Women's Economic Empowerment and Domestic Violence: Links and lessons for practitioners working with intersectional approaches | Domestic Violence | Violence

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This paper examines the intersectional elements of the links between women's increased market-oriented economic activity and women's experience of domestic violence. Through a literature review, complemented by perspectives from staff working within the Oxfam confederation working on women's economic empowerment (WEE) and violence against women (VAW), the research discussed in the paper found that WE has discernible and significant, but often mixed, impacts on women's risk of domestic violence (DV), with the relationships between WEE and DV being profoundly contextual and overlaid by intersecting identities.  The paper aims to encourage and assist practitioners to better integrate WEE and VAW in development programming in context-responsive ways, in order to facilitate more holistic empowerment of women. 
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    WOMEN’S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE LINKS AND LESSONS FOR PRACTITIONERS WORKING WITH INTERSECTIONAL APPROACHES MARA BOLIS AND CHRISTINE HUGHES OXFAM INTERSECTIONALITY SERIES   Oxfam America 2   COVER: OXFAM WISE PROGRAM Guatemala 2015 -Carmen María Can Pixabaj: owner of a chicken business; graduate of the WISE training;  photographer: photo activist © 2015 Ilene Perlman    | Oxfam America 1 CONTENTS Contents……………………………………………………………………………….… 1   Foreword…………………………………………………………………………………2   Introduction………………………………………………………………………………4   Findings…………………………………………………………………………………..5   Explanations- Why WEE impacts the risk of domenstic violence……………….5   Contextual and individual factors that differentiate WEE- DV relationships……7   Recommendations……………………………………………………………………...9   Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………...12   Notes……………………………………………………………………………………13      Oxfam America 2 FOREWORD On March 23-24, 2015, representatives from Oxfam affiliates and partners assembled on the Simmons College campus in Boston, Massachusetts. In a rare opportunity, gender experts and development practitioners donned their student hats to deep-dive into the topic of Intersectionality, an area of academic thought and feminist theory that is evolving into an ever-growing body of development discourse. The event was co-sponsored by Oxfam America, Oxfam Novib, and Oxfam Intermon, in close partnership with the Center for Gender in Organizations at the Simmons School of Management. Not just a learning space, the Symposium was also a conduit for the generation of knowledge. The centerpiece of discussions was a series of practice papers, authored by Oxfam staff and partners, which explore the issue of Gender and Intersectionality within the broader context of international development work. The intention is to share Oxfam’s  experience in Gender and Intersectionality with a wide audience in hopes of fostering thoughtful debate and discussion. Oxfam America extends special thanks to all staff and partners who participated in the Symposium and who shared their expertise through these practice papers. We acknowledge the contribution of the advisory and planning committees, particularly of Sandra Sotelo Reyes (Intermon), Carmen Reinoso (Novib), Muthoni Muriu (Oxfam America), Patricia Deyton (CGO), Alivelu Ramisetty (Oxfam America), Maria Ezpeleta (Oxfam America), Eloisa Devietti (Oxfam  America) and Lauren Walleser (CGO). We also recognize the support of Caroline Sweetman and Liz Cooke (Oxfam Great Britain) who made possible the publication of a special virtual issue of Gender & Development, Intersecting Inequalities , (http://explore.tandfonline.com/page/bes/cgde-vsi-intersectionality). Finally, we thank Irene Munoz (Oxfam International) and Aileen Charleston (Oxfam America) for their collaboration on communications .
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