The Oxfam Ebola Response in Liberia and Sierra Leone: An evaluation report for the Disasters Emergency Committee | Oxfam

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The context of the Ebola epidemic presented extreme challenges for Oxfam, as it did for many organisations. At the onset of the epidemic, there was a general lack of understanding of the disease and how to respond to it effectively and safely. A pervasive and persistent climate of fear, coupled with changing predictions about the likely evolution of the epidemic, influenced analysis and response at all levels. There was strong pressure to treat the epidemic as a medical emergency requiring a medical response
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  OXFAM EVALUATION JULY 2015 www.oxfam.org   THE OXFAM EBOLA RESPONSE IN LIBERIA AND SIERRA LEONE  An evaluation report for the Disasters Emergency Committee JOHN ADAMS  ANNE LLOYD CAROLYN MILLER  2 CONTENTS   Executive summary ................................................................................................................. 5   Summary of findings .............................................................................................................. 5   Recommendations ................................................................................................................. 8   1   Introduction .................................................................................................................... 10   1.1   Introduction to the evaluation .................................................................................. 10   1.2   Outline of the programme evaluated ....................................................................... 10   2   Methodology .................................................................................................................. 12   3   Effectiveness .................................................................................................................. 13   3.1   Timeline and speed ................................................................................................. 13   3.2   Defining the nature of the response (skills and added value) ................................. 15   3.3   Capacity ................................................................................................................... 17   3.4   Funding – securing funding and use of Oxfam funds .............................................. 18   3.5   Leadership and decision making ............................................................................. 19   3.6   Risk – balancing staff safety and humanitarian response ....................................... 21   3.7   Country management .............................................................................................. 22   3.8   Information management ......................................................................................... 23   3.9   Monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning ................................................. 24   3.10   Preparedness and contingency planning ................................................................ 25   3.11 Links with previous activities ................................................................................... 26   4   Programme achievements in Liberia and Sierra leone .............................................. 28   4.1   Liberia ...................................................................................................................... 28   4.2   Sierra Leone ............................................................................................................ 32   5.   Discussion of programme achievements ............................................................... 37   5.1   Social mobilisation ................................................................................................... 37   5.2    Active case finding ................................................................................................... 39   5.3   Training .................................................................................................................... 39   5.4   WASH in schools and health facilities ..................................................................... 40   5.5   Construction of community care centres ................................................................. 41   5.6   Support to quarantined communities ....................................................................... 42   5.7   Distribution of hygiene items.................................................................................... 43   5.8   The role of PHE ....................................................................................................... 43   5.9   Integration of PHP and PHE .................................................................................... 43   6.   Policy / advocacy / communications ....................................................................... 45   7.   Impact ......................................................................................................................... 48   8.   Standards ................................................................................................................... 50   8.1   International humanitarian standards ...................................................................... 50   8.2   Technical standards and standard operating procedures ....................................... 51   9.   Accountability to the affected population ............................................................... 52   9.1   Liberia ...................................................................................................................... 52   9.2   Sierra Leone ............................................................................................................ 53    3 10.   Partnerships and collaboration ................................................................................ 55   11.   Coordination .............................................................................................................. 58   12.   Learning and next steps ........................................................................................... 59   Annexes .................................................................................................................................. 60    Annex 1. Terms of reference ............................................................................................... 60    Annex 2. List of people interviewed ..................................................................................... 66    Annex 3. Documents consulted ........................................................................................... 69    Annex 4. Evaluation team itineraries ................................................................................... 72    Annex 5. List of Ebola facilities built or improved by Oxfam in Sierra Leone ...................... 76    Annex 6. Example of barrier analysis and CAP from Sierra Leone .................................... 77    Annex 7. Technical appraisal of WASH facilities inspected during the evaluation ............. 79    Annex 8. Oxfam’s policy interventions ................................................................................. 80    Annex 9. SWOT analysis and stakeholder mapping from Liberia ....................................... 82   Notes ....................................................................................................................................... 85   Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................... 87   Oxfam .................................................................................................................................. 88    4  ACRONYMS BRAC Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee CAP Community Action Plan CAR Central African Republic CCC Community Care Centre CD Country Director CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEO Chief Executive Officer CHC Community Health Committee CHW Community Health Worker DEC Disasters Emergency Committee DERC District Ebola Response Centre DFID UK Department for International Development DHMT District Health Management Team DRR Disaster Risk Reduction ESVL Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods ETC Ebola Treatment Centre ETU Ebola Treatment Unit EVD Ebola Virus Disease gCHV General Community Health Volunteer (Liberia) HR Human Resources IHR International Health Regulations IRC The International Rescue Committee MDM Médecins du Monde MEAL Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning MoHS Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation MoHSW Liberia Ministry of Health and Social Welfare MSF Médecins sans Frontières NERC National Ebola Response Centre OFDA Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance PHE Public Health Engineering PHP Public Health Promotion PPE Personal Protective Equipment PHU Peripheral Health Unit RRT Response and Resilience Team RTE Real Time Evaluation SC Save the Children SLAF Sierra Leone Armed Forces SOPs Standard Operating Procedures WAHO West African Health Organisation WASH Water, Sanitation and Hygiene WHO World Health Organization
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