Understanding India's Global Engagements

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This working paper questions India’s role in global affairs and explores what drives and shapes its international engagement by focusing on its global policies (specifically food security and agriculture) and its stance in climate change negotiations with other developing countries. It also looks at India’s role in the G20 and the potential for the emergence of other development-related issues in this global forum.
  c   Oxfam India working   papers series May 2011OIWPS - X Lucy Dubochet  Understanding India’s Global Engagements: Some key issues and entry points for an inclusive development agenda  iIndia’s international position is one of increasing in fl uence and assertiveness, but is also shaped by powerful constrains. This situation raises questions: how does the country view its role in global affairs? What are the drivers and constrains that shape India’s international engagement? For India’s civil society, it raises another set of questions: what changes to its involvement are called for by the country’s new in fl uence: what new topic, what opportunities and what risks does it bring into play?The report approaches these questions by focusing on two issues: global policies on food security and agriculture, and climate change negotiations. For each issue, it considers India’s alliances with other developing countries, as well as possible entry points for civil society. The report then considers India’s engagement in the G20. It assesses India’s priorities so far, and the potential for the emergence of other development-related issues. Abstract Disclaimer: Oxfam India Working Paper Series disseminates the fi nding of the work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. An objective of the series is to get the fi ndings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished. The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The fi ndings, interpretations, and conclusion expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views of Oxfam India. Produced by:   Oxfam India with support from Oxfam International  ii For more information, please contact:  Avinash Kumar  Theme Lead - Essential ServicesOxfam IndiaPlot No. 1, Community Centre2nd Floor (Above Sujan Mahinder Hospital)New Friends Colony, New Delhi - 110 025Tel: 91 11 4653 8000Website: www.oxfamindia.org  Author :  Lucy Dubochet Lucy Dubochet is an independent researcher. She has had work experience with the Institute of Peace and Con fl ict Studies in Delhi, International Crisis Group’s (ICG) Central Africa Project in Nairobi, and ICG’s Communications Unit in Brussels. She holds a MA in Media, Peace and Con fl ict Studies from the UN-mandated University for Peace and a MA in political philosophy from the University of Geneva. Study supported by Oxfam India Copyright @ 2011 Oxfam IndiaReproduction of this publication for educational or other non-commercial purposes is authorized, without prior written permission, provided the source is fully acknowledged.  iii Contents  Acronyms iv I. Introduction 1II. Food security 3  A. Trade Negotiations on Agriculture 3  1. Alliances 5 2. Protagonists 6  B. Domestic Policies and Globalization 6 C. India’s Footprint Abroad 9  1. Public Cooperation, Private Investments 11  D. Entry points for civil society 11 III. Climate Change 13  A. Mitigation Targets 14  1. Legal Form 15 2. International Consultation and Analysis of Developing Countries’ Targets 15 Domestic Policies 17  B. Finance 18  1. Market Based Mechanisms 19  C. Technologies 20 D. Power Analysis 21  1. Alliances 21 2. Drivers 22 3. Protagonists 23  E. Entry Points for Civil Society 23 IV. The G 20 25  A. India’s Priorities at the G20: Is Development Among Them? 26  1. Reform of International Financial Institutions 27 2. Investment in Infrastructure 27 3. Agriculture and Food Security 28 4. Innovative Finance for Development 29 5. Tax Flight 30 6. Inclusion of Low Income Countries 30  B. Protagonists 31 V. Summary 33  A. India’s Alliances 33 B. Challenges of Regional Integration 34 C. India’s Civil Society and Globalization 35
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