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Tutorial Tin Whistle Key in D
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  TUTORIAL TIN WHISTLE Tutorial - Page 1 The Basics  This tutorial concentrates on playing a whistle that is made in the key of D . Many other keys are available - the fingering for the major scale on any whistle will be the same, but the actual note played will  be higher or lower. irst, a few terms used in this tutorial!   ã Key - The key of the whistle tells you the lowest note of the major scale that you can play on on that whistle. ll whistles are capable of playing a two octave range. or instance, a D whistle#s lowest note is D $the note above middle % on a piano&. ã Major Scale - The major scale consists of ' different notes, and an (th note that is the same as the first - just an octave higher. The Major )cale is the scale that you use when singing Do, *e, Mi, a, )o, +a, Ti, Do . ote that the low Do and the high Do are the same note when this scale is sung or played - just an octave apart. histle is capable of playing the tones in between the notes of this scale also $sharps and flats&, by using half-hole fingering and cross fingering $more on this later&. )ince a whistle has a two octave range, it can play this major scale in the lower octave, and then again in the upper octave. ã Natural Notes of a major scale - The notes that make up Do, *e, Mi, a... for an entire scale. These may include sharps or flats $flats are not covered in this Tutorial&, depending on the key you#re  playing in. ã Phrase -  section of the tune, similar to a sentence in a story. n the e/ample above, a phrase would  be Do, a deer, a female deer .  phrase could usually almost be a mini-tune all by itself, and the end of a phrase is usually a good place to take a breath when playing. ã Oer-!lo #$% - 0lowing slightly harder to reach the notes in the upper octave. otes in both octavesare fingered e/actly the same $there are some alternate fingerings also&. ã Or$ame$tat#o$ - These are embellishments that give your tunes a personality all their own. Traditional ornamentations include %uts, *olls, 0ends, Trills, and many others. More on this later. ã So&ra$o ' Wh#stle - This is the most popular whistle, and is the one that we recommend that all new players start with. t is also the one that should be used with this tutorial. ã Lo ' Wh#stle -  much larger whistle that is gaining in popularity. t is very difficult to learn to  play, because of the larger finger holes, and the wide finger spacing. or more info on +ow D whistles, take a look at our +ow D nfo 1age. ã (#&&le - The entire mouthpiece is sometimes referred to as the fipple, but it is actually the plug in themouthpiece that restricts airflow - thus producing sound.    Let's Get Started:  2old the whistle with your left hand so that your inde/, middle and ring fingers cover the top three holes $the holes closest to the mouthpiece&. 3se the same three fingers on your right hand to cover the lower three holes. Don#t use the tips of your fingers - hold your fingers flat, and use the pads of your fingers to play. This may not be 4uite as comfortable a finger position to use at first, but you will get used to it, and it is a must for when you start playing faster. 5ou#ll find that you can cover the holes with a lot less pressure this way, which allows your fingers to move more naturally. 1lace the whistle in your mouth, and blow a gentle, steady note. Don#t bite down on the mouthpiece, just rela/. f the note isn#t clear, check to make sure that every one of your fingers is covering its hole completely.The note you are playing with all the finger holes covered is D - this is one of the hardest note to play clearly on the whistle, so when you get it to sound clear you#re well on your way.  Reading Sheetmusic  ow we#ll move on to some basics about sheet music. +ook at the picture below. The five lines that go all the way across the page hori6ontally make up the Staff  . 7n the left side of the staff is a symbol that tells you that the sheet music is written in the Tre!le )lef  . 5ou#ll probably only be reading music written in the treble clef while playing whistle, so it#s the only clef that we cover in this tutorial. To the right of the treble clef is the Key S#%$ature . The * symbol $called a Shar& & tells you that you need to raise the pitch 8 step from the note that#s written $don#t worry if this doesn#t make sense right now, it will later...&. e/t to the key signature is the T#me S#%$ature . This tells you how to count the tune as you#re playing. The top number tells you how many beats are in a measure, the bottom number tells you which note to countas one beat $again, this probably doesn#t make much sense yet, but it will&. n the e/ample below, 9:9 time means! four beats to a measure, and a 4uarter note is one beat long. The vertical lines are called +ars and are used to separate the measures.     Fingering Chart   e/t, we#ll look at the notes that make up the staff. The picture below has the notes on the staff marked, and the fingering for each note in the two octave D )cale. ote that all the #s and all the %#s are sharped $the; symbol&.  tune with these two sharps in the <ey )ignature is written in the key of D $which is why we#re using a D whistle...&. f the ; symbols are on  and % at the beginning of the tune, they are played as sharps throughout the entire tune. The fingering chart below uses black for the holes that your fingers cover, and white for the open holes. *emember to completely cover each hole when you put your fingers down, and use the pads of your fingers - not the fingertips. The notes from the second D and up are played by 7ver-blowing . =ust blow a little harder, and the sound will go up an octave. ote that the two higher D#s can be played with all fingers down, but usually sound  better lifting the first finger of your left hand. otice that the tails on the notes above change position on the first 0 in the above chart. This is just done for looks - the note values remain the same. 2ere is a link to a more detailed (#$%er#$% )hart  that also shows fingerings for whistles in other keys, )econdary keys for a given whistle, and the Minor key (page opens in a new browser window) . Don#t worry if this talk of )econdary and Minor keys makes no sense to you yet... Wh#stle (#$%er#$% )hart    Re,  > <ey of whistle being played $for e/ample, the first line shows the  ' major scale  played on a ' whistle& +lue  > ote that is not actually a part of the Major scale for that whistle, but is used 4uite often rey  > Seco$,ary .ey $for e/ample, a ' whistle will also play easily in the key of   major & Pur&le  > M#$or Key $for e/ample a ' whistle will also play easily in the key of ? minor &  The u&&er octae of each h#stle #s f#$%ere, the same as the lo er octae n alternate fingering may be needed for the note shown in +lue  when playing it in the upper octave $try o/o /// , or somethingsimilar&  ' ? ;  0$%&% ; D E! @ A ! 0  b %$D  b &D?  b E  ; @ ; A 0%;$D&D;? ( @ + ! %D$?  b &? (* @ ;  ; + % ; D ; $?&    ;  0 ) D?$& ; @ A 0% ; ' ? ; $@&@ ;  +! %D E ! @$  b &0  b
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