Women's Empowerment in Rwanda: Evaluation of women's economic leadership through horticulture planting material business | Wealth | Oxfam

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This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2013/14, selected for review under the women’s empowerment thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental evaluation carried out in March 2014 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the ‘Women’s Economic Leadership through Horticulture Planting-Material Business’ project. This project was implemented in four districts of Rwanda by Oxfam in partnershiop with Duterimbere, a local organization, between 2011 and 2014. The project aimed to strengthen women’s capacity for engaging in the production of pineapple planting material, and thereby to enhance women’s socio-economic status at household and community level, while also strengthening the capacity of the microfinance division of Duterimbere to provide finance and business services to women in the planting-material business. For more information, the data for this effectiveness review is available through the UK Data Service. Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews. 
  EFFECTIVENESS REVIEW SERIES ‘enhancing effectiveness through evidence-based learning’  EFFECTIVENESS REVIEW SERIES 2013/14: ARMENIA BOLIVIA COLOMBIA DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGOENGLAND ETHIOPIA GEORGIA HAITI HONDURAS INDONESIA JORDAN LEBANON MALAWI MALI   NEPAL NIGER PAKISTAN RUSSIA RWANDA SCOTLAND VIETNAM ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE This project was implemented by Oxfam in partnership with Duterimbere, a local organisation, between 2011 and 2014. The project aimed at strengthening women’s capacity for engaging in the production of pineapple planting material, and thereby to enhance women’s socio-economic status at household and community level. Another important dimension of the project was to strengthen the capacity of the micronance division of Duterimbere to provide nance and business services to women in the planting-material business. The project was implemented in four districts of Rwanda, but the Effectiveness Review focused on the project’s impact among participants in Muhanga and Nyagatare districts, where activities had taken place since the rst year of the project. Project goalsProject outcomes ActivitiesEnhanced socio-economic status of women at household, community and institution levelWomen are engaged in horticultural chain value as producers, suppliers, and traders of planting materialWomen have improved skills and capacity to develop qualitative planting material businesses (technical & enterprise skills)Women trained / mentored in improved agricultural techniques and in business development (training, demonstrations, exsposure visits etc.) Strengthen microfnance institutions (MFIs) to provide business services to women engaged in planting material businessWomen training in cross-cutting issues (e.g. HIV/AIDs) and gender equalityWomen have improved access to credit (e.g. ownership of a bank account, access to loans) Women’s economic leadership through horticulture planting-material business Project date: August 2011 - March 2014Evaluation: March 2014Publication: March 2015 Women’s Empowerment Rwanda2013/14 The above diagram presents a simplied explanation of how the project was expected to achieve change, through project activities and outcomes that were expected to contribute to the overall goal of the project.  Results Evaluation Method Full version of this report and more information can be found at Oxfam’s Policy and Practice website: www.oxfam.org.uk/effectiveness For more information, contact Oxfam’s Programme Quality Team - ppat@oxfam.org.uk The review sought to evaluate the project’s impact among the women in Muhanga and Nyagatare districts who directly participated in the training provided under this project. A ‘quasi-experimental’ evaluation design was used whereby data from interviews with these project participants, as well as with women in nearby communities where the project had not been implemented, were analysed using propensity-score matching and multivariate regression.See the document ‘How are effectiveness reviews carried out?’ for more information on evaluation design. Full details about the specic evaluation design used in this case are contained in the full report of the Effectiveness Review. Going forward Oxfam in Rwanda are committed to incorporating the recommendations that have emerged from the evaluation into current and future programming. From March 2015, Gender becomes a key pillar in the Oxfam in Rwanda’s Country Strategy, which will provide greater strategic importance to women’s rights in projects and programmes. It is also recognised there is a need to expand the scope of monitoring within projects to integrate the tracking of food security at household level and outcomes on wealth in general.Staff capacity will be developed in the areas of both women’s rights and monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning (MEAL). This will be initiated through the recruitment of a gender justice lead who will work with other thematic area leads. All staff will receive gender training throughout 2015. A MEAL lead will also recruited to improve capacity to design and implement effective MEAL systems. These activities will help to build Oxfam in Rwanda’s capacity to: undertake more robust gender analysis when designing projects; dene clearer gender indicators that will help assess project progress and results; establish clear project baselines; implement adequate monitoring systems throughout the intervention; and dene clear initiatives to identify and capture learning. Photo credit: Simon Rawles/Oxfam    Commentary Engagement in pineapple planting-material business Project outcome Most of the project participants were engaged in production of pineapple planting-material, and were generating signicant revenue from sales. Sales of agricultural productsStrong evidence that the project has enabled project participants to generate more revenue from sales of agricultural products, particularly in Nyagatare District.Improvement in indicators of material wealthMost project participants reported that their income has increased since 2010, but this is not clearly reected in wealth indicators, such as asset ownership and housing conditions.YESYESNOImprovement in women’s access to creditRespondents in Nyagatare were more likely to say that they could access a loan from a formal source if necessary  – but those in Muhanga were not. Actual borrowing was no more common among project participants than among comparison households in either district.Increase in women’s savingRespondents in both districts were more likely to have a personal bank account, but only in Nyagatare were they more likely to have made savings during the past month.Women’s empowermentEvidence of positive impact in terms of various characteristics of women’s involvement. Project participants scored positively in 55 per cent of the characteristics on average, compared to 48 per cent among comparison respondents. YESYESYESMuhangaNyagatareYESYESNONONOYES Evidence of positive impact
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