What Practices Are Used to Identify and Prioritize Vulnerable Populations Affected by Urban Humanitarian Emergencies?

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Individuals and organizations responding to humanitarian crises recognize the need to improve urban emergency response and preparedness – including the need to devise better methods for assessing vulnerability within urban populations.  This systematic review represents the first ever attempt to systematically search, sort and synthesize the existing evidence in order to consolidate findings on the tools, methods and metrics used to identify and prioritize vulnerable people, households and communities, including those displaced within and to urban areas. It forms part of a series of humanitarian evidence syntheses and systematic reviews commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme. 
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  systematic review Humanitarian Evidence Programme JANUARY 2017 WHAT PRACTICES ARE USED TO IDENTIFY AND PRIORITIZE VULNERABLE POPULATIONS AFFECTED BY URBAN HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES?  About this systematic review This is an independent report commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme, a partnership between Oxfam GB and Feinstein International Center at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, funded by aid from the United Kingdom (UK)’s government through the Humanitarian Innovation and Evidence Programme at the Department for International Development. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of Oxfam, Feinstein or the UK government. About the research team This systematic review was undertaken by a research team led by Ronak B. Patel (Stanford University) and comprising Jami King (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health), Laura Phelps (Norwegian Refugee Council) and David Sanderson (University of New South Wales). The initial database and website searches took place during January and February 2016. Citation Patel, R.B., King, J., Phelps, L. and Sanderson, D. (2017). What practices are used to identify and prioritize vulnerable populations affected by urban humanitarian emergencies?  A systematic review  . Humanitarian Evidence Programme. Oxford: Oxfam GB.  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank everyone who contributed to the development of this review  –  including those who helped shape the research questions, shared documents and reviewed drafts. We would also like to thank Eleanor Ott, Roxanne Krystalli, Lisa Walmsley and the team at Oxfam GB and Feinstein for their support throughout this process. Series editors The report forms part of a series of humanitarian evidence syntheses and systematic reviews covering child protection, market support, mental health, nutrition, pastoralist livelihoods, shelter, urban contexts and water, sanitation and hygiene. The reports and corresponding protocols can be found at:    https://www.gov.uk/dfid-research-outputs    http://fic.tufts.edu/research-item/the-humanitarian-evidence-program/    http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-work/humanitarian/humanitarian-evidence-programme. The series editors are: Roxanne Krystalli, Eleanor Ott and Lisa Walmsley. Photo credit View of Kathmandu in February 2016. Kieran Doherty/Oxfam.  © Copyright Oxfam GB 2017 This publication is subject to copyright but the text may be used free of charge for the purposes of advocacy, campaigning, education, and research, provided that the source is acknowledged in full. The copyright holder requests that all such use be registered with them for impact assessment purposes. For copying in any other circumstances, or for re-use in other publications, or for translation or adaptation, permission must be secured and a fee may be charged. Email: lwalmsley1@ght.oxfam.org  CONTENTS 0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY I   1 BACKGROUND 1   1.1 AIMS AND RATIONALE FOR REVIEW 1   1.2 DEFINITIONAL AND CONCEPTUAL ISSUES 2   1.3 RESEARCH, POLICY AND PRACTICE BACKGROUND 4   1.4 OBJECTIVES 5   2 METHODS 6   2.1 USER INVOLVEMENT 6   2.2 IDENTIFYING AND DESCRIBING STUDIES 6   2.3 SYNTHESIS PROCESS 13   3 SEARCH RESULTS 15   4 FINDINGS 16   4.1 Evidence-based findings 21   4.2 The quality gap 24   4.3 Evidence gaps 25   5 EDITORIAL COMMENTARY INFORMED BY RECURRENT LESSONS 28   6 LIMITATIONS 29   7 IMPROVING THE EVIDENCE BASE 30   8 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 31   9 REFERENCES 33   9.1 Articles included in evidence-based review 33   9.2 Other studies cited in review 34   APPENDICES 36    Appendix A: Example search strategy for PubMed 36    Appendix B: Data extraction form 37    Appendix C: Quality assessment rubric 38    ABBREVIATIONS CCCM Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster CHW Community health worker CRS Catholic Relief Services DEC Disaster Emergency Committee DRC Democratic Republic of Congo EMMA Emergency Market Mapping Analysis GBV Gender-based violence GNI Gross national income HC Humanitarian Coalition IASC Inter-Agency Standing Committee  ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross IDP Internally displaced person IRT Item response theory JIPS Joint IDP Profiling Service MSF Médecins Sans Frontières NGO Non-government organization NRC Norwegian Refugee Council OCHA UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs UK United Kingdom UN United Nations UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East ASH Water, sanitation and hygiene FP World Food Programme HO World Health Organization
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