STATE OF MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION LANSING D:T. Approval of the Revised Michigan Definition for Identifying Highly Qualified Teachers - PDF

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JENNFER M GRANHOLM GOVERNOR STATE OF MCHGAN DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATON LANSNG MCHGANa,-- Edtion THOMAS D WATKNS JR SUPERNTENDENT OF PUBLC NSTRucnON April 22, 2003 n - A D:T MEMORANDUM TO: FROM: SUBJECT: State
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JENNFER M GRANHOLM GOVERNOR STATE OF MCHGAN DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATON LANSNG MCHGANa,-- Edtion THOMAS D WATKNS JR SUPERNTENDENT OF PUBLC NSTRucnON April 22, 2003 n - A D:T MEMORANDUM TO: FROM: SUBJECT: State Board of Education Thomas D Watkins, Jr Approval of the Revised Michigan Definition for dentifying Highly Qualified Teachers The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of2001 requires that all teachers of core academic subjects [English, reading, language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, art, history, and geography (NCLB Section 9101)] be highly qualified by the end of the school year New teachers hired to teach in Title targeted assistance or school-wide programs must meet the highly qualified definition as a condition of employment n essence, highly qualified means that the teacher has full state certification and has passed a rigorous state test in the subjects in which they are endorsed and will be assigned to teach Teachers certified in Michigan since the full implementation of the Michigan Test for Tepcher Certification (MTTC) will meet the definition of highly qualified The MTTC was fully implemented in 1992 Experienced elementary and secondary teachers who were certified prior to implementation of the MTTC and teaching in their minor subject area endorsement(s) will not meet the highly qualified definition n order to offer these individuals an opportunity to meet, the highly qualified requirement by the end of the school year, the Michigan Department of Education has developed the revised, Michigan Definition for dntifying Highly Qualified Teachers A socond draft of the referenced document was presented to the State Board of Education (SBE) on April 17, 2003 Final revisions have been made to the document and are noted in small capital letters Also, the Michigan Content Area Rubric has been eliminated as an attachment The document is now being presented to the SBE for approval and submission to the United States Department of Education by September 1,2003 for dentifyin Hi dated ADril ualified Teachers as discussed in the Su erintendent's memorandum STATE BOARD OF EDUCATON KATHLEEN N STRAUS - PRESDENT SHARON L GRE - VCE PRESDENT CAROLYN L CURTN - SECRETARY HERBERT S MOYER - TREASURER MARANNE YARED MCGURE - NASBE DELEGATE JOHN C AUSTN ElABETH W BAUER ELEEN LAPPN WESER 608 WEST ALLEGAN STREET PO BOX LANSNG, MCHGAN _mlchigangov/mde (517) N ACCORDANCE WTH CRTERA PROVDED BY THE NO CHLD LEFT BEHND (NCLB) ACT OF 2001 MCffiGAN DEPARTMENT OF EDUCA non THOMAS D WATKNS, JR SUPERNTENDENT OF PUBLC NSTRUCTON MCHGAN'S TEACHER CERTFCATON SYSTEM ntroduction Michigan law requires that a person employed in an elementary or secondary school with instructional responsibilities shall hold a certificate, permit, or vocational authorization valid for the position to which he/she is assigned Within the Michigan Department of Education (MDE), the Office of Professional Preparation Services COPPS) is the organizational unit to which compliance with this requirement is assigned This office fosters the educational achievement of all Michigan youth and adults by assuring that all professional school personnel complete quality preparation and professional development programs that meet standards established by the Michigan Legislature, the State Board of Education, and the Superintendent of Public nstruction The MDE and the OPPS are committed to assuring that all Michigan educators meet the requirements of being highly qualified under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 BACKGROUND NFORMA non n Michig as in most states, the usual or traditional process by which one obtains a license to teach is through completion of a college or university teacher education program approved by the Michigan Department of Education (MDE) MCL of Act 451 ofpa 1976 authorized the State Board of Education (SBE) to determine the requirements for, and issue all, licenses and certificates for teachers in public schools MCL Section 3 of Act 302 of P A 1921 asserts that no one shall teach in any private, denominational or parochial school who does not hold a certificate which would qualify him or her to teach in like grades of the public schools of the state Currently, there are 32 colleges and universities approved by the State Board of Education to prepare teachers and recommend them to the Board for licensure to teach Licensure means the official recognition by the SBE that an individual has met state mandated requirements and is approved to practice as a licensed educator in the state The state mandates include addressing the alignment of teacher preparation and student standards Requirements pertinent to the preparation of teachers and issuance of a teaching license/certificate are compiled in the SBE Administrative Rules Governing the Certification of Michigan Teachers Reflecting the policy decisions of the SBE, these rules cover the spectrum of teacher licensure/certification including information/activities from the definition of terms to the suspension and revocation of the credential n accordance with Subsection (1) of Rule , credits toward certification must be completed or transferred to an approved teacher education institution and shall be acceptable toward requirements for a Provisional certificate and a bachelors or higher degree This provision authorizes the traditional route Michigan and other states use to certify teachers, including a college/university-approved teacher preparation program Specifications or 1 ' standards concerning the contents of these programs are outlined in the following administrative rules: R General education and substantive fields; R Professional education; and R Scholastic averages and directed student teaching NTENSVE PROFESSONAL DEVELOPMENT REQUREMENTS Section 1526 of the Revued School Code designates the first three years of classroom teaching experience as the induction period for novice teachers t requires that novice teachers be assigned to one or more master teachers who shall act as a mentor t also requires that the novice teacher receive 15 days of intensive professional development induction into teaching, based on a professional development plan that is consistent with the requirements of Section 3a of Article n of Act No 4 of the Public Acts of the Extra Session of 1937 (The Teacher Tenure Act), being Section 3883a of the Michigan Compiled Laws Section 1527 of/he Revised School Code requires that all local school districts, public school academies and intermediate school districts provide at least five days of teacher professional development each year The professional development days provided under this section do not count toward the professional development required under Section 1526 for novice teachers STRUCTURE OF MCmGAN'S TEACHER CERnFCATON SYSTEM The process for certifying teachers has evolved over a long period of time during which changes in requirements and procedures have occurred Considering this, many individuals now teaching were certified under regulations and procedures that may differ from those currently in effect n addition, because of new requirements mandated by NCLB, those who are currently certificated to teach in Michigan may not meet the definition of highly qualified and will need to meet the new requirements as outlined in the previous section of this document CERTFCATE TYPES - Michigan issues the following two types of certificates: Provisional certificate - this initial teaching credential, which is earned by successful completion of an approved teacher education pro authorizes an individual to teach in a designated levevarea of specialization This type of certificate is valid for a period of up to six years, during which the holder is expected to gain experience as a practicing professional, and to acquire additional professional developmenthrough advanced study as a prerequisite for the next level of certification Professional Education certificate - the advanced teaching credential which is earned after the issuance of the Provisional certificate by acquiring at least three years of experience as a practicing teacher and by the successful completion of at least 18 semester hours of additional study including the reading requirement of 6 semester hours for elementary level certification or 3 semester hours for secondary level certification, or an advanced higher education degree This type of certificate replaces the Continuing Education or Permanent certificate issued prior to a rule 2 change effective June 30, 1992 The Professional Education certificate differs from the Continuing Education certificate because it has a validity period of only five years, during which the holder must acquire at least 6 semester credit hours or 18 state board-approved continuing education units or a combination of the two, in additional professional development appropriate to the subject(s) or students they teach as a requirement for certificate renewal Michie:an Test for Teacher Certification lmttc) Section 1531 of Public Act 451 (1976), as amended by Public Act 267 (1986), Public Act 282 (1992), and Public Act 289 (1995), mandates a testing program as part of Michigan's teacher certification requirements The purpose of the tests is to ensure that each certified teacher has the necessary basic skills and content knowledge to serve in Michigan public schools The MTTC basic skills test was implemented in 1991 and the subject area examinations were implemented in 1992 Basic Skills test All candidates for a Michigan Provisional teaching certificate must pass a test in basic skills (reading, mathematics, and writing) Candidates must pass the Basic Skills test before enrolling in student teaching Academic content-area tests Candidates for secondary-level teaching certificates must pass the corresponding subject-area test for each academic content area in which they are to be certified The major or minor examination is the same test with the same minimum passing scores Elementary Education test Candidates for an elementary-level teaching certificate must pass the Elementary Education test Candidates for an elementary-level teaching certificate who wish to teach in classrooms in grades 6-8 in specific subject areas must also pass the appropriate subject-area tests in order to qualify for the endorsements Secondary teachers certified since the full implementation of the MlTC meet the NCLB definition of highly qualified to teach in their majors and minors and/or additional subject area endorsements Elementary teachers certified since the full implementation of the MlTC also meet the NCLB definition of highly qualified LEVELS AND AREAS OF CERnFCAllON in the following two levels: - Michigan issues a license/certificate to teach Elementary - An elementary certificate issued after September, 1988, authorizes an individual to teach all subjects in grades kindergarten to, and including, grade 5, for teaching subject area endorsements (major or minor) in grades 6 to, and including, grade 8 in which the applicant has completed a major or minor, and for teaching all subjects in grades kindergarten to, and including, grade 8 when those subjects are taught in a selfcontained classroom in which a majority of the instruction is provided by one teacher 3 FT An elementary certificate issued prior to September 1, 1988, is valid for teaching all subjects in grades kindergarten to 8 and in subject area endorsements (major or minor) in grade 9 Secondary - A secondary certificate issued after September 1, 1988, authorizes an individual to teach in subject areas in grades 7 through 12 in which the applicant has completed a major or minor A secondary teaching certificate issued prior to September 1, 1988, is valid for teaching all subjects in grades 7 and 8 and in subject area endorsements (major or minor) in grades 9 to 12 n addition to the requirement of at least a major and a minor, or three minors (of which two must be in a substantive field or content area), Michigan requires its teachers to complete not less than 40 semester hours of general or liberal education Also required are 20 semester hours in theoretical and practical knowledge focusing on human growth and learning of children and youth, children with special needs and of diverse cultures, the structure, function and purpose of education in society, and methods and materials for appropriate instruction t is noted that at least six of the 20-credit-hour required minimum must provide the opportunity for directed student teaching at the level for which a certificate is granted Completion of a substantive or content area major or minor will be shown on a teaching certificate as an endorsement if the individual takes and passes the appropriate subject area test mandated by Subsection of Section 22 of the Revised School Code AL TERNA TVE ROUTES TO TEACHER CERTFCA non Michigan's Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification (MARTC) process was approved by the State Board of Education on May 12,1993 The purpose ofmartc is to address local/regional teacher shortages: () in specific grade levels, (2) in subject areas or geographic settings, and (3) in order to promote diversity of culture and gender by expanding the pool of minority and underrepresented teacher candidates As a non-traditional route, MARTC does not lead to an alternative license t does not result in lower standards for entry into the profession, nor does it enable untrained or inadequately trained individuals to engage in classroom practice uirements t should be noted that MARTC has not been widely implemented by local school districts in Michigan EXPERMENTAL PROGRAMS: Approved teacher preparation institutions may apply for approval of experimental or alternative certification programs under R These experimental programs are usually directed to address the needs of individuals who hold a bachelor's or higher degree and wish to complete certification requirements in an expedited program 4 ndividuals who complete certification requirements under approved experimental programs will qualify for the Michigan Provisional teaching certificate upon recommendation of the approved teacher preparation institution Section 1233 (b) of the Revifed School Code allows local districts to employ non-certificated, non-endorsed teachers to teach courses in computer science, foreign languages, mathematics, biology, chemistry, engineering, physics, or robotics in grades 9-12 provided they hold at least a bachelor's degree from an accredited postsecondary institution; have a major or a graduate degree in the field of specialization in which he or she will teach; and have, in the 5-year period immediately preceding the date of hire, not less than 2 years of occupational experience in the field of specialization in which he or she will teach The experience requirement does not apply to foreign languages f an individual hired under this provision teaches for more than one year, he or she is required to pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification basic skills and the applicable subject area examination(s) and be annually and continually enrolled and completing credit in an approved teacher preparation program leading to a Provisional teaching certificate ndividuals enrolled in the alternative/experimental certification programs are considered highly qualified under NCLB and will have three years to complete certification requirements ndividuals employed by a local district under an alternative/experimental certification program must: (1) Receive high-quality professional developmenthat is sustained, intensive, and classroom-focused in order to have a positive and lasting impact on classroom instruction, before and while teaching; (2) Participate in a program of intensive supervision that consists of structured guidance and regular ongoing support for teachers or a teacher mentoring program; (3) Assume functions as a teacher only for a specified period of time not to exceed three years; and (4) Demonstrate satisfactory progress toward full certification as prescribed by the State TEMPORARY TEACHER EMPLOYMENT AUTHORA non: Section 1531(15) of the Revised School Code authorizes the MDE to issue a one-year nonrenewable Temporary Teacher Employment Authorization to out-of-state teacher applicants who hold a valid license in another state This allows the individual one year to take and pass the MlTC basic skills test and appropriate subject area exam1narion(s) 5 No Child Left Behind lnclb) Requirements for Hie:hlv Qualified Teache The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires that all teachers of core academic subjects be highly qualified Core academic subjects include English, reading, language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography (NCLB Section 9101) Timeline for Compliance The timeline for meeting this requirement is contingent upon two elements: (1) the date of employment and (2) whether the teacher is working in a program supported by Title funds (targeted assistance or school-wide) Note: 2 The first day of school is defined as the first day of school that students report per the district school calendar New teachers trained at an approved Michigan teacher preparation institution will meet the definition ofhighiy qualified because they are required to take and pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) basic skills test and appropriate subject area examinations 6 D R--AFT Hi2hlv Qualified Teachers--Elementarv Level A highly qualified teacher at the elementary level who is new to the profession must hold at least a bachelor's degree, and full state certification including passage of the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) basic skills test and the comprehensivelementary examination New elementary teachers who are assigned to teach specific content area(s) in grades 6-8 must pass the School appropriate Code MTfC subject area examination as required by Section 1531 of the ' Michigan Revised A highly qualified teacher at the elementary level who is not new to the profession and was issued a Michigan teaching certificate prior to jrnplementation of the M1TC (the M1TC was fully jrnplemented in 1992), in addition to holding at least a bachelor's degree and full state certification, each teacher will need to provide evidence ofmeetmg one of the following options: Passage of the MTTC general elementary examination and any subject area examinations for which the teacher is endorsed and is, or will be, teaching in grades 6-8 ndividuals who hold the old K-8 all subjects (no longer issued after September 1,1988) designation on their elementary teaching certificates may elect to take and pass the MTTC subject area examination for each subject that he/she is assigned to teach in grades 6-8 if they do not hold a major in the subject, OR A GRADUATE DEGREE N ANY SUBJECT AREA DREClLY RELAlED TO ElEMENTARY TEAClllNG, OR Achieve National Board Certification or credentialing in any subjects(s) at an appropriate developmentallevel(s), OR The following high objective uniform state standard of evaluation (HOUSE): 1 Have at least 3 years of teaching experience at the elementary level and have completed, since the issuance of the Provisional teaching certificate, a minimum of 18 semester credit hours in a planned standards-based SBE-approved endorsement program or a master's or higher degree in an area appropriate for elementary education, OR 2 Have at least 3 years of teaching experience and, before the end of the school year, have completed an mdividual professional development plan approved by the local school improvementeam, mcluding completion of professional development activities 1HA T ARE ALGNED WnH me ST A 1E PROFESSONAL DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS AND consisting of at least 90 contact hours or 6 semester hours of coursework m a standards-based (m accordance with the SBE-approved standards that are
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