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  Global Health Observatory (GHO) dataOverweight and obesity Adults aged 18+ Overweight and obesity lead to adverse metabolic effects on bloodpressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin resistance. Risks of coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitusincrease steadily with increasing body mass index (BMI), a measure of weight relative to height. Raised body mass index also increases therisk of cancer of the breast, colon, prostate, endometrium, kidney andgall bladder. Mortality rates increase with increasing degrees of overweight, as measured by body mass index. To achieve optimumhealth, the median body mass index for an adult population should be inthe range of 21 to 23 kg/m2, while the goal for individuals should be tomaintain body mass index in the range 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2. There isincreased risk of co-morbidities for body mass index 25.0 to 29.9, andmoderate to severe risk of co-morbidities for body mass index 30 or greater.In 2014, 39% of adults aged 18+ were overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2)(39% men and 40% of women). In 2014, 39% of adults aged 18+ wereoverweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) (39% of men and 40% of women) and 13%were obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) (11% of men and 15% of women). Thus,nearly 2 billion adults worldwide are overweight and, of these, more thanhalf a billion are obese.The prevalence of overweight and obesity were highest in the WHORegions of the Americas (61% for overweight in both sexes, and 27%for obesity) and lowest in the WHO Region for South East Asia (22%overweight in both sexes and 5% for obesity). In the WHO Region of the Americas and European and Eastern Mediterranean Regions over 50%of women were overweight. In all three of these regions, roughly half of overweight women are obese (25% in Europe, 24% in the EasternMediterranean, 30% in the Americas). In all WHO regions women weremore likely to be obese than men. In the WHO African, EasternMediterranean and South-East Asia Regions, women had roughly doublethe obesity prevalence of men.The prevalence of raised body mass index increases with the incomelevel of countries. The prevalence of overweight in high incomecountries was more than double that of low and lower middle incomecountries. For obesity, the overall prevalence is over four times higher inhigh income countries compared to low income countries. Women'sobesity was markedly higher than men's, with the exception of highincome countries where it was similar. In low and lower middle incomecountries, obesity among women was more than double that amongmen. More NCD data products
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