1993-807-10-2-Siegelbaum | Soviet Union | Strike Action

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  TITLE : Survival Strategies : The Miners o f Donetsk in the Post-Soviet Er   AUTHOR : Lewis H. Siegelbaum Michiga n State Universit y Stephen F . Crowley Duk   Universit y THE N TION L COUNCI   FOR SOVIET ND E ST EUROPE RESE RC H 1755 Massachusetts Avenue N .W   Washington D   . 20036  PROJECT INFORMATION   CONTRACTOR   Media Networ kPRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS   Lewis H  Siegelbau m Daniel J . Walkowit zCOUNCIL CONTRACT NUMBER   807-1 0 DATE   April 16 199 3 COPYRIGHT INFORMATIO N Individual researchers retain the copyright on work products derived from research funded b y Council Contract . The Council and the U .S . Government have the right to duplicate written report s and other materials submitted under Council Contract and to distribute such copies within th   Council and U .S . Government for their own use and to draw upon such reports and materials fo   their own studies; but the Council and U .S . Government do not have the right to distribute o   make such reports and materials available outsidethe Council or U.S . Government without th   written consent of the authors except as may be required under the provisions of the Freedom o   Information Act 5 U .S .C   552 or other applicable law   The work leading to this report was supported by contract funds provided by the National ouncil fo   Soviet and East European Research   The analysis and interpretations contained in the report are those of th   author  Content s Summary   v  ntrodu tion   The Donbass Miners Movement   1989 92   Orientation and Agenda   The Politics of Representation   9 A Tale of Two Mines   Kuibyshev : The Restoration of Enterprise Paternalism   5 The October Mine : NPG Insurgency   Facing the Future   iii  Survival Strategies   The Miners of Donetsk in the Post Soviet Er aSummary This essay is based on fieldwork undertaken in Donetsk over a span of some thre e years and most recently in the summer of 1992 . It consists of two parts : an overview of th e miners' movement in the Donbass, and an analysis of strategies pursued by labor an   management at two mines in the Kuibyshev district of Donetsk . The first part examines th e interaction of politics and economics within the movement and the ways it has institu-tionally represented itself . The second part attempts to explain why two mines, so close i n their geographical proximity and geological conditions, display radically different trajectorie s in terms of labor-management relations   Resolutions passed at miners' congresses, demands issued during strikes, newspaper s and information bulletins of the strike committees and the Independent Miners' Unio n (NPG), and questionnaire data are used to reconstruct the evolution of the miners' movemen t in the Donbass. This partial record suggests a three-phase process: an initial economic   phase in which miner-activists evoked mass enthusiasm and participation in their struggle t oextract concessions from the Soviet bureaucracy ; a second political phase in which the y reached out to workers in other industries and the democratic intelligentsia to bring dow n the central government ; and a third phase, beginning in August 1991, when they sought t o adjust to the new political configuration and economic uncertainties in Ukraine   It is argued that even in its first phase, the movement at least implicitly challenged th e legitimacy of the system of centralized administrative appropriation and went beyond th e boundaries of trade union demands. Reluctance to articulate political demands was not s o much a function of lack of consciousness as of a political calculus according to whic h perestroika might be redefined to incorporate input from below . The abandonment of suc h a calculus did not reflect impatience or immaturity but rather the perception that the centra   state had become fatally incapacitated and could be challenged directly . In this sense   Eltsin's elevation to the chairmanship of the Russian Federation's Supreme Soviet provide d v
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