Taha & WAw Alphabets Description-10

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Taha & WAw Alphabets Description
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  {Taha} & {wAw}, The universal Methods of writing –   Alphabets Description   0 Taha & wAw Alphabets Description Writing Geometric Method {Taha} { TaYa } –  { aYaT } (  ه ط ) Writing Arabic Way Method {wAw} { w w } –  { wAw } ( واو )   Table of Contents Chapter 1- Introduction  ................................................................................................................................. 1 Chapter 2- Types of Letters  .......................................................................................................................... 2 2.1 Consonant Letters and Vowels  ........................................................................................................... 2 2.2- Hard & Soft Consonant letters  ........................................................................................................... 2 2.3- Additive Arabic and Latin Consonant Letters  ................................................................................... 3 2.4- Dynamic and Static Consonant Letters  .............................................................................................. 3 2.6- Arabic Movements and Vowels ......................................................................................................... 3 2.5- Very long movement and Aleph  ........................................................................................................ 4 2.7-English Vowels & Consonants  ........................................................................................................... 4 Chapter 3- Taha and wAw Methods  ............................................................................................................. 5 3.1- What is Taha and wAw?  .................................................................................................................... 5 3.2- Vowels & wAw Method  .................................................................................................................... 5 3.4- Vowels & Taha Method  .................................................................................................................... 7 Chapter 4- Taha and wAw Letters  ................................................................................................................ 8 4.1- The 10 Arabic, English & French Vowels  ......................................................................................... 8 4.2- The 8 French Specific Vowels  ........................................................................................................... 8 4.4- The 32 Geometric Consonant Letters  ................................................................................................ 8 Chapter 5- Taha and wAw Texts  .................................................................................................................. 9 Dr. Eng. Ziad Amer Hammoodi 6 October 2016     {Taha} & {wAw}, The universal Methods of writing –   Alphabets Description   1 Chapter 1- Introduction The human speech  is made up from series of various successive sounds prepared inside the mouth or launched outside the mouth in different ways and directions.  An alphabet  is a set of symbols used to represent the launching process of human sounds in order to reproduce the same speech by reading the same written symbols. There should be a subset of symbols called consonant  letters to represent the different sounds  and another subset called movements  or vowels, to represent the different ways and directions of launching these sounds. The first known alphabet in the world is the 22 Phoenician Abjad consonant letters which is the ancestor of most alphabets as Greek, Latin and Arabic. But, the Phoenician movements or vowels associated with these consonants were optional and unknown. The Arabs  realized that Abjad consonant letters can be classified into hard and soft and the movements can be classified into short and long movements. They preserved the Phoenician letters and added 6 consonant letters  required for the decimal system. The Arabs adopted 3 optional   short movements  (Fathah, Dummah, Kasrah) and other 3 mandatory   long movements  (Mad Fath, Mad Dum, Mad Kasr) to be written above or below consonant letters. The 3 consonant letters (Alif, Waw, Yaa) were used as vowels instead of long movements and as carriers of the first Abjad letter. The Romans , influenced by the Greek, used initially 21 letters including 16 consonants and 5 vowels. Many Phoenician consonant letters were dropped to reappear after few centuries. Other consonant letters disappeared or had been transformed into vowels. The Phoenician consonant letter (j) was initially dropped by the Greek then by the Romans and there letters were called Alphabet instead of Abjad . The first Phoenician consonant letter ( Aleph ) was transformed by the Greeks and by the Romans into a vowel Alpha  or ( A ). However, the sound of a hidden Aleph is still found in all English and French words starting with vowels. The funny English vowel (i) pro nounced as the word “eye”  is a flagrant example of the bizarre transformation of the Phoenician consonant “Ayn”  which also means eye. To compensate missing consonants in Latin, combined letters and vowels are used in English. In French more oral and nasal vowels and various accents are used.  Although, the consonants (y, w, k, g, j) had been added in Latin after centuries, the mix up among vowels and consonants is still dominant for historical reasons.  {Taha} & {wAw}, The universal Methods of writing –   Alphabets Description   2  A solution for recognition of the pronunciation of English and French words is currently found in a third alphabet called the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Geometric alphabet provides a radical solution of this mix up among consonant letters and vowels and the consequent problems and mistakes of spelling and pronunciation. In the Geometric method of writing, all accents, diacritics and combined letters will be eliminated and all spelling and pronunciation books and dictionaries will be phased out. Chapter 2- Types of Letters 2.1 Consonant Letters and Vowels The human speech is expressed by sentences or phrases made from words. Each word is composed of one or more syllable. Syllables are made from dynamic and static letters. Letters express different human sounds and the way these sound are launched.  A consonant letter represents a specific sound made inside the mouth while a vowel represents the process of launching the sound outside the mouth in a specific direction. The word consonant means something rela ted to a real sound or “son” in French. The word consonant is frequently and wrongly confused with the word constant which means fixed when translated from English into Arabic. In Arabic a consonant letter is called a right letter pronounced by a robust person while a vowel is called a long movement “Mad” or weak letter which can reproduce the sound of a weak person when associated with the first Abjad letter. Try it. 2.2- Hard and Soft Consonant letters Consonant letters can be classified into hard and soft letters with heavy and light sounds depending on the manner in which the sound is formed inside the oral and nasal cavities and on the direction in which the sound is launched outside the mouth. In general, softer consonant letters come out from the front of mouth with looser cheeks and flatter tongue. In Arabic, there are five soft letters ( ت , ك , د , س , ذ ) {t, k, d, s, dh} and five corresponding hard letters ( ط , ق , ض , ص , ظ ) {T, K, D, S, Dh} as in the following pairs of Arabic words: {tab, TAb}, {kalb, Kalb}, {dayn, Daym}, {sayf, Sayf}, {dhIb, Dhab}. In English, the same letter is used to express both the light and the corresponding heavy sound as in the following pairs of English words: (tin, Ton), (care, Car), (dad, Dog), (sin, Sun), (low, Law), (nil, Nile), (me, Mine), (fat, Far).  {Taha} & {wAw}, The universal Methods of writing –   Alphabets Description   3 2.3- Additive Arabic and Latin Consonant Letters The Arabs started with the 22 Phoenician consonant letters and then added 6 new letters by using one additional point to 6 existing letters ( غ , ظ , ض , ذ , خ , ث ). The Romans started with 21 Greek letters and then added 5 missing Latin consonant letters (k, g, j, w,   y) after few centuries. In English, 7 missing Arabic letters were added by using additional (h) to 6 existing Latin letters (ch, dh, gh, kh, sh, th, th). Additionally, 4 English letters missing in Arabic (g, p, v, ch) were added to Geometric letters 2.4- Dynamic and Static Consonant Letters  A static letter   is a consonant letter made inside the mouth but not launched outside. An  Arabic static letter can be associated with an optional static mark called “ Sukoon ”.This mark is used in Arabic because short movements are also optional. In Geometric method, optional marks are not allowed. Unmarked Geometric consonant letters not followed by vowels are considered static letters by default. Words could not start by static letters in Arabic but not in English and French. In reality there is a hidden dynamic letter with every short movement coming from back the throat at the beginning of words starting with a static letters. Try it in the word stable.  A dynamic letter   is a consonant letter made inside the mouth and launched outside. It is associated with a short movement or long movement. The period of time taken for launching a consonant letter in a specific direction, before the sound vanishes, determines if this movement is short or long one. The Arabs identified 3 short movements when launching a consonant letter in three relative directions: up, down and to the front of the mouth (   َ ,  َ ,  َ ) and called them Fathah, Kasrah and Dummah respectively. 2.6- Arabic Movements and Vowels Movements associated with the dynamic consonant letters can be written as marks above or below these letters or after these letters and called vowels in this case. In Arabic, the three short movements associated with dynamic letters written as optional marks above or below these letters while the three long movements are mandatory and written as vowels after the consonant letters. Three consonant letters called (Alif, Waw, Yaa) were selected to fulfill the role of Arabic vowels. These letters are also used as carriers of Hamzah. The mix up between vowels and consonant letters is controlled in holy Quran text by associating mandatory short movements to the consonant letters preceding the vowels as in the word ( ا  ي  حو  ).
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