The Effectiveness and Efficiency of Interventions Supporting Shelter Self-Recovery Following Humanitarian Crises | Humanitarian Crisis | Department For International Development

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  Evidence Synthesis Humanitarian Evidence Programme JANUARY 2017 THE EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF INTERVENTIONS SUPPORTING SHELTER SELF-RECOVERY FOLLOWING HUMANITARIAN CRISES  About this evidence synthesis This is an independent evidence synthesis commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme, a partnership between Oxfam GB and Feinstein International Center at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, funded by aid from the United Kingdom (UK) government through the Humanitarian Innovation and Evidence Programme at the Department for International Development. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of Oxfam, Feinstein or the UK government. About the research team This evidence synthesis was led by Victoria Maynard, Elizabeth Parker and John Twigg. The research team at Habitat for Humanity and University College London also included: Fatemeh Farnaz Arefian, Lizzie Babister, Laura Howlett, Anshu Sharma, Elizabeth Wagemann and Jake Zarins. The initial database and website searches took place during January and February 2016. Citation Maynard, V., Parker, E. and Twigg, J. (2017). The effectiveness and efficiency of interventions supporting shelter self-recovery following humanitarian crises: An evidence synthesis . Humanitarian Evidence Programme. Oxford: Oxfam GB. Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank everyone who contributed their thoughts, reviewed drafts and shared documents as part of the development of this pioneering research in the shelter sector. We offer our thanks to all the interested parties who completed the survey and shaped the research questions  –  we hope the answers to some of the questions you put to us are in this report. We would also like to thank Eleanor Ott, Roxanne Krystalli and the team at Oxfam GB and Feinstein for their support throughout this process. Series editors The report forms part of a series of humanitarian evidence syntheses and systematic reviews covering child protection, market support, mental health, nutrition, pastoralist livelihoods, shelter, urban contexts, and water, sanitation and hygiene. The reports and corresponding protocols (methodology) can be found at:  https://www.gov.uk/dfid-research-outputs  http://fic.tufts.edu/research-item/the-humanitarian-evidence-program/  http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-work/humanitarian/humanitarian-evidence-programme.The series editors are: Roxanne Krystalli, Eleanor Ott and Lisa Walmsley. Photo credit Residents in front of a house destroyed by the earthquake in Tripureshwor VDC, Nepal. Jes  Aznar/Oxfam. June 2015.  © Copyright Oxfam GB 2017   This publication is subject to copyright but the text may be used free of charge for the purposes of advocacy, campaigning, education and research, provided that the source is acknowledged in full. The copyright holder requests that all such use be registered with them for impact assessment purposes. For copying in any other circumstances, or for re-use in other publications, or for translation or adaptation, permission must be secured and a fee may be charged. Email: lwalmsley1@ght.oxfam.org  CONTENTS 0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY i   1 INTRODUCTION 1   2 BACKGROUND 2   2.1 Humanitarian shelter and settlements 2   2.2 Support for shelter self-recovery 5   2.3 How support for shelter self-recovery might work 8   2.4 The need for this research 9   3 METHODS 11   3.1 Report aims and research questions 11   3.2 Overview of methods 11   3.3 Development of review protocol (Step 1) 12   3.4 Run OF search terms and initial screening of documents (Step 2) 12   3.5 Second screening of the documents (Step 3) 15   3.6 Critical appraisal of ‘included studies’ (Step 4)  16   3.7 Data extraction and evidence synthesis (Step 5) 16   4 RESULTS: DOCUMENTS FOUND 18   4.1 Introduction to the documents found 18   4.2 Comparision of the 11 included studies 21   5 RESULTS: INTERVENTION 28   5.1 Introduction to the interventions 28   5.2 Comparison of the 11 Interventions 32   6 RESULTS: EFFECTIVENESS 37   6.1 What household-level outcomes did the studies measure? 37   6.2 What effects did the interventions supporting shelter self-recovery have on household-level outcomes? 39   7 RESULTS: EFFICIENCY 45   7.1 What factors that helped or hindered programme implementation did the studies identify? 45   7.2 How did the factors help or hinder programme implementation? 47   8 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS 61   8.1 Humanitarian interventions supporting shelter self-recovery 61   8.2 Evidence synthesis regarding humanitarian shelter and settlements 63   8.3 Concluding remarks 65   9 REFERENCES 67   APPENDICES 73    Appendix A: Search terms 73    Appendix B: Overview of search results 74    Appendix C: Scoping assessment search results and screening guide 77    Appendix D: List of excluded documents 78    Appendix E: Quality appraisal template 85    Appendix F: Deviations from protocol 89    Appendix G: Strengths and limitations of the review 91    ABBREVIATIONS CASP Critical Appraisal Skills Programme CRS Catholic Relief Services DAC Development Assistance Committee (OECD) DFID ECHO Department for International Development (UK) European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department ERRA Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (Pakistan) HEP Humanitarian Evidence Programme IDP Internally displaced person IFRC International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies IOM International Organization for Migration NGO Non-governmental organization OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development RCRC Red Cross Red Crescent Sida Swedish International Development Cooperation UK UN OCHA United Kingdom United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs UN-Habitat United Nations Human Settlement Programme UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees USA United States of America USAID/OFDA US Agency for International Development  –  Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance
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