156117395-English-Grammar.pdf | Perfect (Grammar) | Grammatical Tense

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English grammar rules, verb tenses and forms, vocabulary usage, with exercises and word games. Present Simple Tense (example : to play) Affirmative Negative Interrogative Long Form Contracted Form I play I do not play I don't play Do
  English grammar rules, verb tenses and forms, vocabulary usage, with exercises and word games. Present Simple Tense (example : to play) AffirmativeNegativenterrogative !ong orm#ontracted orm I playI do not playI don't playDo I play?You playYou do not playYou don't playDo you play?He/she/itplaysHe/she/it does  not playHe/she/it doesn$t  play %oes  he/she/it play?We playWe do not playWe don't playDo we play?You playYou do not playYou don't playDo you play?They playThey do not playThey don't playDo they play? The present simple tense is used &  To talk about  regular activities  :  John plays tennis once a week.  We start work at 9 a.m. every morning.  Mary goes to visit her parents on Sundays.  To talk about  tastes  :  Peter likes Chinese food.  Julie doesn't like classical music.  Most children love chocolate.  To talk about facts  :  he sun rises in the east.  !n urope# the weather is cold in winter.  $uthors write %ooks. #omplete each of the sentences below with the correct form of the ad'ective. (The answers are at the bottom of the page.) 1.Jeremy is 10 years old. Jenny is 8 years old. Jeremy is (old) ____________ ______ Jenny.2.The Alps are very high. They are (high) _____ _______________ mountains in Europe.3.An oean is (large) ____________ _______ a sea.!.A olls oye osts a lot o# money. A T$ingo osts less. A olls oye is (e%pensive) _______ ________________ _____ a T$ingo.&.John's results $ere ad. red's $ere very poor. red's results $ere (ad) __________ _____ John's.*.This e%erise is not very di##iult. +t's ____________ ______ + e%peted. 1  ,.The $eather is not good today. +t's raining. + hope the $eather $ill e (good) _____________ ne%t  $ee-.8.eople are not very #riendly in ig ities. They are usually (#riendly) ________________ in small to$ns./.+n the government o# a ountry the resident is (important) _____ ______ _______________ person.10.eople say that hinese is (di##iult) ______ ____________ to learn than English 1. older than2. the highest3. larger than!. more e%pensive than&. $orse than*. easier than,. etter8. #riendlier/. the most important10. more di##iul #omplete the sentences below with the correct word. (The correction is at the end of the page.)  1. John moed to !ondon 1 yea#s a$o and he %%%%%%%%%% lies the#e. &. Julie %%%%%%%%%%%% walks to shool. (. )What time is the aountant omin$?) )He's %%%%%%%%%%%% he#e.). *. )I o#de#ed a book last week. Has it a##ied %%%%%%%%%%?). +. Do you %%%%%%%%%% take milk in you# o,,ee?). -. )I'e been takin$ n$lish lessons ,o# ( months but I %%%%%%%%%% haen't made muh p#o$#ess). . mma only moed house last week and she %%%%%%%%%%knows he# nei$hbou#s0). . I %%%%%%%%%%%% sae my ,iles and tu#n o,, the ompute# be,o#e leain$ the o,,ie. 2. 3ete# sent an appliation ,o#m two weeks a$o but he %%%%%%%%%% hasn't #eeied a #eply.  2   1 . The mana$e# #esi$ned yeste#day4 but his #esi$nation hasn't been o,,iially announed %%%%%%%%%%.  *) still +) always ) already   -) yet ) always /) still 0) already 1) always 2) still *3) yet Past Simple Tense (example : to play)  he past simple tense of regular ver%s is formed %y adding & ed to the infinitivefor e(ample) & !nfinitive ) to play Past Simple ) ! played*  he au(iliary did is used to form the negative and interrogative forms AffirmativeNegativenterrogative !ong orm#ontracted orm I playedI did not playI didn't playDid I play?You playedYou did not playYou didn't playDid you play?He/she/itplayedHe/she/it did not playHe/she/it didn't playDid he/she/it play?We playedWe did not playWe didn't playDid we play?You playedYou did not playYou didn't playDid you play?They playedThey did not playThey didn't playDid they play?The past simple tense is used to talk about finished actions  in a finished period of time 4 ,o# e5ample :   4esterday evening  I played tennis with a ,#iend.  !ast year   I sta#ted takin$ tennis lessons.  5hen  was at school  I hated histo#y.  ive minutes ago  I ,inished the #epo#t ,o# my boss.  !ast wee6  I attended a meetin$ in Tokyo. Present Perfect Tense (example : to do)   Present Perfect SimpleAffirmativeNegativenterrogative !ong orm#ontracted orm + have done+ have not done+ haven't doneave + done You hae doneYou hae not doneYou haen't doneHae you done? e4she4it has donee4she4it has not donee4she4it hasn't doneas he4she4it done5e have done5e have not done5e haven't doneave $e done6ou have done6ou have not done6ou haven't doneave you doneThey have doneThey have not doneThey haven't doneave they done   3  Present Perfect #ontinuousAffirmativeNegativenterrogative !ong orm#ontracted orm + have een doing+ have not een doing+ haven't een doingave + een doing6ou have een doing6ou have not een doing6ou haven't een doingave you een doinge4she4has een doinge4she4it has not een doinge4she4it hasn't een doing.as he4she4it een doing5e have een doing5e have not een doing5e haven't een doingave $e een doing6ou have een doing6ou have not een doing6ou haven't een doingave you een doingThey have een doingThey have not een doingThey haven't een doingave they een doing The present perfect is used to #e,e# to ations whih take plae in an unfinished time period up to the time of spea6ing.  The present perfect continuous  tense is used to #e,e# to an ation whih sta#ted in the past and ontinues today.  I hae been lea#nin$ n$lish sine 6eptembe#.7I sta#ted in 6eptembe# and I ontinue to take lessons today.8  The present perfect simple  is used to #e,e# to the ,inished pa#t o, a ontinuous ation.6o ,a# in my n$lish ou#se :  I hae lea#nt new oabula#y.  I hae #eised some $#amma# #ules.79y n$lish ou#se is not ,inished4 but I hae ,inished some o, the lessons.8 Example& Today is you# n$lish eision day. It is now & p.m.  ;t 2 o'lok this mo#nin$ you sta#ted you# #eision wo#k. ;t & pm the day is not ,inished4 so you an say : )I hae been #eisin$ my n$lish sine 2 o'lok this mo#nin$.) 7You a#e still #eisin$ you# n$lish4 so the ontinuous ,o#m is used.8Howee#4 you hae ompleted pa#t o, the #eision wo#k4 so you an say4 ,o# e5ample)6o ,a# today I hae #eised tenses and i##e$ula# e#bs.) N.7. I, you #e,e# to a specific time  ea#lie# in the day4 you must use the Past Simple  : 4
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