The influence of market support interventions on household food security: An evidence synthesis protocol

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This protocol outlines the proposed research questions and methodology for an evidence synthesis on the influence of market support interventions on household food security in humanitarian crises. Research questions identified include: What are the project parameters that drive the inclusion and exclusion of market support interventions in humanitarian crises? What are the potential contextual and institutional barriers to/enablers of market support interventions? Which market support intervention effects are measured? What is the influence of interventions supporting traders on household food security in humanitarian crises? What is the influence of interventions supporting market services and infrastructures on household food security in humanitarian crises? Who are the main actors targeted for market support activities? What are the gaps in research evidence about market support approaches? The synthesis was commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme, a UK Aid-funded partnership between Oxfam and Feinstein International Center (FIC) at the Friedman School of Nutrition at Tufts University. The Humanitarian Evidence Programme aims to distil and communicate existing evidence in the humanitarian sector as a contribution towards efforts to improve humanitarian policy and practice.
  Humanitarian Evidence Programme The influence of market support interventions on household food security: An evidence synthesis protocol  The influence of market support interventions on household food security 2   The authors of this report are: Hélène Juillard, Lili Mohiddin, Marion Péchayre, Gabrielle Smith and Rebecca Vince Funding This is an independent report commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme (HEP), a partnership between Oxfam GB and Feinstein International Center (FIC) at Tufts University, and funded by the Department for International Development (DFID). This material has been funded by UK aid from the UK Government. However, the views expressed do not necessarily reflect the UK Government’s official policies.   Acknowledgments We would like to thank Oxfam and FIC for the financial support. A special thanks goes to Laurenz Langer for his invaluable support throughout the process. Conflicts of interest There were no conflicts of interest in the writing of this report. Contributions The opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of Oxfam, FIC or the funders. Responsibility for the views expressed remains solely with the authors. Citation This report should be cited as: Juillard, H., Mohiddin, L., Pechayre, M., Smith, G. and Vince, R. (2016). The influence of market support interventions on household food security. An evidence synthesis protocol.  Oxford: Oxfam GB. Picture Market. Nigeria. Photo: Curt Carnemark / World Bank.  © Copyright  Authors of the systematic reviews and evidence syntheses on the Oxfam GB website ( hold the copyright for the text of their reviews. Oxfam GB owns the copyright for all material on its website, including the contents of the databases, manuals, and keywording. Oxfam and authors give permission for users of the site to display and print the contents of the site for their own non-commercial use, providing that the materials are not modified, copyright and other proprietary notices contained in the materials are retained, and the source of the material is cited clearly following the citation details provided. Otherwise users are not permitted to duplicate, reproduce, re-publish, distribute, or store material from this website without express written permission.  The influence of market support interventions on household food security 3   CONTENTS ACRONYMS 4   1.   INTRODUCTION 5   2.   AIM AND SCOPE OF THE EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS 6   2.1.   Research question 6   2.2.   Scope of the evidence synthesis 6   2.2.1.   Humanitarian crises 6   2.2.2.   The humanitarian system, ecosystem and arena 8   2.2.3.   What do humanitarian responses look like? 9   2.2.4.   The concept of household food security 9   2.2.5.   From food aid to market support interventions 12   2.2.6.   The links between markets and food security 15   3.   THE ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK 17   3.1.   Market-based programming framework 17   3.2.   Theory of change 21   4.   METHODS 24   4.1.   Inclusion and exclusion criteria 24   4.1.1.   Populations 24   4.1.2.   Interventions 25   4.1.3.   Context 26   4.1.4.   Outcomes 26   4.1.5.   Study types 26   4.2.   Search for evidence 28   4.2.1.   Potential sources 28   4.2.2.   Screening process for eligible studies 30   4.2.3.   Data extraction 31   4.2.4.   Critical appraisal of included studies 32   5.   DATA SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS 33   5.1.   Thematic synthesis 33   5.2.   An updated theory of change 34   5.3.   Accounting for heterogeneity 35   5.4.   The robustness of the synthesis’ conclusions  35   6.   REFERENCES 36   7.   APPENDICES 42   7.1.   Appendix 1: Keywords for the search 42   7.2.   Appendix 2: Screening guide 43   7.3.   Appendix 3: Data extraction template 44   7.4.   Appendix 4: Mixed methods critical appraisal tool 48    The influence of market support interventions on household food security 4   ACRONYMS BEAM Building Effective and Accessible Markets CaLP Cash Learning Partnership CRS Catholic Relief Services CTP Cash transfer programme DFID Department for International Development ECHO European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department EMMA Emergency market mapping and analysis ERC European Research Council FAC Food Aid Convention FANTA Food Security and Nutrition Technical Assistance project FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN   FCS Food consumption score FSNAU Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit GSDRC Governance and Social Development Resource Centre IDS Institute for Development Studies at Sussex University IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute IIED International Institute for Environment and Development IPC Integrated phase classification IRC International Rescue Committee JPAL  Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab KDS Key Development Services MDG Millennium development goals NGO Non-government organization OCHA United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs ODI Overseas Development Institute PCMA Pre-crisis market analysis PICOS Populations, interventions, comparisons, outcomes, and study types RAM Rapid assessment for markets RCT Randomized control trial SDG Sustainable development goals SEEP Small Enterprise Education and Promotion Network SLA Sustainable livelihoods approach SPRING Strengthening Partnerships, Results, and Innovations in Nutrition Globally UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNICEF United Nations Children's Emergency Fund UNDP United Nations Development Programme WaSH Water, sanitation and hygiene WFP World Food Programme WHO World Health Organization WTO World Trade Organization 3ie International Initiative for Impact Evaluation
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