social Security Fund............................................................................................. 6.4. Labour Providers................................................................................................................. 6.5. Transport............................................................................................................................. 6.6. Health and Security............................................................................................................. 6.7. Minimum wage.................................................................................................................... 7.Constraints..................................................................................................................................7.1. During programme implementation in Morocco................................................................... 7.2. Encountered by Better Strawberries group.......................................................................... 8.Future of Better Strawberries group and recommendations........................................................ 8.1. The future of the group......................................................................................................... 8.1.1. Ways of working........................................................................................................... 8.1.2. Sustainability of impact................................................................................................ 8.2. Recommendations............................................................................................................... 8.2.1. For companies importing berries.................................................................................. 8.2.2. For the producers......................................................................................................... 8.2.3. For the government...................................................................................................... 8.2.4. For Civil Society Organisations.................................................................................... 9.Conclusion................................................................................................................................... 04 06 07 07 07 08 10 11 11 13 13 14 14 14 15 15 15 17 17 18 20 22 24 25 27 28 28 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 33
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