Weathering the Crises, Feeding the Future: Philippine food justice report | Agriculture | Obesity

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At the height of the food price crisis in 2008, the Philippines was among the countries with ‘severe localized food insecurity’, requiring external assistance in food. A series of severe weather-related events in 2009 damaged the economy, costing more than twice the national budget for agriculture that year. In 2010, rice imports reached an all-time high, making the Philippines the biggest rice importing country in the world that year. There are 94 million Filipinos today – 4 million more than in 2008. The population is expected to continue to grow by about 2 million a year. The domestic food chain – from farm to table – is under great pressure, corroded by years of neglect. Changes in the use of agricultural land, the degradation of ecosystems and the impacts of climate change are increasing the food production burden on agricultural communities in the Philippines. These challenges have together made the Philippines more vulnerable to global food price volatility. Weathering the Crises, Feeding the Future examines the issues confounding the Philippine food system and sets out recommendations for a new agricultural future in which Filipinos have enough to eat, always.
  | 1 Philippine Food Justice Report Weathering the Crises, Feeding the future  2 |   Oxfam Grow campaign: national campaign reports This report was written by Jeanne Frances Illo and Dante Dalabajan. Oxfam acknowledges the contributions of Kalayaan Constantino, John Magrath, Marie Nuñez, Felipe Ramiro, Riza Bernabe, Shalimar Vitan, Jodie Thorpe, Glenn Maboloc and Kelly Gilbride for the completion of this report. It was developed with inputs from Oxfam partners in the Philippines. It is one of a series of reports written to inform public debate and to contribute to Oxfam’s Grow campaign. For more information, or to comment on this report, email Kalayaan Constantino <>© Oxfam International September 2011This publication is copyrighted but text may be used free of charge for the purposes of advocacy, campaigning, education, and research, provided that the source is acknowledged in full. The copyright holder requests that all such use be registered with them for impact assessment purposes. For copying in any other circumstances, or for re-use in other publications, or for translation or adaptation, permission must be secured and a fee may be charged. E-mail Published by Oxfam GB for Oxfam International under ISBN 978-1-84814-908-3 in July, 2011. Oxfam GB, Oxfam House, John Smith Drive, Cowley, Oxford, OX4 2JY, UK. Jeanne Frances I. Illo  is an economist and women’s studies scholar. Until she left in 2005, she directed the Women’s Studies Program of the Institute of Philippine Culture, Ateneo de Manila University for decades. She is presently a Research Associate of the Women and Gender Institute of Miriam College. She also serves as gender adviser of the Canadian International Development Agency and the Australian Agency for International Development. Dante Dalabajan  is the policy and research ofcer of the Philippines Economic Justice program of Oxfam. He has 15 years of experience in public policy research, and advocacy and campaigns. Philippine Food Justice Report Weathering the Crises, Feeding the future  4 |   Contents Crises A corroded food chain Decreasing investments in agricultureIncreasing dependence on imports for food Graft and corruptionThe climate crisis Addressing equity, sustainable production and building resilienceEquity challengeThe state of food insecurityJobless growthIncome gap keeps food out of reachFeast and famine How do people cope with hunger?Women in agriculture – struggling against the odds Ageing farmers, deserted farmsSustainable production challengeInfertile land, degraded resources Collapsing sh stocks Defective land distributionLandgrabsThe resilience challengeThe global pressuresRising temperature and its impacts Chaos in climate nancing Rising to the Challenge: A bountiful future is possibleHarvesting the low hanging fruitsEliminating wastage and losses Agriculture support systemsThe need for a responsible private sector  Safe bets: Smallholder agriculture and sheries  An enlightened consumer movement The dividends of peace in Mindanao The time for change is now: what must be doneNotesImages566889910111111111213141515181819232324262828282829303132333539
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