Under Fire: The human cost of small arms in north-east Democratic Republic of the Congo

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The ongoing conflict in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been described as one of the world's worst humanitarian crises. It is a war mainly fought out with small arms. The resulting humanitarian crisis continues to be fuelled by new supplies of arms, brought in by businessmen or by soldiers belonging to the foreign armies present in the region. This report examines the role of small arms and armed groups in this crisis, looking in detail at the north-eastern part of DRC, paying particular attention to the health and educational impact of the conflict.
  January 2001 Under Fire:the human cost ofsmall arms in north-east Democratic Republic ofthe Congo  A case study  Under Fire: the human cost ofsmall arms in north-east Democatic Republic ofthe Congo 1 Table of Contents 2List of abbreviations3-4Maps of DRC, North Kivu, Ituri, Territories of Ituri, and Health Districts5Methodology of study, limitations, acknowledgements6 1/ Executive summary 9 2/ Conflict in Eastern Congo Introduction Warring parties Arms supplies 14 3/ The effects of small arms on the humanitarian situation Human rights abuses in the five territories of Ituri Province KillingsWoundedOther forms of armed violenceProsecutionsLiberty of expressionReligious freedom Wider effects of small arms DisplacementHumanitarian access 21 4/ The impact of small arms and armed groups on development Health careEducationEconomic effects of the war36 5/ Conclusions 37Annex 1: Background to the conflict39About the author Cover photograph: M’penzi,a three-year-old victim ofsmall arms,shot twice,parents killed,September 2000 at Linga  Under Fire: the human cost ofsmall arms in north-east Democatic Republic ofthe Congo 2 Abbreviations AAA Agro-action Allemande (Welthungershilfe) AFDL Alliance des Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Congo ALTI Aide aux Lépreux et Tuberculeux de l’Ituri APC Armée du Peuple Congolaise CAC Communauté Anglicane du Congo CME Centre Médical Evangélique COOPI International Cooperation of the Italian Government CUEB Centre Universitaire de Bunia DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo Ex-FAZ Ex-Forces Armée Zaíroise FAC Force Armée Congolaise FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross IDP Internally Displaced Person MLC Mouvement de Libération du Congo MONUC Mission de l’organisation des Nations Unies au Congo MSF Médecins Sans Frontières NALU National Army for the Liberation of Uganda NGO Non-governmental Organisation NRM National Resistance Movement OCHA Office for the co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs OMS Organisation Mondiale de la Santé PEV Programme Enlargi de Vaccination RCD Rassemblement des Congolais pour la Démocratie RCD/ML RCD/Mouvement de Libération RDC République Démocratique du Congo RPA Rwandese Patriotic Front UPDF Uganda People’s Defence Force  WHO World Health Organisation  Under Fire: the human cost ofsmall arms in north-east Democatic Republic ofthe Congo 3 GABONREPUBLICOF THECONGOCAMEROONCENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLICSUDAN     U   G   A    N    D   A    T   A    N    Z   A    N    I   A RWANDA     B    U    R    U    N    D    I ZAMBIAANGOLAÉquateur OrientaleBandunduKasaiOccidentalKatangaKasaiOrientalManiemaSudKivuNordKivuKinshasaBas-Congo Kinshasa   DEMOCRATICREPUBLIC OFCONGO Provinceboundary  ANGOLA 200 miles10000100200 kilometres Bunia Map ofDemocratic Republic ofCongo
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