The UK Doughnut: A framework for environmental sustainability and social justice | Sustainability

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The world faces twin challenges: delivering a decent standard of living for everyone, while living within our environmental limits. These two concerns are brought together in Oxfam’s Doughnut model, which visualizes a space between planetary boundaries and a social floor where it is environmentally safe and socially just for humanity to exist. Here, The UK Doughnut: A framework for environmental sustainability and social justice suggests areas of life that might constitute a social floor below which no-one in the UK should fall, and begins the process of identifying which environmental boundaries might be useful for incorporation into a national UK analysis. The report provides a snapshot of the UK’s status by assessing its current position against the suggested set of domains and indicators.
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  OXFAM RESEARCH REPORT FEBRUARY 2015 THE UK DOUGHNUT  A framework for environmental sustainability and social justice   MALCOLM SAYERS Cambium Advocacy DR KATHERINE TREBECK Oxfam GB The world faces twin challenges: delivering a decent standard of living for everyone, while living within our environmental limits. These two interwoven concerns are captured in Oxfam’s Doughnut model, which visualizes a space between planetary boundaries and a social floor where it is environmentally safe and socially just for humanity to exist.  At the national level, the UK Doughnut model suggests areas of life that might constitute a social floor below which no one in the UK should fall, and begins the process of identifying which environmental boundaries might be useful for incorporation into a national UK analysis. The report provides a snapshot of the UK’s status by assessing its current position against this suggested set of domains and indicators.   Oxfam Research Reports  are written to share research results, to contribute to public debate and to invite feedback on development and humanitarian policy and practice. They do not necessarily reflect Oxfam policy positions. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Oxfam.  www.oxfam.org  CONTENTS Executive Summary 61   Introduction 102   The Doughnut model: A ‘safe’ and ‘just’ operating space for humanity 133   Methodology for developing a social floor 154   Social floor results 185   Rationale for social floor results 206   Methodology for developing an environmental ceiling 427   Environmental ceiling results 448   Rationale for selection of environmental data 469   Conclusions 57Resources 59 Appendix: Literature review for social floor 61 Acknowledgements 74 2 The UK Doughnut: A framework for environmental sustainability and social justice  LIST OF FIGURES Figure A: The Oxfam Doughnut model 7   Figure B: The UK Doughnut (UK 2014) 9   Figure 1: SRC planetary boundaries model 11   Figure 2: The Oxfam Doughnut model 12   Figure 3: The UK Doughnut – Social floor (UK 2014) 19   Figure 4: Percentage of those who have never used the internet, by gross weekly pay (GB Q1 2014, working age in paid employment) 21   Figure 5: Average pay differentials, adults with no formal qualifications compared to those with five GCSEs (% GB 2010, working age) 25   Figure 6: Incidence of fuel poverty by household type (% GB 2013) 27   Figure 7: Percentage of in-fuel poverty by weekly household income (Scotland 2012) 27   Figure 8: Number of years above or below average healthy life expectancy by deprivation quintiles (England 2010–2012) 31   Figure 9: Number of HLE years compared as a percentage of male and female English average by IMD quintile (0 = English averages 2010–2012) 32   Figure 10: Percentage living in overcrowded homes (Scotland, based on weekly income 2012) 34   Figure 11: Percentage of individuals below the MIS by household type (UK 2012) 36   Figure 12: Percentage of each group that accessed the natural environment at least once per week according to socio-economic group (England 2013–2014) 37   Figure 13: Level of social support respondents reported being able to depend on in each situation (% UK 2012) 38   Figure 14: Sense of support by household income deciles (UK 2012) 39   Figure 15: Sense of support by neighbourhood deprivation (IMD, UK 2012) 39   Figure 16: The UK Doughnut – Environmental ceiling (UK 2014) 45   Figure 17: Populations of breeding farmland birds, (UK 1970–2013) 48   Figure 18: GHG emissions associated with UK consumption (1997–2011) 50   Figure 19: Carbon emissions (Selected nations 2008) 51   Figure 20: Percentage of key fish stocks considered to be harvested sustainably (UK 1990–2012) 55   Figure 21: The UK Doughnut (UK 2014) 58   The UK Doughnut: A framework for environmental sustainability and social justice 3  LIST OF TABLES 18   24   26   29   30   34   Table 1: Social floor results (UK 2014) Table 2: Percentage of adults reporting having been victims of crime in the   12 months to June 2014 (England and Wales June 2014) Table 3: Fuel poverty rates Table 4: Personal political efficacy (GB 2012) Table 5: Dise ngagement in politics by educational qualification (GB 2012) Table 6: Overcrowding in the UK, 2012–2013 Table 7: Environmental ceiling results (UK 2014) 44   4 The UK Doughnut: A framework for environmental sustainability and social justice
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