Midterm Question 1.docx | Libya | Muammar Gaddafi

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LT Calvin White Question #1 Midterm TSDM The first two countries of the “Arab Spring”, Tunis, and Egypt included protesting and subsequently the ousting of their President, both were relatively peaceful without much in terms of civilian casualties, which is directly related to the globalization of the internet that has allowed the normal citizen to voice their opinions to the world and it wields enough power to topple governments in a very short period of time. However, Libya is a very ric
  LT Calvin White Question #1 Midterm TSDM The first two countries of the “Arab Spring”, Tunis, and Egypt included protesting and subsequently the ousting of their President, both were relatively peaceful without much in terms of civilian casualties, which is directly related to the globaliation of the internet that has allowedthe normal citien to voice their opinions to the world and it wields enough power to topple governments in a very short period of time! owever, #ibya is a very rich country in terms of oil and gas reserves, much more than Egypt or Tunis during their uprising, which gives #ibya the ability to buy off dissent!!!and that led to the start of the fighting between the protesters$rebels in %enghai on &ebruary '(, )*''!+esponding to the situation in #ibya is not an easy subect for the political heavy weights in -!.!Some are in the corner of /eeping out the 0iddle East due to the past decade of war in 1raq and Afghanistan! 1n TS-0 23) it tal/s about failing states as places where security$law, political, social structures have collapsed or are wea/, which have given way to chaos and insecurity, #ibya is a prime e4ample of a failing state The current 5ational 0ilitary Strategy 6TS-0 '7378  plainly puts into view why P9T:S eventually made the decision to act militarily on the current regime in #ibya! Per the 50S it says that those states that have failing, corrupt governments will be a threat to 5ational Security because they will increasingly be used as a safe haven for an e4panding array of non3state actors that would bring more instability to the region! The escalation got to the point where the +egime used heavy weapons against the protesters, and thenduring a news blac/out a minimum of (' protesters were /illed, this falls directly into the category of a corrupt government and P9T:S has the authority to ma/e a decision that would stifle the regime of ;adhafi in its efforts to suppress the uprising and protect its innocent citiens from harm!  LT Calvin White Question #1 Midterm TSDM Another tidbit in TS-0 ')3) brings up the Energy demand that America has, and will have over the ne4t <* years! 9ur thirst for hydrocarbons is vital to our 5ational Security and could be one of the main reasons for the first =ulf >ar! Putting that into perspective, #ibya is an oil3rich country that was recently 6)**7$*?8 allowed to compete in the global mar/et after ;adhafi reversed his stance on >0-@s and terrorism! 9nce the fighting began against the uprising 6Arab Spring8, it was hard for the politicians to solidify a decision on how to act with #ibya due to the vast amount of wealth and power that could come out of there, if handled correctly it would a fruitful relationship with the new +egime 6in my opinion8! owever the rebels do not have a lot of political bac/ground in #ibya due to the suppression of free speech, and most of them do not have much in terms of training, which led to ;adhafi using his wealth and military might against those who do not have any capabilities to spea/ of to ma/e a change in their country! The President@s 5S., S. and cabinet members all were against intervention with #ibya! SE.-E& +obert =ates even told .ongress that the operation would be costly, comple4 and drawon resources still being used in Afghanistan! e also said it is not a question of whether we coulddo it, but a question of whether it@s a wise thing to do! earing that from his staff, both civilian and military would have led to his indecision until air stri/es began on 0arch ', almost 7* dayssince the uprising began! Secretary of State illary .linton stated that we refrained from action  because the safety and well3being of Americans was our highest priority! Even after everyone was evacuated President 9bama did not want the stigma of “empire” or “neo3colonial” attached to the :SA! e wanted to stay out the 0iddle Eastern affairs as much as possible and not assumethe leadership role if there were any actions to be made against ;adhafi, he insisted that it must  be done by the international community and have approval from the :nited 5ations! 1n essence P9T:S had to convince the American people that it is imperative that we would be involved in  LT Calvin White Question #1 Midterm TSDM the #ibyan conflict, and not in a war standpoint but as aide to the civilians and rebels who want to instill democratic ideals in a country with a corrupt leader, and in the process oust said leader and create a true on corrupt government, and on top of that garner the same support from the :5 and the 1nternational .ommunity! 9ne glaring issue that the President had in ma/ing a decision is the lac/ of understanding  between civilian 6politics8 and the military 6machine8! They are increasingly unable to accuratelyunderstand what it ta/es to run an operation in the -epartment of -efense! 0any of them as/ed for a no3fly one to be established in #ibya, but none of them understood what that meant in terms of resources and manpower! 1n TS-0 <3) “The other 'B”, it brings up the issues between civilian and military and how it has affected .ongress since >>11! #ess than ))B of those in office are veterans, which mean they do not understand the traditions, trials and tribulations, and the requirements and planning involved in any operation! >hen the :!S! poll came out saying that <(B of Americans support :S military aircraft in creating a no3fly one, it amplified the President@s indecision at that time! Even the leader of the +ebels who received his education in the :nited States did not fully understand what it meant for the creation of a no3fly one! >hen SE.-E& +obert =ates was giving his speech to .ongress urging caution on the #ibyan crisis, heeven stated ust enacting a no fly one does not simply wor/ by telling them do not fly planes! >e would have to attac/ #ibya to destroy its air defenses in order to even begin the no3fly one and that isn@t going to be the solution to the problem! 1n summation President 9bama had a lot of influences and actors that were a part of his decision and the timeline it too/ to reach said decision! is 5S. 65SS8, was adamant that we do not wal/ into another ground war in the 0iddle East, and that we must use e4treme caution in aiding the rebels against ;adhafi! The help must come from the 1nternational .ommunity with the approval  LT Calvin White Question #1 Midterm TSDM of 5AT9 so that it is a concerted effort to ma/e a change in #ibya and to protect the innocent civilians that were being targeted in the uprising! The American people even had a hand in his decision to implement robust military measures in #ibya, and that was through polls and social media! Although it seemed they wanted to enact a less intrusive measure instead of an assault, it was eventually realied that we 6including the international community8 needed to act to protect the civilians and rebels from a corrupt leader who controlled the wealth, media, and political  power over the other (!< million people who reside in the state! 1n the end President 9bama made the decision about foreign policy 6as it is his to ma/e8 and the rest of the .ountry followed suit to protect those who need protecting, and to end the regime of a corrupt leader with our military might and foreign influence!
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