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Guia do Dragão Barbado
  The Bearded Dragon Guide This is our complete bearded dragon care guide. It contains everything you need to know to be able to properly care for any bearded dragon regardless of age. This care sheet consists of all the valuable information that's available on our site, except we have put it into an easy to follow manual. This care guide will start with the basics and will go through each step of bearded dragon care that people need to know to be able to raise healthy and happy bearded dragons. How to Get the Best Bearded Dragon for A Pet Picking out a bearded dragon can seem overwhelming, and if you don't know what you're doing you can potentially pick out the wrong bearded dragon for your need. This page lists some simple tips to follow to make sure you pick out the right bearded dragon. Where to Get A Bearded Dragon You can either get a bearded dragon from a local pet store or from a breeder. It's not uncommon for smaller breeders (that breed dragons as a hobby) to have the healthiest dragons because their bearded dragons have been raised in the same environment around the same dragons. This means there is a less of a chance of their dragons being stressed, sick, or injured from rival dragons. However, you can still get very healthy bearded dragons from local pet stores as well. Just follow the steps below to make sure the bearded dragon is healthy before you buy it. Choosing A Healthy Bearded Dragon There are a couple of easy ways you can tell how healthy a dragon is before you buy it. The first way is to see how alert and active it is. A healthy dragon will not be lethargic and will keep it's head lifted and most dragons will be alert enough to notice you approaching them. You should also look at their body for the following things: ã   Make sure they don't have any visible injuries (scars, burns, etc.) ã   If you do see an injury, make sure it appears to be  healing and is not infected ã   Make sure their eyes are not runny and there is no signs of puss on their face  It is important that you make sure the bearded dragon is not missing any body parts. Bearded dragons do not regrow their tails, toes, or limbs. So if your bearded dragon is missing something, it will not grow back. With this being said it is not unusual for a beardie to be missing a few toes or the very end of it's tail (many times bearded dragons will fight over females and minor injuries like this occur). Young VS Old Bearded Dragons So, should you get a younger or a more mature bearded dragon? Well, if this is your first bearded dragon, then you will probably want to get a fully grown (or close to fully grown bearded dragon) to start. This is because younger dragons are very fragile and can easily get sick, injured, or worse if you are not experienced with handling them. A good way to tell the maturity level of a bearded dragon is how long they are. If they are over 10 inches in length, they are mature, if they are smaller than 10 inches in length then they are  juveniles. Creating A Bearded Dragon Habitat Whether you call it a tank, cage, or terrarium, your bearded dragon's habitat you create will be his or her home for the next several years. In order to have a healthy and happy bearded dragon you will need to make sure that their habitat suits their needs. This page will go over everything you need to know to make sure your tank is perfect for your bearded dragon. Types of Tank for Your Bearded Dragon There are different types of tanks that you can get for your bearded dragon. Below is a list of the different types of tanks you can get for your dragon: ã   Glass Aquariums ã   Melamine cages ã   PVC cages ã   Vision Cages    Glass Aquariums  Glass aquariums are probably the most popular type of enclosure for bearded dragons. These inexpensive tanks can be purchased at any local pet store and can sometimes even be found for free. These are great enclosures for bearded dragons and other reptiles. The only problems with glass tanks is that they can be heavy (so once your tank is setup, you probably won't move it) and the glass doesn't hold in the heat as well as other materials. This is fine for bearded dragons, however, many owners say that glass tanks lack of insulation causes their dragon's color to seem a little dull. So if you have a colorful bearded dragon you may want to get a different type of tank. Melamine Cages  Melamine cages are made out of melamine board (wood), which can be purchased at your local hardware store. You can build these tanks yourself or you can buy them offline. Bearded dragons love these cages and look amazing in them, since the white boards reflect extra light which makes your dragon happier. The only drawbacks to melamine cages are they are fairly expensive and they are extremely heavy. PVC Cages  PVC cages look and work exactly like melamine cages, except they are made of PVC plastic which makes them much lighter so they can be moved. They are more expensive than melamine cages, but generally have a better look since the plastic is smooth and attractive. Vision Cages  Vision cages are professional cages made from one molded piece of plastic. They are chemical resistant and easy to clean and have heat lamp shrouds built in directly. They are expensive, but many bearded  dragon breeders will use these cages since you can stack them on top of each other to save space. Bearded Dragon Tank Size You need to make sure you have the right size tank for your bearded dragon. A tank too small can be very stressful for your beardie and can limit their overall growth. Use the guidelines below to help determine the best tank side for your dragon: Bearded Dragon Tank Size   ã   Baby Dragons - Baby dragons need a 20 gallon tank. This gives them space and makes it easier for them to catch their food. ã   10-16 Inch Dragons - Early adult dragons need at least a 40 gallon tank. However, the larger the tank the happier your dragon will be and the larger they will grow. ã   16-20 Inch Dragons - Larger dragons will need larger tanks and it's recommended to have at least a 50-75 gallon tank for dragons of this size. ã   20+ Inch Dragons - If you have a bearded dragon that is 20 inches or longer you will need a minimum of a 75 gallon tank, but a 120 gallon tank would be ideal. Bearded Dragon Lighting and Humidity The brighter your tank, the happier your bearded dragon will be. Remember, bearded dragons come from the deserts of Australia so they require full spectrum lighting for 12-14 hours each day. Full spectrum lights are different from what we have in our houses and emit light in all the UV ranges (which is what bearded dragons need to remain healthy) and the light needs to be evenly spread throughout the tank. There also needs to be a way that your dragon can come within 6-8 inches of the light source. This means that you need to have either a branch, rock, or platform that your beardie can lie on which is close to the light. You will need to have two different types of lights: ã   UVA/UVB long florescent tube light ã    A basking bulb/light Bearded Dragon Lighting  This is the light that will illuminate your bearded dragon's tank and it needs to mimic natural sunlight so it needs to be full spectrum (UVA & UVB). Ideally this bulb will span the distance above your tank from one side to the other to help illuminate your entire tank. This bulb's purpose is not to generate heat, but is instead to provide your dragon with UVA and UVB rays to help keep them healthy. You will need daily UVA/UVB light to prevent metabolic bone disease in bearded dragons and to keep your dragon healthy. Remember, that over time the UVA/UVB bulbs lose their strength, so you will need to change them every 6 months (even if they seem to still be working).
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